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Southwest Asia: Creating The Modern Middle East and Israel
Transcript of Southwest Asia: Creating The Modern Middle East and Israel
Creating The Modern Middle East
Arabs and Jews
Balfour Declaration- Britain supported creation of a Jewish state without violating the rights of the Arabs living there.
Nazi persecution led many Jews to flee to Israel
Britain limited Jewish Immigration in Israel due to the violence.
2 states; Jerusalem-International City
80% Jewish- Sephardic and Ashkenazi
20% Arab- Christian, Muslim, Druzes (Muslim)
Cooperation and Conflict:
1947- UN voted to create 2 separate states
(The Arab population refused to accept this decision)
May 1948- Israel Declares Independence (Immediately attacked by 5 neighboring Arab countries)
Palestinians-Gaza Strip, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon
PLO- Called for Israel's destruction
Creating the Modern Middle East
Spread of Islam influenced the culture.
Ottoman Empire was allied with the central powers ( Germany, Austria-Hungary)
Empire divided by the Allies at the end of WWI
Saudi Arabia and Yemen-Arab