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TANZANIA.

Haven of Peace...
by

Gerald Nyiti

on 20 February 2015

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Transcript of TANZANIA.

Tanzania
Haven of Peace....
WHERE TO FIND ME...??
Tanzania dates formally from April 26th 1964, when it was formed out of the union of the much larger mainland territory of
Tanganyika
and the neighboring islands of Z
anzibar
namely ‘Unguja and Pemba’.
BACKGROUND HISTORY
Tanganyika got her Independence in
1961
from the
British
under the leadership of
Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere
– Baba wa Taifa (Father of the Nation).
On 9 December
1961
, Tanganyika became an
independent Commonwealth realm
, and Nyerere became Prime Minister, under a new constitution.

On 9 December,
1962
, a
republican constitution
was implemented with Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere as Tanganyika's
first president
.
Tanganyika
got her Independence in 1961 from the British under the leadership of Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere – Baba wa Taifa (Father of the Nation).
On 9 December
1961,
Tanganyika became an I
ndependent Commonwealth
realm, and Nyerere became
Prime Minister
, under a new constitution.

On 9 December,
1962
, a
Republican Constitution
was implemented with Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere as Tanganyika's
first president
.
BACKGROUND HISTORY...
On 12
January 1964
, the African majority revolted against the sultan and a new government was formed with the ASP leader,
Abeid Karume
, as
President of
Z
anzibar
and Chairman of the Revolutionary Council.
Zanzibar was settled as a trading hub, subsequently controlled by the Portuguese, the Sultanate of Oman, and then as a
British protectorate
by the end of the nineteenth century.

Zanzibar received its independence from the United Kingdom on 10 December 1963, as a
constitutional monarchy
under the Sultan.
The Union...
On 26 April 1964,
Tanganyika
united with Z
anzibar
to form the United Republic of
Tanzania
.
Moments:
Tanzania and the World
The Economy...
Tanzania’s GDP as at 2014 was USD 36.62 Billion which made it rank
12th in Africa
.
(Wikipedia)
The national currency is called
Tanzanian Shilling (TZS)
and is currently exchanged at
TZS 1,751
per Dollar as at Feb 10th 2015
Business...
The major industries in Tanzania are
Agriculture
and consumer industries like
breweries, soap and textiles
manufacturers. The
mining and tourism
industries are growing rapidly with the liberalisation of the economy.
Business... (Continued...)
Major minerals are
Gold, Diamond
and gemstones including
Tanzanite
- a gemstone first discovered in Tanzania.
Natural Gas
has been discovered at Songo Songo in southern Tanzania.
The
BG Group
, in partnership with
Ophir Energy
, and
Statoil
, in partnership with
ExxonMobil
, have made several offshore natural gas discoveries since 2010, totaling
25 to 30 trillion cubic
feet of recoverable gas resources, according to PFC Energy.
Agriculture...
Tanzania's major crops are
Coffee, Cotton, Tea, Tobacco,

Sugar
and
Pyrethrum
.
The Tanzanian economy is heavily based on agriculture, which accounts for
24.5%
of GDP and provides 85% of exports which accounts for
half
of the employed
workforce

(wikipedia)
In Z
anzibar
, the major cash crop is
Cloves
, 90 percent of which are produced on the island of
Pemba

(www.nationsencyclopedia.com)
BACKGROUND HISTORY... (Continued)
Birth of Tanzania...
Tourism...
Tanzania has set aside about
one-quarter
of its
land
area for
12 national parks , 17 game reserves, 50 controlled game areas
and a
conservation
area.
Other attractions for tourists include Mount
Kilimanjaro
(the highest mountain in Africa) as well as
Beaches
and
Coral Reefs
along Indian Ocean coast, and the Island of Z
anzibar
.
Tourism...(contiued)
Tanzania has a number of idyllic, intimate beach hideaways with great style and atmosphere. Fine coral sands, great diving, palm-fringed elegance are order of the day on the charismatic swahili islands and the best mainland coastal retreats.(
africaodyssey.com)
The People...
According to the 2012 census, the total population was
44,928,923
compared to 12,313,469 in 1967 resulting in an annual growth rate of
2.9 percent
.
There are more than
260 tribes
in Tanzania with individual languages or dialects.

However the country has 2 official languages namely;
Swahili
and
English
.
Some Swahili vocabulary is
derived from Arabic
through contact with Arabic-speaking Muslim inhabitants of the Swahili Coast.

It has also incorporated
German, Portuguese, English, Hindi
and F
rench
words into its vocabulary through contact with empire builders, traders and slavers during the past five centuries.
Source

Swahili English
Mesa - Portuguese MEZA - Table
Devai - French Divai Wine
Cāya – Hindi Chai Tea
Report – English Ripoti Report
Religion...
Religious
freedom
is a virtue that has contributed to Tanzania's long, relatively peaceful history since the nation's independence.
All religious holidays receive
equal public recognition
. Many world religions played a part in the nation's history.
On the mainland, about 40% are Christian, 35% are Muslim, and 20% follow indigenous religions.
Virtually 100 percent of the people in Zanzibar are Muslim
Covering approximately 365,000 square miles (945,000 sq km)—an area about 1.5 times the size of Texas, Tanzania lies on the
East Coast of Africa
, just south of the equator.

It shares borders with Kenya, Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, and the Indian Ocean.

Tanzania also shares three great lakes—Victoria, Tanganyika, and Malawi—with its neighbors
Cuisine...
For most Tanzanians, including those who live in urban areas, no meal is complete without a preferred
staple carbohydrate
—corn, rice, cassava, sorghum, or plantains.
Plantains
are preferred in the northwest,
Ugali
(a thick mash of corn or sorghum) in the Central and southwestern regions, and
Rice
in the south and along the coast.

The staple is accompanied by a
fish, beef, goat, chicken, or mutton stew
or fried pieces of meat, along with several types of vegetables or condiments, commonly including
beans, leafy greens
resembling
spinach, manioc leaves, chunks of pumpkin, or sweet potatoes
Common Breakfast treats are bread, sweet rolls called Mandazi, coffee or tea (sometimes with spices, sugar, and/or milk), buttermilk, and chicken broth.
Music...
The Tanzanian artistes have devised a new style going by the name of "
Bongo Flava
", which is a blend of all sorts of melodies, beats, rhythms and sounds. The trend among the Tanzanian music consumers has started changing towards favouring products from their local artists who sing in
Swahili
, the national language.
Tanzania
Music from Neighboring countries is also commonly played in Tanzania. Some are made in Swahili and some in respective local languages.
Kenya
Uganda
Congo
Thank you for your time...
KARIBU TANZANIA....!
Challenges....?!
October 2014:
Tanzania is currently ranked
152nd
out of 182 countries on the
HDI
index; its
business environment
(
134th
out of 185 countries); and
government effectiveness
(
135th
out of 212 countries).
(Worldbank.org)
November 2013
:
28.2%
of the population lives
below the poverty line
– considerably lower than the corresponding figure of
33.6% in 2007.

Regardless of the significance in the decline of poverty over recent years, Tanzania remains a poor country ==> still approximately
12 million poor
people living in Tanzania.

(Worldbank.org)
Cia.org
Full transcript