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Appeal to False Authority

Rhetorical Terms Project

Elise McCanless

on 16 October 2012

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Transcript of Appeal to False Authority

Ethical Fallacy:
Appeal to False
Authority Examples from Documented
Sources My Examples First Example Second Example Third Example Documented Example Documented Example Documented Example Documented Definitions Documented Definition Documented Definition Appeals to False Authority
Documented Examples 1. Definition: Often we add srength to our arguments by referring to respected sources of authorities and explaining their positions on the issues we're discussing. If, however, we try to get readers to agree with us simply by impressing them with a famous name or appealing to a supposed authority who really isn't much of an expert, we commit the fallacy of appeal to authority.
"The Writing Center." University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. University of North Carolina, n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2012. <http://writingcenter.unc.edu/ handouts/fallacies/>. Definition: Suggesting that you should listen and follow what someone has to say about something that he or she is in fact not a credible, reliable authority on.
"Logical Fallacies." University of Wisconsin Eau Claire. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2012. <http://www.uwec.edu/ranowlan/logical%20fallacies.html>. "As evidence to support a claim, information
from a named authority is used outside of the
individual's area of expertise, and thus the
evidence is not necessarily credible. The
authority can be misquoted by editing
comments out of context or combining
several quotes to to fit the justification of the
argument. Or the 'expert' may not be an
expert at all."
McGregor, Wayne. "Appeal to False Authority." George Mason University. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2012.<http://mason.gmu.edu/~cmcgloth/portfolio/ fallacies/appealfalse.html>. "ABC News decided they would get to the bottom
of this, since they are an unbiased party in the matter,
went to Columbia University and interviewed liberal
economist Joseph Stiglitz. Only they didn't note that he
is an advocate for leftist economics, just that he's a
'Nobel Peace Prize winner in economics and professor
at Columbia University'. " This is wrong because ABC
News used an authority that was biased toward the side
they were trying to argue. The authority only shows one side of the argument.
Lester, Duane. "Obama Offers False Dilemma, ABC News Appeals To Authority, Who Appeals To Popularity And Offers Leftist Propaganda." All American Blogger. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2012. <http://www.allamericanblogger.com/17509/ obama-offers-false-dilemma-abc-news-appeals-to-authority-who-appeals-to-popularit y-and-offers-leftist-propaganda/>. "The eponymous Paul Newman whose likeness
adorns the bottle is an A-List actor. Just amazing,
maybe one of the best! But does that greatness make
him an expert on producing salad dressing and the dozens
of other products put out by this company? No. They are
relying on your faulty reasoning to make the leap of expert
in one field to authority in another." This example shows
that celebrities are often used for credit where it is not due.
Helms, Julie. "Developing Critical Thinking Skills: Faulty Appeal to Authority." Self Reliance Works. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2012. <http://www.self-reliance-works.com/2011/10/ developing-critical-thinking-skills-faulty-appeal-to-authority/>. "7 in 10 doctors say acupuncture works, therefore
it must work" People assume because of this statistic
acupuncture must be effective. Doctors are supposed to
be experts in the medical field, but just because they say
this evidence is still necessary to support facts.
"Bandwagon Fallacy." Logical and Critical Thinking with Professor Logic. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2012. <http://logical-critical-thinking.com/ logical-fallacy/bandwagon-fallacy/> "Principal Stevens must be right that broccoli is good
for you. Because he is the principal, he must know
everything that is good for students." "I eat an apple every day because the lady in the
cafeteria told me it was good too. Because she is around
food so much, she must know." "Oprah said on her talk show that I should buy
'The Perks of Being a Wallflower', so it has to be a
good book." My Own Definition When someone, or a group of people, rely on someone who is an expert in one field to defend their argument in a completely separate field. Also, someone may use an expert on only one side of the argument to give "general information", making the information biased.
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