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Open Innovation in Development
Edward Andersonon 21 December 2012
Transcript of Open Innovation in Development
City of Dar es Salaam
Open for Change
Open Street Map Contributors
WaterHackathon R Chandrashekar, formenr Secretary, Department of IT, Government of India “Our aim is for Open Data, Open Knowledge, and Open Solutions.” RBZ, Sept 28, 2010 “Imagine this: A health care worker or parent in a village, with a laptop or mobile device, can access development knowledge in real time through geo coding and geo mapping. She can see which schools have feeding programs and which go without, and what is happening to local health. She can access 20 years of data on infant mortality for her country and its neighbors. She can dig deeply and compare her village with others. She can upload her own data, throw light on the likely effect of new interventions, and mobilize the community to demand better or more targeted health programs.” Tools Platform Free or cheap map data
Location tracking Community Participation “The most treasured asset of the poor”.
Obiageli Ezekwesili, AFR VP SMS Birth Registration Rwanda SMS for Nutrition Surveillance Malawi Accountability Transparency Karnataka, India
Following up on service delivery The Results Agenda Geocoding Differently Open
Best from anywhere
Clients as co-creators Closed
We can do it
Clients as recipients FROM TO Souktel Citizen Journalism EPROM: SMS BloodBank TXT Eagle Using GPS cameras to monitor EIRP Asset verification with Mobile Phones esoko in Rwanda People Sparks: Innovation and ICT Across Development Sectors Open Efficient Responsive Community Urban Mapping Replicate, Iterate, Scale Edward Anderson Transparency, Participation, Accountability Game Changing Opportunities Mobile Phones Gordon Moore Code Fellows Code for Africa Water Hackathon Informed Citizens Engaged Government Responsive Services Open Development
Technology Alliance $5,000,000 1992: $74 2012: $20,000 2007 2012 2017 $2,500 $350 $150,000 $1,500 2000 2011 /mo. /mo. (Loudcloud) (Amazon AWS) Cost to run Internet application The future is here. It's just not evenly
distributed yet. " " William Gibson PART 2: The Transformation 6 billion subscriptions worldwide 4.5 billion in the developing world 60 percent of adults in sub-Saharan Africa
have a mobile phone Web 2.0 Mass collaboration changes everything 250,000 2 billion 1996 2010 users users Mass publishing Mass participation WEB 2.0 Geospatial The next 3 billion PART 3: The Networked Model Portfolio Doing Things PART 4: The World Bank Group Define, Convene, Scale Part 1: The Drivers Progress in past 100 years 1. Infinite Computing
2. Sensors & Networks
4. 3D printing
5. Synthetic Biology
6. Digital Medicine
8. Artificial Intelligence Technologies Riding Moore's law Information technologies (of all kinds) double their power - price performance, capacity, bandwidth - every year M-PESA in partnership with Grundfos for rural water provision
04 September 2009, Vodafone Money Transfer news India: Mobile banking and Irrigation Problem: remote irrigation pumps with erratic electrical supply require manual attention.
Challenge: Emerging Markets category of Nokia's Calling All Innovators contest, which awards new mobile applications designed to improve quality of life
Project: mobile phone service to remotely check electricity, and to automatically turn the pump on and off. Developed by Ossian Agro Automation in India, and works in conjunction with Tata Teleservices phones.
5,000 farmers in Maharashtra state have been using Nano Ganesh since 2008. $104 ICT components in Africa (water sector), FY10-12 million 10x Cost of food Cost of electricity Cost of transport Cost of communications 20x 100x 1000x Meta Map Measuring water quality Mazzi Trends Tracking water usage Map the Crap Geo-locating pit latrines Kampala Kampala Bangalore A Regional Civic Tech marketplace and civic coder network