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Alien and Sedition Acts
Transcript of Alien and Sedition Acts
The Alien Enemies Act, the third law was passed on July 6, 1798. This was in case of war, the President was allowed to deport an enemy alien that made a threat toward the U.S. without trial needed. They were simply "send back to their home land..."
The Naturalization Act was created in June 18, 1798. It was created to extend the amount of years for aliens to complete their legal residency. The process of becoming a citizen was previously only 5 years but 9 more was added to make it 14 before all foreigners could become a legal U.S. citizen.
The Alien Act was a bias law during this tense time. It gave President John Adams the right to arrest or deport any aliens who were considered "...dangerous to
Alien & Sedition Acts (4 Laws)
Now threatened with war by France, the Federalist-controlled Congress passed the Alien & Sedition Acts to strengthen the government. They also wanted to weaken and silence the Democratic Republican Party, led by Thomas Jefferson. John Adams signed the Alien and Sedition Acts in June and July of 1798.
The Sedition Act made it illegal to stir up rebellion against government and to restrict public opinion of the U.S.' war effort. Any criticism against the government could not be talked about, printed or published.
The main reasons for the creation of these laws was to weaken the Democratic-Republican Parties and to stop immigrants from voting for them. Free Press, Free Speech, and Honest Opinions were outlawed by the Sedition Acts. And most believed it violated the 1st Amendment...
Conflict with France (How it Started)
People from France really did not like or agree with Jay's treaty. President John Adams took action and faced their threats of invasion head on. In an effort to avoid war, he sent 3 diplomats to France to try to make peace with them and come to an agreement...
France decided to do the same thing and sent 3 diplomats to the U.S. But the 3 French officials, referred to as X, Y and Z were only there to demand bribes and request a loan for their country. Angry and affronted, Americans refused. "Millions for defense, but not one cent for tribute."
If anyone was guilty of sedition, they would have to pay a fine and/or be sent to prison.
the peace & safety of the United States..." without any evidence of guilt. It made lots of hard working "aliens" very concerned and afraid.