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Transcript of Germany
These countries include:
Germany is located in the continent of Europe, and
is surrounded by the North Sea, the Baltic Sea, and the English Channel.
Germany is bordered by
nine other countries. It is the only
country that shares borders with so
many other countries.
June 14, 2013
This is a map of Germany showing it's capital, and major cities.
Germany's capital city: Berlin
Facts and Statistics
Population: 81,147,265 (2013)
Land area: 357,022 km
Main language: German
Germany has many different
land forms like:
Iron ore, coal, potash, timber, copper, natural gas, salt, nickel.
Natural gas plant
Some animals found in Germany are:
Wolves, foxes,brown bears, Wild cats,
Lynx, weasels, beavers, badgers,
salmon and carp
Most of the people in Germany have light skin, light and dark eyes, and light and dark hair.
This is what males wear to festivals
This is what females
wear to festivals
Germany is ruled today by a Federal Republic government. This is similar to the government in Canada.
The leader of Germany’s government is Chancellor Angela Merkel.
Germany was once many smaller regions like Austria, Prussia and Saxony. They each were ruled by their own government.
In 1871, the regions were united into one country under the rule of Otto Von Bismark, Germany’s 1st leader.
Germany was first called “Deutschland”, which is old high German for “of the people”.
In the late 19th century, Germany began to compete for colonies in Africa and Asia. This led to World War I in 1914. Germany lost to Britain, France and the United States.
World War I
In 1933, Hitler came into power, promising to make Germany a great nation. In 1939, Hitler invaded Poland, which started World War II. During this war, Hitler was responsible for the killing of millions of innocent people. In the end, the Germans were defeated in 1945.
World War II
The Cold War
After World War II, Germany became divided into East and West Berlin. In 1961, East Germany built a wall across Berlin, to keep it’s people from moving to West Germany. This period of fighting was called the “cold war”, and lasted 44 years.
WW II Bombers
In 1989, the Berlin Wall was taken down,
and East Germany opened its borders.
After World War II, Germany was ruined. West Germany recovered and became Europe’s richest country. However East Germany was under communist control and continued to struggle. After the country was re-united, Germany spent billions of dollars on improving the East.
Germany now has a strong economy, and high standards of education. The government provides great health and education benefits.
The people of Germany smashing
down the wall.
Christianity is the largest religion in Germany, follow by Islam and Judasim.
Neuschwanstein (new-shwan-stine) castle was built high on a hill, in the famous Alps. It is the most famous castle in the world and was the inspiration
for the Sleeping Beauty castle in the Disneyland.
The Brandenburg Gate is the only surviving city gate of Berlin and symbolizes the reunification of East and West Berlin.
The Berlin Cathedral was built between 1895 and 1905. It is one of Berlin's most famous landmarks. The cathedral was badly bombed during the war.
Growing Up and Going to School
In many families, lunch is the main meal, and the whole family will get together and talk about their day. After lunch, children will spend the afternoon doing household chores and homework. Then they travel by bike or bus to their sports, music, art, or leisure clubs.
Depending on everyone’s schedule, the family does not always eat together in the evenings. After dinner, families gather in the living room to talk, watch TV, or use the computer.
The subjects that German school children study are similar to Canadian school children. They have a main teacher that teaches subjects like reading, writing, math, history, geography, and religion. They have separate teachers for music, and PE. They are taught simple English starting in grade three.
This colourful paper cone, filled with new school supplies and treats, is a gift parents give their children on the first day back to school. This tradition celebrates the beginning of a new school year.
Other Holidays and Traditions:
On a child’s birthday, they never have to do homework or chores. The house is decorated, and a special wooden birthday wreath is placed on the table. This wreath has 12 small holes for candles around the outside. A larger "life" candle is placed in the center. This life candle is lit each year on the child's birthday until the age of twelve.
St. Martin’s day is on November 11th. Children make paper lanterns, and take part in a procession after school. Then they have hot chocolate and sweet bread.
Saint Nicholas’ day takes place on December 6th. On the night before, children put their shoes outside to be filled with gifts and treats!
There are festivals that are not religious like Oktoberfest, which celebrates the harvest, and the Dinkelsburg children’s festival. Children get dressed up in traditional clothing and dance in the streets.
Hitler saluting his army
Growing up in Germany is different in a lot of ways, than growing up in Canada. Everybody gets up early, and has a big breakfast. Then children go to school on their own by bike or bus.
A typical school day starts around 7:30 am. There are about five to six lessons a day, with two twenty minute breaks. This allows for snacks and going outside to play. There is no lunch time because school usually ends by 12:30 pm., and children then go home for lunch.
At night, they go door to door and sing songs to their neighbours, who reward them with treats!
Christmas and Easter traditions are similar to what
we have here in Canada.
The Frauenkirche Cathedral in Dresden, was completely destroyed during WWII.
The church was reconstructed using original plans from the 1720s and reopened in 2005.
I chose this Country because I think Germany is blessed by God because it has a very good economy, strong family values and is a good country.
I chose this country because I wanted to learn more about what it is like and because no-one in my family really knows much about our German heritage.