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Literary Terms

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Liz Miller

on 12 September 2016

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Transcript of Literary Terms

Literary Devices
Humor in Writing
The use of identical or similar vowel sounds repeated in words near each other.

Contradiction in a statement that defies intuition

Oscar Wilde, "I can resist anything except temptation."

Verbal Irony using humor to ridicule a person or situation.
Verbal Irony

Contradiction in words
Situational Irony

Contradiction in what is intended to happen and what actually happens
Dramatic Irony

Presents a situation where the audience and readers know something the characters don't know.
Description appealing to one or more of the 5 senses: sight, taste, touch, hearing, and smell
A conventional character, plot, or setting without individuality.
What are stereotypes about Brazil? What about the USA?

Author's attitude toward their subject.

A comparison is made between 2 unlike quantities without the use of "like" or "as".

Denotation - Dictionary Definitions

Connotation - Ideas and feelings associated with a word
Language that is not meant to be interpreted literally, it always compares things.
Figurative Language
Literary Elements
A figure of speech comparing two quantities using the words "like" or "as".
A contrast from what is stated and what is really meant, or what is the expected outcome and what really happens. Sarcasm is a form of verbal irony.

Point of view:
Relationship of the narrator to the story

Narrator (Speaker) - imaginary voice the author assumes to tell the story

main character or hero

Antagonist: adversary to hero

the sequence of events in a story


the personalities and qualities of the characters 


the principal idea of the story 


when and where a story occurs 
Conflict: A problem
Elements of a Short Story
An object or event used in a literary work to represent something other than itself.

Deliberate exaggeration
First Person
The narrator tells the story from the point of view of the main character. They have a limited perception and use 'I"
Third Person Limited
The narrator's point of view is from the third person, but it cannot see everything it is limited. The narrator uses "He, She, and It."
Third Person Omniscient
The narrator's point of view is "all knowing" or "god" like in that it can read both the thoughts of all the characters and know aspects that the main characters do not know.
Second Person
The narrator's point of view is told using 'you' as if they are the person they speak to and about. They make the reader a participant in the literature.
This is the least used point of view.
"Think outside the box."
Connotation and Denotation

Bobby wore a blue shirt.

Bobby was blue after his dog died.
Pathetic Fallacy
Giving human characteristics to nature.
Giving Human characteristics to animals, objects, or abstract qualities
A reference to a mythological, literary, or historic person, place, or thing
A reoccurring theme or element running through a work.
Flat or Static Characters
Do not change or develop.
Round or Dynamic Characters
Change and develop throughout the work, often they learn something.
The reasons behind a character's action
Comic Relief
The intrusion of humor to interrupt or right after a scene of excitement
A fictional story that illustrates a message or moral, usually includes talking animals.
The Hare And The Tortoise - Aesop's fables
A repetition of the initial consonant sounds of several words in a group.
Ex. Sweet smell of success
The repetition of consonant sounds in the middle or end of a word
Ex. Itsy Bitsy Spider
Ex. tilting at windmills
The repetition of sounds at the end of lines noted using letters:
The measured, patterned arrangement of syllables according to stress and length.
Iambic Pentameter
Shakespeare's sonnets and plays use five iambs in each line and this became known as this special form.
Ex. "Two households, both alike in dignity,
In fair Verona, where we lay our scene."
Exaggeration used in the service of truth
Incongruous or contradictory terms appear side by side
Ex. My boyfriend and I have a love/hate relationship.
Rhetorical Question
A statement that is formulated as a question but is not supposed to be answered.
A 14-line poem
Shakespeare's sonnets
Is written in iambic pentameter, has:
3 QUATRAINS: (4-line stanzas)
1 COUPLET: (2-line stanza)
Tone Shift
Shift in the tone of a work shown through irony, key words, punctuation, setting, or line/stanza breaks or changes
Words that appeal to one or more of our 5 senses.
Plot Outline
is when characters, events, or objects act as an extended metaphor to symbolize ideas or concepts

the formation of words whose sound is imitative of the sound of the noise or action designated, such as hiss, buzz, and bang
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