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Pre Islamic Revolution Iranian Society

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by

Sarah Schneider

on 19 April 2011

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Transcript of Pre Islamic Revolution Iranian Society

Pre Islamic Revolution Iranian society. By: Brian Plazzo, Caroline Britton, Kaitlyn Evangelous, and Sarah Schneider Family father figure: The father or the husband is the head of the family or household. Patriarchy, a social system where the male is the head of the house and holds authority over women, children, and property. This father figure has jurisdiction over what the children study and over how they act. children: Iranian culture is adult oriented with the parents involved in making major decisions for their children such as whom they should marry and what profession they should have. Schooling Clothing Mens' status Womens' status home life:
Families are very extended and closely knit. They often live very close to other family members, sometimes even in the same house. Parents, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and all their children would often live in a big house togther. An Iranian home is one where any room except for a room used for cooking can be used for any social purpose. For instance a cloth could be spread on the floor for dining purposes and after dinner could be replaced with a mattress, therefore making the room a bedroom. Religion/ Ritiuals Politics Religious Festivities relation with other countries:
At this time Iran had relations with the United States of America, The Soviet Union, Great Britian, and North Korea. They weren't allied very strong and did not depend on other countries. Men's class in society was determined by their money.
Men were regarded as leaders in their households and among other men. The practice of patriarchy was also held in high account among Iranians who believed that the men hold power over their households, children, and the poorer people in Iran. Primary, Secondary, High Schools, and Universities were co-ed, which means that both boys and girls when to school together through all school levels. Women:
Women worn a chador, a semicircular piece of dark cloth that is wrapped expertly around the body and the head, and gathered at the chin. It affords a degree of privacy because of letting you wear virtually anything under it but is restrictive because it must be held shut with a hand or in some cases, teeth. Men: Men wore long pants and closed, long, collared shirts or long T-shirts. Tight pants, shorts, short-sleeved shirts, and open collars are prohibited. women in politics:
Several women have held high-ranking posts in the government or parliament including ministers or ambassadors to other countries. Farrokhroo Parsa was the first woman to be appointed Minister of Education in 1968 and Mahnaz Afkhami was appointed Minister for Women's Affairs in 1976. Farrokhroo Parsa food: Iranians enjoy subtle flavors of food centered around fresh fruits, greens, vegetables, and meat, usually lamb, goat, or chicken, is used as a sort of a condiment. Rice and unleavened bread are food staples in Iran while black tea is the primary beverage. Ramadan: This Islamic month of feasting has been an Iranian tradition even before the Islamic Revolution. In this month Iranians fast from daybreak to sunset. They use this month to clean and renovate. Women who are going to get married in the next year spend this month sewing 40 long skirts and 40 long pants for their new life with their husbands. Ramadan is also a time of friendship where people try to forget hatred and invite their relatives and friends over. Women, who were originally only the mothers or house keepers were given the right to vote in 1963 and had attended universities since 1937. Women have always had a strong role in Iranian life, but it has rarely been a strong role. Women don't often work in Iran but they are rarely prohibited from any specific professions. Iran was a nominal constitutional monarchy before the Islamic Revolution. a second grade class in 1973 New Year's celebration: The first meal of the new year is often a sacred one where fish and a salad of greens are eaten and a sweet pudding made of wheat is made, but rarely eaten. Rituals of Birth For Iranians, having children is regarded a blessing
and a very important life task to be accomplished by
married couples. All major religions in the area have
recommended having children.
Traditionally boys have always been preferred over girls. Documents from the Achaemenid archives indicate that mothers with baby boys were given two times more rations than mothers with newborn girls. Even the midwife or the physician delivering baby boys was paid twice as much in terms of rations and wages. Quite often the gender of the newborn would decide the status and position
of the mother in the household, especially if the husband had more than one wife. women at a university poster found in Iran during the month of Ramadan
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