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Open Innovation in Development

WSP BPM, Bangkok April 26 2012
by

Edward Anderson

on 19 October 2016

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Transcript of Open Innovation in Development

Cost, Complexity & Moore's law
Open for Development
Exponential Technology
New Delivery Channels in 2011
“Once a new technology rolls over you, if you’re not part of the steamroller you’re part of the road.”
Stewart Brand
Thanks to:

Andrew Mclaughlin
Ardhi University
City of Dar es Salaam
COSTECH
Daraja
e-Soko Rwanda
Map Kibera
Omidyar Foundation
Open for Change
Open Street Map Contributors
Peter Diamandis
Safaricom
SODNET
Twaweza
TXTeagle
UDES
UNICEF
Ushahidi
WaterAid
WaterHackathon

R Chandrashekar, formenr Secretary, Department of IT, Government of India
“Our aim is for Open Data, Open Knowledge, and Open Solutions.” RBZ, Sept 28, 2010
“Imagine this: A health care worker or parent in a village, with a laptop or mobile device, can access development knowledge in real time through geo coding and geo mapping. She can see which schools have feeding programs and which go without, and what is happening to local health. She can access 20 years of data on infant mortality for her country and its neighbors. She can dig deeply and compare her village with others. She can upload her own data, throw light on the likely effect of new interventions, and mobilize the community to demand better or more targeted health programs.”
Tools
Platform
Free or cheap map data
Geocoding
Location tracking
Community Participation
“The most treasured asset of the poor”.
Obiageli Ezekwesili, AFR VP
SMS Birth Registration Rwanda
SMS for Nutrition Surveillance Malawi
Accountability
Transparency
Karnataka, India
Following up on service delivery
The Results Agenda
Geocoding
Differently
Open
Best from anywhere
Collaborative Community
Networked
Lateral
Clients as co-creators
Closed
We can do it
Single leaders
Hierarchical
Linear
Clients as recipients
FROM
TO
Souktel
Citizen Journalism
EPROM: SMS BloodBank
TXT Eagle
Using GPS cameras to monitor EIRP
Asset verification with Mobile Phones
esoko in Rwanda
People
Sparks: Innovation and ICT Across Development Sectors
Open
Efficient
Responsive
Community Urban Mapping
Replicate, Iterate, Scale
Edward Anderson
Transparency, Participation, Accountability
Game Changing Opportunities
Mobile Phones
Gordon Moore
Code Fellows
Code for Africa
Water Hackathon
Informed Citizens
Engaged Government
Responsive Services
Open Development
Technology Alliance
$5,000,000
1992:
$74
2012:
$20,000
2007
2012
2017
$2,500
$350
$150,000
$1,500
2000
2011
/mo.
/mo.
(Loudcloud)
(Amazon AWS)
Cost to run Internet application
The future
is here.
It's just not
evenly
distributed
yet.
"
"
William Gibson
PART 2: The Transformation
6 billion
subscriptions worldwide
4.5 billion
in the developing world
60 percent
of adults in sub-Saharan Africa
have a mobile phone
Web 2.0
Mass collaboration changes everything
250,000
2 billion
1996
2010
users
users
Mass publishing
Mass participation
WEB 2.0
Geospatial
The next
3 billion
PART 3: The Networked Model
Portfolio
Doing Things
PART 4: The World Bank Group
Define, Convene, Scale
Part 1: The Drivers
Progress in past 100 years
1. Infinite Computing
2. Sensors & Networks
3. Robotics
4. 3D printing
5. Synthetic Biology
6. Digital Medicine
7. Nanomaterials
8. Artificial Intelligence
Technologies Riding Moore's law
Information technologies (of all kinds) double their power - price performance, capacity, bandwidth - every year
M-PESA in partnership with Grundfos for rural water provision
04 September 2009, Vodafone Money Transfer news
India: Mobile banking and Irrigation
Problem: remote irrigation pumps with erratic electrical supply require manual attention.

Challenge: Emerging Markets category of Nokia's Calling All Innovators contest, which awards new mobile applications designed to improve quality of life

Project: mobile phone service to remotely check electricity, and to automatically turn the pump on and off. Developed by Ossian Agro Automation in India, and works in conjunction with Tata Teleservices phones.
5,000 farmers in Maharashtra state have been using Nano Ganesh since 2008.
$104
ICT components in Africa (water sector), FY10-12
million
10x
Cost of food
Cost of electricity
Cost of transport
Cost of communications
20x
100x
1000x
Meta Map
Measuring water quality
Mazzi Trends
Tracking water usage
Map the Crap
Geo-locating pit latrines
Kampala
Kampala
Bangalore
A Regional Civic Tech marketplace and civic coder network
Full transcript