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law-Augusto Pinochet

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tyler ravelle

on 25 May 2011

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Transcript of law-Augusto Pinochet

AUGUSTO PINOCHET Ruthless Dictator of Chile BACKGROUND -Born on 25 November 1915 in the Pacific coastal port of Valparaiso, Chile. -Pinochet is the oldest of six children. MILITARY HISTORY -Chilean army general and dictator who assumed power in a coup d'état on 11 September 1973. -Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean army from 1973 to 1998, president of the Government Junta of Chile from 1973 to 1974 and President of the Republic from 1974 until transferring power to a democratically elected president in 1990. HOW HE CAME TO POWER -Overthrew Allende's government in a coup, during which the presidential palace, La Moneda, was shelled. -A military junta was established immediately following the coup, made up of General Pinochet representing the Army. -The junta exercised both executive and legislative functions of the government. THREE CRITERIA --severe abuse of citizens democratic rights through blatant disregard.
-violate Geneva conventions and other international law, and rule of law.
-responsible for imprisonment, torture, or murder. REQUIREMENTS 1. I am representing a state party, that will refer this situation to the prosecutor. I am doing this because Augusto Pinochet was indicted for human rights violations in his native Chile on 10 October 1998 by Spanish magistrate Baltasar Garzón. 2. Crimes for which the accused should
be indicted: Crimes: abuse of human rights including: Genocide:
Almost immediately after the military's seizure of power, the junta banned all the leftist parties that had constituted Allende's UP coalition. 2,279 persons who disappeared during the military government were killed for political reasons or as a result of political violence. Crimes Against Humanity: Approximately 31,947 tortured according to the later Valech Report, while 1,312 were exiled. In these camps such things like electric shock, beatings, near-drowning, and rape in secret detention facilities, were things occuring during this time. 3. Evidence -genocide by killing
-crimes against humanity of murder
crimses against humanity of imprisonment or
severe deprivation of physical liberty
-crimes against humanity for torture
-crimes against humanity for rape
-crimes against humanity of enforced disappearance
of persons case of torture:
Pedro Leonardo López Fabbri.
From 6 April until 27 June 1975 he was detained in Silva Palma navy detention centre in Valparaiso. murder of president

On the 25yearold tapes, recorded the day of the military takeover, Pinochet is heard giving orders to another highranking military officer, Patricio Carvajal, laying out an alleged scheme to murder Allende. Video of people in
conditions of the camp. Pictures of the deaths in
the stadium where he would
hold people. QUOTE "He shut down parliament, suffocated political life, banned trade unions, and made Chile his sultanate. His government disappeared 3,000 opponents, arrested 30,000 (torturing thousands of them) ... Pinochet's name will forever be linked to the Desaparecidos, the Caravan of Death, and the institutionalized torture that took place in the Villa Grimaldi complex."

— Thor Halvorssen, president of the Human Rights Foundation, National Review THREE CRITERIA -severe abuse of citizens democratic rights through blatant disregard.
-violate Geneva conventions and other international law, and rule of law.
-responsible for imprisonment, torture, or murder. The ICC needs to accept this
individual becaue he is most deserving
based on these three criteria. What he has done
can not be forgotten, he has been compared to Hitler,
and justice must be served. Chile ratified the Rome
Statute. Meaning they are
breaking an international
treaty. Violates UN definition of: rule of law.
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