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Transcript of Climate Change
What climate change
Climate change is defined as “a change in global or regional climate patterns.”(Online dictionary) and includes global warming. Over the last 200 years due to rapid deforestation and increased use of fossil fuels for manufacturing, to run vehicles, and private use the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has increased by 25%. This causes the greenhouse effect which is where the heat from the sun is trapped in Earths’ lower atmosphere. This heat is melting ice caps, raising the sea level and causing the oceans temperatures to rise.
Climate change has the power to effect all living things on the earth.
Climate change graphs and maps!
Graph number 1 shows the increase of temperature around the globe. You can quite easily see that in 40 years the global temperature increased greatly.
Graph number 2 shows a large increase of temperature in the ocean over the last 55 years.
Map 1 shows which countries tempertaure has risen the most. the red and dark orange countries are the ones that have the highest temperature and the light yellow and green countries have a lower temperature.
Map 2 shows a prediction of the weather conditions around the world in 2030-2039.
Graphs and maps!
How does climate change affect Uganda
Uganda is country that is greatly affected by climate change. They are affected by increasing temperatures, heat waves, droughts, floods and storms. Uganda is a rural country which greatly depends on rain fed agriculture. The climate change coming in the next century will increase the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events. In particular, this will result in food insecurity, the spread of diseases like malaria, soil erosion and land degradation which can cause lower productivity of agriculture and natural resources.
How does climate change affect the Cook Islands
The Cook Islands are affected by climate change mainly because of the rising sea level which in the next ten years is predicted to rise by more than 4 centimeters. This has resulted in harsh weather such as cyclones and floods.
Deyna Marsh, Education and Awareness Coordinator for the Cook Islands National Environment Services said “Changes are already happening. Sea levels are rising all around the Pacific. If nothing is done now, we will lose our Islands, our traditions, our culture. Buildings and infrastructure on the foreshore will be lost or damaged, and both food security and the health of the people will be affected.”
The rising sea levels are affecting the Cook Islands pearl industry and tourism.
Anyone using nonrenewable resources, burning fossil fuels or contributing to global warming.
Climate change is linked to increased manufacturing goods (and food), increased use of fossil fuels and emissions throughout the world. Fossil fuels: oil, natural gas, and coal are required on a daily basis to generate electricity and provide transport for growing populations. The west as well as developing nations have an appetite for new, single use and disposable goods which contributes to the destructive cycle.
Therefore a global plan is needed to reduce carbon emissions, increase renewable energy production, drastically reduce over-consumption and waste. As well as management of our precious resources from forests to the sea, and all fresh water sources.
Things we can do:
We can increase the amount of safe well-lit bike tracks and walking tracks around our local area, increase public transport, recycle and upcycle more, stop cutting down trees, educate kids and restrict single use items such as plastic bags.
How would this help?
Having bike tracks, walking tracks and public transport decreases the use of cars which pollute the air. Recycling (converting into reusable material) and upcycling (reusing products and creating something of better value or quality) are great ways to help reduce the amount of waste. We need to stop cutting down trees because trees are our number one source of oxygen, trees turn carbon dioxide into clean fresh air that we breathe. Reducing the use of plastic bags and single use items and educating kids in schools when they are young about global issues such as climate change results in them growing up knowing about how to reuse products and can help keep the Earth clean and green.