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A summary and some examples of the fishing industry around the world.


on 8 January 2013

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Transcript of Fishing

Fishing: An Industry in Crisis Introduction to Fishing in Canada: - Ocean fishing is Canada's oldest industry - Commercial Fishing makes up only about 0.1% of the total value of Canada's economy - Commercial fishing occurs on the east and west coast in the large freshwater lakes - Ocean fish caught by canadians are: ground fish (bottom feeders), pelagic fish (open-water feeders), and shellfish - Canada is one of the worlds leading exporters of fish - 2004 Canada's export of fish: $4.4 billion and Canada's import of fish: $2.0 billion - Canada's most important markets of fish are: USA, Western Europe, and the countries of the Pacific Rim (particularly Japan) The East Coast Fishery - The ocean waters off the east coast of Canada were one of the worlds greatest fishing grounds.
- The largest and best known fishery region in the east coast is the Grand Banks.
- The east coast fishing grounds are home to inshore fishing and offshore fishing Crisis in the East Coast Fishery - In the 1980's people in the east coast noticed that they were catching fewer and smaller fish

- The Canadian Government responded to the collapsing of the cod fishery by halting all fishing for the northern cod and making cuts in the catches.

- The fishing industry started to responded by diversifying its catch when the scientists,government, and the fishing industry expected that fish population will recover in 5 years but that did not happen. Why The East Coast Fishery Collapsed - Overfishing -The catch only allowed by the federal government each year appears to have been too high
- Improved fishing technology- After WW2,larger,more powerful,engine-driven trawlers were developed
-Uncontrolled Foreign Fishing - By the 1960s,the fishing fleets of countries such as Russia and Japan caught more fish
- Destructive Fishing - When trawlers were trying to catch on kind of fish
-Changes in Natural Conditions- Changes in the environment have been blamed for decline in the fish stoke The West Coast Fishery -Located in the Pacific Ocean
-Biggest in fishery Canada
-Fish caught here: salmon, herring, halibut, cod, crab, tuna, shrimp, and oysters. Commercial Fishing Industry- Catch and sell fish for "commercial profit". They make and keep the money in their business and the fish are sold for food in grocery stores. Sport Fishing Industry- Catch fish for a sport or game. Fishing licenses are sold and
anyone with a license may go fishing in the fishery and keep
the fish they catch. Aboriginal Peoples- Catch fish because they live of the land and they have a fare
land share in Canada. Reasons The West Coast Fishery is
Collapsing -Over fishing
-Changes in the environment that threaten the fishes' habitats Japanese Fishing Industry Japan and Their Fish Blue Fin and Eel Crisis Whale Hunting Japan devours seven-tenths of the global eel catch. Like the Bluefin Tuna, the Eel has been overfished enough to be considered for the endangered species list. The Eel only spawns once in a lifetime and researchers do not know enough about eels to create fishing farms. Japan prefers the Bluefin Tuna over other types of fish. In fact a few years ago a bluefin was auctioned off in Tokyo for 9.6 million yen! That is the equivalent of $105, 000. However the global number of wild tuna has decreased in recent years. Striving to keep the wild numbers up fish farms have been created. A company example would be Umami Sustainable Seafoods. Japan eats more fish than any other developed country, counting for 23% of their daily protein.
Japan has a very large fishing industry accounting for approximately 8% of the World's catch.
Tokyo's Tsujiki is the world's largest fish market
In Fact Japan captures about 6 million fish a year, however in previous years even more fish was caught.
However the argument that Japan has been catching more than their share has been a recent topic. Japan is still commercial whale hunting. Commercial hunting could lead to extinction of 5 out of 13 whale species. Whale harpoooners kill and capture whales by ejecting sharp harpoons into the whale. The tip then explodes inside the whale. This is not an instant death, it could take 2 - 3 harpoons to kill one whale. 50% of the whales Japanese fleets killed were pregnant. "It horrifies Australians to know that pregnant humpback whales breeding in the warm waters off Australia this winter will be targeted by the Japanese hunters in Antarctic waters this Christmas." says the Humane Society International Conclusion Japan large fish industry is not the only one to blame for the decreasing fish population. However they must limit some of their catch numbers especially for endangered species. The tsunami had hit Japan's fishing industry hard and fish may contain radioactive particles in the future. All countries must take action to protect our aquatic life. China's Fishing Industry An industry in crisis - China's fishing industry accounts for 26.2% of
the total fishery and export value - In 2005, Chinas GDP of fisheries was US $45.9
billion - The East China Sea, known for its fishery is now
dwindling due to pollution and overfishing Gross Value of Outputs ($0'00)
Commercial sea and fresh water fisheries landing 1,699,417
Aquaculture production 800,736
Seafood product production prep & packaging 3,931,465

Employment (Number of people)
Commercial fish harvesters and crew 45,069
Aquaculture operations 3,700
Sea food Product prep & packaging 27,464 2009 Statistics of Canada -Lack of "salmon fishing treaty"
(disputes between Canada and U.S.A.) Fresh Water Fisheries -Located: Great lakes, lake Winnipeg,
Great Slave lake, around 600 smaller lakes

-Less important to the Canadian economy

-Important to the economies of the communities
these lakes are located in.

-Sport fishing brings more money into the
economy, in these areas Pollution A major problem that is deteriorating
China's supplies -There are 3 types of pollution that affects China's Seas -The first one is from industrial waste that pollutes the water
with nitrates, phosphates, and heavy metals - The second type is pesticides that is washed off farmlands
by the rain - The third type is untreated sewage that gets dumped into
the sea Solutions Its not to late to fix this problem - During the months of May 16- August 1 China has now made a law that offshore fishing is strictly prohibited in order for the fishes to spawn during the reproducing season - China has a handful of biologists that are studying the habitats of
the fish in China's Seas - More marine conservation areas are made in response to China's decline of fishing resources - Fishing communities and businesses are currently working
on a new technology for deep-sea fishing Conclusion China has one of the top fishing industries
with one of the highest amount of fishing
resources in the world. Although that is
the case, China must learn to also sustain
their resources in order prevent the supplies from degrading. Tsunami hits Fishing Industry The tsunami destroyed the fishing boats, harbours, processing plants, and lively Japanese fishing industry.
Radioactive particles from the earthquake and tsunami have settled at the bottom of the ocean possibly contaminating fish
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