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Amy Kish

on 11 December 2013

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Transcript of Africa

South Africa
When Nigeria's corrupt military government kills their mother, twelve-year-old Sade and her brother Femi think their lives are over. Out of fear for their safety, their father, an outspoken journalist, decides to smuggle the children out of Nigeria and into London, where their uncle lives. But when they get to the cold and massive city, they find themselves lost and alone. They have no one to trust and no idea when, or if, they will ever see their father again.
Picture Book
Bye bye! (Ga, Ghana)
sosu's Call
Meshack Asare
Historical Background
The Twelfth Heart
Elizabeth-Irene Baitie
Country Background
-Gained Independence-1957
-1st country in sub-Saharan Africa to gain independence
-English is the official language but many different languages spoken in Ghana
-Has been referred to as the "island of peace"
Sosu's Call
The Twelfth Heart
Main theme:
Cultural significance:
The issues of prejudice and courage.
The people of Sosu's village don't view him as equally adequate of helping with the others of the village because his legs do not work like theirs. But in the end of the book, the reader learns the lesson that and individual, in this case Sosu, can overcome their discrimination's and become useful to their society.

The theme of courage comes up as Sosu stands up for himself and for the others in his village when he saves the village and the people when the storm is about o hit. Sosu does this by using what he can do-play the drums loudly. By playing the drums loudly the village people could come back to the village and save their homes. Sosu's bravery and courage in the midst of a storm saves the village.

Even the smallest of people and the least likely can do great things.
-Village on the lagoon pg.3
-Have chickens pg.4, 12
-Fish in the lagoon pg.8
-Drums pg.26
-How people dress pg.28
-Importance of the village pg.30
The village leader
Country Background:

• Tanzania is located in East Africa, between Kenya and Mozambique.

• The country was formed in 1964 when Zanzibar and Tanganyika combined after gaining independence from Great Britain.

• It’s a fairly impoverished nation, with 36% of the population living below the poverty line. Tanzania gains most of its income from tourism to popular attractions like Mt. Kilimanjaro and the Serengeti.

• The major religions in the country are Christianity and Islam.

Big Boy
by Tololwa M. Mollel
A little boy named Oli wishes to be big, so that he can do everything his older brother can do. One day his wish comes true when he encounters Tunukia-zawadi- a mythical wish-granting bird- and becomes the largest person in his village. At first, Oli is thrilled, but then he realizes being big isn't so great, after all. After making another wish, he wakes up in his backyard, where he is back to his normal size and aware that being small isn't such a bad thing.
Dying in the Sun
by Peter K. Palangyo
Ntanya, a poor man in between jobs, must return to his home village to help his family deal with his father's impending death. While in the village, Ntanya reconnects with James, childhood friend who now works for the government- a trait most villagers find despicable. He also falls in love with a prostitute, whom he eventually marries. Over the course of the novel, Ntanya faces difficulties with loss, love, and family.
Growing up and appreciating what you have.

In the story, Oli wants to be big because he associates being tall or large with adulthood and all of the benefits it brings. When he first gets his wish, he enjoys being big. But later, he realizes being big comes with a great deal of responsibility and hard work, particularly when villagers ask him to find firewood in his heavy, painful iron shoes.
At the end of the story, after Oli experiences being big, he wakes up in his mother's arms in his backyard, small again. The story ends with Oli being carried home on his mother's back while his father and brother walk ahead. In this scene, Oli comes to the realization that being small isn't so bad after all, based on watching his brother have to walk on his own.
Connections to the Culture
Mollel was inspired by Tanzanian folklore when he wrote this book.

"This story was inspired by a motif I have encountered in African folklore, that of the prodigious child [...] I have given the mythical element a realistic framework in Big Boy, drawing on contemporary life in my native country, Tanzania."

Mollel uses Swahili words in the story and includes English definitions in the back of the book.

Oli's realization can be related to the popular proverb "Mso hili ana lile," which means "A person missing this has that."
Love, conflict, and isolation.
Dying in the Sun focuses on many different kinds of love. For instance, romantic love (Ntanya and Teresa), family love (Ntanya and his grandmother or his sister, Onya), and brotherly love (Ntanya and James).
There are two types of conflict in the novel- conflict between generations and conflict between Old Tanzania and New Tanzania. Conflict between generations can be seen in the complicated relationship between Ntanya and his father, while conflict between the Old and New can be found in the differences between the villager's customs and the government's laws.
Many times in the novel, Ntanya is cut off from the people around him. He starts the story as an outcast, and then becomes an outcast again while his family is in mourning and the village ignores them.
Connections to the Culture
This novel can also be applied to "Mso hili ana lile" because, while Ntanya doesn't have everything he wants or needs, he does have love and his family.
There are several references to Tanzanian culture (ex. kangas and calabash) and traditions (ex. funeral process and mourning period).

The End!
Kwaheri! (Tanzania)
The Other Side of Truth By: Beverly Naidoo
The Herd Boy
By: Niki Daly
Malusi is a herd boy. It is a big job for a small boy, yet he does it well, no matter the danger. But he also dreams of being more than a herd boy someday: Malusi wants to be president.
The Other Side of Truth
Truth and Honesty
The Herd Boy
Many great people come from humble beginnings.
The Herd Boy depicts Nelson Mandela, South Africa's first black president, driving by in a fancy car then stopping to talk to Malusi. Mandela started out as a sheperd boy himself and told Malusi, "a boy who looks a after his herd will make a very fine leader." (23)
It is no longer and unimaginable dream for anyone to reach the nations highest office.
Cultural Influence
the baby asleep in a wrap on Mama's back
designs on clothing
the car's driver seated on the right side
baboon troop, eagle, dung beetles, and termites
umvobo eaten with fingers for lunch
wildlife identified as a puffadder snake
references to South Africa's Bafana Bafana football (soccer) team and the famous boxer Baby Jake Matlala
women carrying vessels on their heads
glossary in the back that defines the isiXhosa, Afrikaans, German and Dutch words
Folarian and Mrs. Solaja believe the truth is important. Sade and Femi’s mother gets killed because of their father writing the truth in his articles. Their father says, “The truth is the truth. How can I write what’s untrue.” Honesty and truth take on a whole new form when their father asks them to lie for their safety. They have been brought up to tell the truth but now the truth is dangerous. Sade and Femi continue to lie throughout the book to try and keep themselves and their father safe. Their lies ultimately lead to the consequence of their father not being able to find them.
Throughout the book their father sent his kids away out of love and to keep them safe. He did everything he could to get back to them, even left the prison. Sade and Femi always stuck together and never gave up on each other even when times got hard. For most of the book they were the only real family they had left. The new people they met were so kind to them and treated them just like family. They even call them Aunt and Uncle.
Other themes
Overcoming Adversity, Cultural Identity, Oppression, Racism, Conflict, Prejudice, Corruption, Freedom of Speech
Totsiens! (South Africa)
Main themes
Cultural Significance:
This book shows of the differences among schools in different countries. It shows the boarding school scene and also shows how differently students learn in these settings. This book also brought up the cultural significance of the power of education as the outside villages around the boarding school were very poor.
Friendship comes from the heart
Mercy learns the importance of friendships and she realizes that friends do not have a price tag. Through a series of events Mercy learns the importance of true friendships and how friends help in the occurrences of life, including a death of one of her friends.
Mercy becomes more mature as she moves from her home in Aboagyekrom to the boarding school in Accra. She begins to find out who she is and begins to see the world from a different lens. This young adult fiction book is a bildungsroman-a coming of age novel that Mercy learns who she is.
Country Background
11 languages are recognized as official
South Africa has the second-highest number of HIV/Aids patients in the world.
In 1961 South Africa became an independent republic
During the first 300 years governance was dominated by the white minority.
Divided into nine provinces
Xhosa-home language
English-business language
Beverley Naidoo
Brought up in the days when South Africa was very racist. Her first book
Journey to Jo'Burg
was banned in South Africa.
"I’ve always loved stories. They are windows to other worlds. A good story doesn’t tell you what to think. But if I can hook you in, maybe you’ll find yourself compelled to think, feel, imagine... and to begin a new journey of your own." - Beverley Naidoo
Born in South Africa and is 70 years old
In 1965 she went into exile going to England and married another South African exile; they have two children.
Niki Daly
Born and raised in a working-class family, Niki Daly has lived in Cape Town, South Africa, for most of his life.
He is a writer as well as an illustrator
“I hope that my books have soul—which suggests that I adhere to values that are not purely material.”
Believes that his working-class background has a specific influence
Wandi's Little Voice by Ellen Banda-Aaku
Out of Shadows by Jason Wallace
Author/Book Background:

Ellen Banda-Aaku is a Zambian writer with an MA in Creative Writing from the University of Cape Town. Wandi's Little Voice was her debut book and it won the Macmillan Writer's Prize for Africa in 2004 in the New Children's writer category. The judges stated that "the author's style reveals a rare gift for revealing the truth and contradictions at the core of human relationships."
Plot Summary:

The story is told from the point of view of Wandi, a young girl on the cusp of puberty. She's dealing with an overbearing mother, a downtrodden father, and interfering family members while trying to figure out who she is and what's important to her.
Wandi's Experiences:

She becomes more aware of things around her.

She questions the hypocrisies of adulthood.

She deals with serious issues and finds her voice.
Wandi's Growth...

Wandi's Mother: "We can't change the family or culture we are born into. We just have to make the most of who we are. No one is perfect. Sometimes we choose not to listen to the voice inside of us."

Wandi: "You have one too?!"
Picture Book:
The Lion's Share

Qayb Libaxx
Retold By:
Said Salah Ahmed
A pack of predators go out hunting together. They find and kill a camel, but when dividing up the meat, they have a difficult time. Lion asks for someone to divide the meat but is unsatisfied with the Hyena's answer so asks again and the right answer is given. The Lion walks away with almost the entire portion of camel while the little bit left is divided equally amongst the other hunters.
Common phrase
used in
everyday language
can be

One of the most popular Somalian fables that has been turned into songs, poems, pictures, and prose.
Theme: sharing and greed

The Caged Virgin
After gaining independence, British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland came together to create Somalia in

Somali, Arabic, Italian, English

Sunni Muslim
Somalia is the
43rd largest country
in the world!
Location:The Horn of Africa
Only about


of the country is

Tololwa M. Mollel
Born in Arusha, Tanzania.

Moved to Alberta, Canada to receive a Master's degree.

He has written more than 16 children's books, many of which have received various awards, like the Governor General Award and Coretta Scott King Honor.

Many of his books have been published in the U.S., Canada, Australia, the UK, and Tanzania, and have been translated into different South African languages and Korean.
Peter K. Palangyo
Born in 1939 and died in 1993.

Raised in Nkoaranga, Tanzania, then moved to Minnesota to earn a bachelor's degree in biology and chemistry.

Eventually earned a Master's and PhD in literature in the U.S. in the late 1960's.

Palangyo was a school principal, a diplomat, and a Tanzanian ambassador for Canada over the course of his life.

Dying in the Sun is his only novel.
Author/Book Background:

Out of Shadows was written by Jason Wallace, a writer who moved from England to Zimbabwe at age 12. He attended a boarding school where he got the inspiration for his novel. Out of Shadows was rejected 100 times before being bought by it's current publishing house- and then it won the Costa Children's Book of the Year Award.
About the Author:
Ayaan Hirsi Ali
Born and raised in Somalia
Grew up as a Muslim in an Islamic society
Fled to the Netherlands when she was told she her marriage had been arranged to a distant cousin
Wrote the screenplay for
and is constantly guarded for protection (her film partner was stabbed to death with a note saying they were coming for her next)
Feminist, Athieist, and FGM Activist
Has authored/coauthored over 17 books
Naturalized citizen of the United States
Founded the AHA in 2007
Ayaan Hirsi Ali
Women's rights, religious oppression, Female genital mutilation, Islam, liberty, Equality
Written in 1st person this book includes individual accounts of her past and present in relation to Muslim women. She tells personal stories and relays other women's stories. She is a firm believer in the power women have and the equality they deserve but do not receive.
this book would be great in a class about women's rights, cultural acceptance, or religious studies of the world course.
Plot Summary:

Robert Jacklin is thrown into the aftermath of the war that gained Zimbabwe's independence when his family moves from England and he attends a boarding school. There, he is confronted with the realities of racism and violence. He must make careful alliances. He must decide to join the brutal white boys to have protection or to do nothing and remain friends with Nelson, a black African boy.
And the plot thickens!

When President Mugabe, promising a new era for black Africans, visits the school, Robert discovers a horrible secret. His white supremacist schoolmate, Ivan, plans to assassinate the president and Robert must make a decision. He shoots Ivan right before the assassination attempt, and the novel ends with a moral dilemma- in hindsight, should he have killed Ivan or let Ivan kill Mugabe?


-discuss the trials of growing up in a realistic way

-refuse to sugar-coat things

-show children handling situations that even adults would have a hard time dealing with

-display the complexities between the way things are and they way they should ideally be
Hargeisa International Book Fair
One of the largest celebrations of literature in Eastern Africa
Held in Somaliland(not internationally recognized)
6th year this past August
Attracts people from all over the world
Even have a special evening dedicated to women only
Poetry, prose, plays, and other forms of creativity were shown throughout this festival and available for purchase, from original Somali titles to Shakespeare's Richard III
Full transcript