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Education Policy 101

briefing for Americorps members on education policy in Ohio
by

Elizabeth Coulter

on 13 November 2012

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Transcript of Education Policy 101

Education Policy 101 Making Policy in Ohio Ohio's Education Policy System: 1. What is the overarching goal?
a. KEEP OHIO'S TALENT IN OHIO
2. What is the goal of this specific legislation?
a. INCREASE THE NUMBER OF OHIO STUDENTS WHO REMAIN IN-STATE TO GO TO COLLEGE
3. What does this mean for Ohio?
a. REDUCE THE COST OF COLLEGE FOR OHIO'S STUDENTS The initial solution?
Give all students more money!

The immediate solution?
Increase enrollment and the awareness of high school dual enrollment programs

How do these to solutions relate?
1. Reduce the total number of years a student must spend in college to finish a degree; which reduces the overall cost of college in Ohio
2. Help students get more interested in college earlier
3. Provide incentives for students to pursue high-demand careers in Ohio's workforce How do we reduce the cost of college
for Ohio's students? 1. Plan, collaborate & analyze:
a. Analysis of existing situation
b. Generation of policy options
c. Evaluation of policy options
d. Making the policy decision

2. Implementation:
a. Recommend follow through (LSC, supporters, advocacy)
b. Policy impact assessment
c. Subsequent policy cycles Public Policy: Desirability:
Who will benefit and who won't?
How will the policy impact economic development?

Feasibility:
Is additional training required?
How long will the implementation take?
Is the policy sustainable?

Affordability:
Fiscal costs
Private costs
Opportunity costs
Public costs How does an idea become policy? State Legislature: enacts the education policies and allocates funding to education

ODE: administers the policy changes, sets strategic directions, and provides services to schools and districts

School Districts: determines policies & procedures to follow; including their teachers & principals; sets curriculum & raises local funds

Ohio State Board of Education: enacts state policy

Ohio Board of Regents: higher education advisory board, appointed by the Governor with the advice & consent of the Senate

Governor & Cabinet: develop a policy agenda to benefit the citizens and the state as a whole BUT HOW?? Who can help influence policies? Students
Parents
Colleges
High school administration, faculty & staff
College administration, faculty & staff
Financial institutions
Non-profit organizations
Government workers & government entities
Opposition groups
Lobbyists and Special Interest Groups

Resources to influence policy:
- programs, people, money etc. Current Ohio Policy Discussions: charter school funding and sponsorship
education technology
accountability measures for teachers & students
state standardized testing (ACT & OGT)
workforce development
college retention
financial support for college students Major Education Legislation in Ohio: Senate Bill 55 (1997): creation of an accountability system for school districts
Senate Bill 215 (1997): established community schools (a.k.a. charter schools)
Senate Bill 1 (2001): Ohio's first academic content standards & new assessments to match standards; expanded school accountability
House Bill 95 (2003): enhanced student opportunities to transfer credit among Ohio's state-assisted colleges & universities; also created a state-of-the-art electronic advisory system enabling students to examine various routes to a college degree
House Bill 364 (2003): gave ODE oversight of community schools
Senate Bill 2 (2004): created the Educator Standards Board and established guidelines for professional development
Senate Bill 66 (2005): created the Educational Choice Scholarship Program to provide vouchers to students in under-performing public schools to attend private schools
House Bill 66 (2005): reduced institutional barriers & unnecessary course duplication by articulating courses that adhere to recognized industry standards 129th General Assembly
Education Policy: House Bill 153: The Biennial Budget; besides balancing an $8 billion dollar shortfall and amending several statewide policies, this added a new teacher evaluation system
Senate Bill 316: The Ohio Education Mid-biennium Budget Review; updates Ohio laws affecting education and workforce development, ranging from improving reading achievement to removing barriers to ensure those who are unemployed obtain the training they need to succeed.
House Bill 525: The Cleveland Plan; providing the Cleveland City Schools with greater flexibility and freedom from state regulations, by eliminating seniority as a primary factor in employment and giving more authority to the Transformation Alliance (a non-profit corporation with a board of directors appointed by the Mayor).
House Bill 555: potential legislation which may change the accountability system for our schools and teachers How can YOU get involved? BE INFORMED & JUST SPUR CONVERSATION Who do you consider influential? 1. Volunteer: with your local College Access Network, schools, educational service center, community centers, libraries - get involved with local children
2. Pay attention to policy discussions & then write or visit your legislators! Questions? Comments Thoughts Reactions Contact Me: Elizabeth Coulter
ecoulter@ohiosenate.gov Resources: Battelle for Kids: http://www.battelleforkids.org/

Board of Regents: https://www.ohiohighered.org/board

United States Department of Education: http://www.ed.gov/

Ohio Department of Education: http://www.ode.state.oh.us

Pell Institute (for the study of opportunity in higher education): http://www.pellinstitute.org/

Ohio Education Matters: http://www.ohioeducationmatters.org/

Ohio College Access Network: http://www.ohiocan.org/

Knowlegde Works: http://knowledgeworks.org/
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