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Language and Gender representation

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Kathryn Huang

on 10 October 2012

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Transcript of Language and Gender representation

Asya and Kathryn Language and Gender
Representation "Gender neutrality/representation in English is a form of linguistic prescriptivism that aims at using a form of English that minimizes assumptions about the gender or biological sex of people referred to in speech" WHAT? "He" Old English
Modern English retains features relating to natural gender, namely the use of certain nouns and pronouns to refer specifically to persons or animals of one or other sex.

Some aspects of this usage have been influenced by the movement towards a preference for gender-neutral language. reference to a group containing men and women, for example French: Vos amis sont arrivés — ils étaient en avance. ("Your friends have arrived — they were early") uses the French masculine plural pronoun "ils" instead of the feminine "elles" but in English both translate to "they".
The use of "he" to refer to a person of unknown gender was prescribed by manuals of style and school textbooks from the early 18th century until around the 1960s, an early example of which is Anne Fisher's 1745 grammar book "A New Grammar".

Historically, there were two gender neutral pronouns native to English dialects, "ou" and "a", but they have long since died out 'Ou will' = he will, she will, or it will "ou" to Middle English epicene "a" which is educed form of the Anglo-Saxon he = "he" and heo = "she" Some British dialects of Modern English (for example "hoo" for "she", in Yorkshire) The customer brought his purchases to the cashier for checkout.
If something is asked, you answer him
When a customer argues, always agree with him.

This may be compared to usage of the word man to humans in general.
"All men are created equal."
"That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind."
"Man cannot live by bread alone."
"This is generated by man-power" Old English had a system of grammatical gender, whereby every noun was treated as either masculine, feminine or neuter. This fell out of use during the Middle English period, starting with the neutral identifier "the". The third-person singular personal pronouns are chosen according to the natural gender of their antecedent or referent. As a general rule:
- she (and her, herself, hers) is used when the referent is a female person, sometimes when it is a female animal, and sometimes when female characteristics are attributed[citation needed] to something inanimate – this is common especially with vessels such as ships and airplanes, and sometimes with countries;

- it (and itself, its) is used when the referent is something inanimate, often when it is an animal, and sometimes for a child when the sex is unspecified.
"Lower" animals are generally referred to using it; "higher" animals may more often be referred to using he and she, when their sex is known. THE END!!! ~Party~ Also;
- widow/widower
- actress/actor
- cow/bull
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