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Jefferson Alters the Nation's Course

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Joe Cota

on 20 November 2018

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Transcript of Jefferson Alters the Nation's Course

Election of 1800

John Adams
(Federalist) was seen as
a tool of the rich to Democratic-Republicans

Thomas Jefferson
(Democratic-Republicans) was seen as a dangerous revolutionary and an atheist bent on destroying organized religion
Cumberland Gap/Wilderness Road
Lewis and Clark
Napoleon Bonaparte
Louisiana Purchase
Indian Removal Act
The Reign of Terror September 5, 1793 – July 28, 1794
Max Robespierre
The storming of the Bastille occurred in Paris, France on the morning of July 14, 1789. The medieval fortress and prison in Paris known as the Bastille represented royal authority in the center of Paris. While the prison only contained seven inmates at the time of its storming, its fall was the flashpoint of the French Revolution. In France, July 14th is a public holiday, formally known as the Fête de la Fédération (Federation Holiday). It is usually called Bastille Day in English.
Marie Antionette Oct 1793
For questions 1-4, on a scale of 0-5 (5 would be the highest rating), answer the following questions on the note cards.
1. Did you like seeing the visuals that went with this discussion?
2. Do you think you were more engaged in the discussion on the
XYZ Affair
because of the addition of the video clips?
Do you think you were more engaged in the discussion on the
John Adams Presidency
because of the addition of the video clips?
Do you think you were more engaged in the discussion on the
The War of 1812
because of the addition of the video clips?
5. For this question I want you to add a written response as to why you answered the way you did in #s 1-4. Do you feel that you have a better understanding of the material when there is a visual presentation that goes along with the other class activities? Why?
Hamilton vs. Burr
Hamilton and Burr Duel
1800 Jefferson wins the Presidency
- Hamilton swayed the House to vote Jefferson
1804 Burr dumped as Jefferson's running mate
for Governor Clinton of New York
1804 Governor's Race in New York
Hamilton uses his influence
in New York to have
Burr defeated
in the election.

July 11th, 1804
Burr and Hamilton duel. Burr wins.

Essex Junto - a radical group of federalists that support a break in the Union and want Burr to be part of the plan. They had supported Burr's plan to get him elected in New York.

Governor Wilkinson of Louisianna plots a plan of westen empire with Burr. Wilkinson turns Burr in.

Burr is up on treason charges
(and this time actually goes to court).

Burr flees to France and tries to convince Napoleon to invade the United States

After five years in France Burr returned to New York in 1812 and finally died in 1836

July 11, 1804 Hamilton and Burr duel. Burr wins.
In the Detail:
As for Aaron Burr, after the duel with Hamilton ...

He had joined a radical group of Federalists (called the Essex Junto) that support a break in the Union and want Burr to be part of the plan. They had supported Burr's political machine to get him elected governor of New York.
Governor Wilkinson of Louisiana
plots a plan of western empire with Burr.
Wilkinson turns Burr in.
Burr is up on charges of treason
Burr flees and at one point tries to convince Napoleon to invade the United States. He lived abroad from 1808 to 1812.
Aaron Burr returned to New York in 1812 and finally died in 1836 - 32 years after killing former Secretary of State Alexander Hamilton.
Napoleon Bonaparte was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe. As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1815
In 1807 Burr was brought to trial before the United States Circuit Court at Richmond, Virginia. His defense lawyers included Edmund Randolph. The grand jury was presented a so-called letter, from Burr, which proposed the idea of stealing land in the Louisiana Purchase. During the Jury's examination it was discovered that the letter was written in Wilkinson's own handwriting – a "copy," he said, because he had "lost" the original.
The Grand Jury threw the letter out, and the news made a laughingstock of the General.
Burr was acquitted on the charges of treason.

Starter - John Adams tried to silence his critics with the Alien and Sedition Acts? Criticisms of President Adams could have led to deportation, prison, and fines. However, our 1st Amendment gives us the freedom of speech and press. This includes our right to criticize others - including our government. Articles, from papers like
The Onion
, a Madison (WI) founded paper,
are popular for their made up stories....
Reflection Question:
All of this being said when is it okay to criticize someone or even intentionally hurt someones personal reputation? Can you ever threaten somebody? The President?
Should this be illegal?
Ender -
What is the best part of Thanksgiving?
no school
see relatives
Have a great Thanksgiving!
Burr was never tried for the illegal duel and the charges were eventually dropped. However, that's just the beginning of the eventful twists with Aaron Burr.
Toussaint Louverture
Pike's Peak (Colorado) 14,114 feet
Zebulon Pike
Daniel Boone
Napoleon Bonaparte

Date - 11/13
Starter - Support France?

Should we support the French in their war against the British?

Justifying the Louisiana Purchase

Hamilton was a staunch supporter of a strong central government.
While a National Bank was not expressly mentioned in the Constitution, Hamilton
the elastic clause (Art I., Sect. 8, Clause 18) gave the government the power to create
such a body.
Jefferson completely disagreed
. He felt that all powers given to the National Government were enumerated. If they were not expressly mentioned in the Constitution then they were reserved to the states.

Jefferson's Compromise

How does this relate to the Louisiana Purchase? By completing this purchase,
Jefferson had to put aside his principles
because the allowance for this type of transaction was not expressly listed in the Constitution. However, waiting for a Constitutional amendment might cause the deal to fall through. Therefore, Jefferson
decided to go through with the purchase
. Luckily, the people of the United States basically agreed that this was an
excellent move.

Other stories are real...at least in part...

Lewis and Clark
Full transcript