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Patho Concept Map


Nick DiMatteo

on 13 April 2013

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Transcript of Patho Concept Map

COPD O2 saturation, Chest X-ray will show signs of infiltration/ inflammation, Blood gasses will show current respiratory status. Auscultation of lung sounds will reveal ronchi and or wheezing. Diagnostic Includes smoking cessation and education related to reducing symptoms including correct medication administration and appropriate usage, use of supplemental O2 and rest before ADL's to avoid fatigue. Teaching Bronchodialators, including albuterol, Beta 2 agonists relax smooth muscle of bronchi. Anticholonergics reduce mucus production, Corticosteroids reduce inflammation. Medication oxygen therapy can improve oxygen saturation levels, allowing patients with COPD or low oxygen levels to maintain their mobility and increase their ability to complete activities of daily living (ADL), such as exercise, household chores, shopping, etc. Supplemental O2 Treatment Signs and
Symptoms Causes Risk factors Complications COPD usually gradually gets worse over time and can lead to death. The rate at which it gets worse varies among individuals. Acute exacerbation can cause respiratory compromise including distress, leading to respiratory arrest. Age, history of smoking, working in cement factory, genetic that predispose a person to the disease. Smoking accounts for 80% of all diagnosis of COPD, others include occupational exposures, Air pollution, Genetics, Autoimmune disease, or other exposures to any irritate. Neurosensory GI system Musculoskeletal Cardiovascular Integumentary Nervousness,
Fatigue. Altered mentation do to acute hypoxia. Fatigue,
Muscle wasting,
Weakness Poor nutrition do to fatigue and poor apatite. Warm moist skin,
General edema.
Clubbing of fingernails and toe nails. Hypertension,
Tachycardia, Hypertension,
increased cardiac output,
Decreased O2 saturation in blood supply. Nursing Interventions Administer medications as prescribed. D Monitor and record patient’s vital signs, including pulse OX and RR and LS Q4hrs. I Evaluate Blood gasses and report abnormal values. I Pathophysiology Map *Patient Specific= Blue Text
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