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Germs

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by

Andrea Danysh

on 10 September 2014

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Transcript of Germs

GERMS
Germs are tiny organisms (living things) that may cause illness or disease. Germs are so small and sneaky that they creep into our body without being noticed. In fact, germs are so tiny that you need to use a microscope to see them. We don't know what hit us until we have symptoms (runny nose, cough, sore throat, fever, etc.) that let us know we've been attacked!
What are Germs?
Germs are microbes. A microbe is a tiny living organism that can only be seen with a microscope. Microbes are the smallest form of life on Earth. Microbes can be found virtually anywhere - in air, water, plants, animals and humans. A Germ is a microorganism that causes disease. Germs are also known as pathogens.
We could not digest our food without microbes.
Garbage would not decay without microbes.
Plants would not grow without microbes.
The gas we pass is caused by bacteria in our intestines.
Without microbes there would be no life on earth.
REMEMBER

- ALL microbes are NOT Germs!
What is a Communicable Disease?
Any illness or disease that can spread from person to person through direct or indirect contact.
WHAT ARE WAYS GERMS ARE TRANSFERRED?
SNEEZING
Coughing
Sharing Food and Drinks
SHAKING HANDS
EATING CONTAMINATED FOOD
5 Types of Germs
Bacteria
Viruses
Fungi
Protozoa
Helminth
WHAT ARE WAYS WE CAN PREVENT THE TRANSMISSION AND SPREAD OF GERMS?
DON’T SHARE FOOD AND DRINKS
WASH HANDS!! USE SANITIZER
COVER MOUTH/NOSE WHEN YOU SNEEZE
COOK FOOD THOROUGHLY
REPLACE/CLEAN SPONGES AND TOWELS REGULARLY
Mrs. Danysh
Health Education
Protozoa
These one-celled organisms love moisture and often spread diseases through water. Some are parasites and need to live in other organisms.
Illnesses they can cause:
Intestinal Infections leading to diarrhea, nausea and stomach pain (protozoa cause malaria and dysentery)
Fungi
These include yeasts, mushrooms, and molds. Unlike other plants, fungi don’t draw nourishment from soil, water, and air. Instead, they feed on plants, people, and animals. They love damp, warm places.
Illnesses they can cause:
Yeast infections; including some forms of diaper rash; athlete’s foot; ringworm; oral thrush; fungal nail infections
Illnesses they can cause:
Colds and flu; pneumonia; mononucleosis; viral meningitis; most coughs and sore throats; warts; chickenpox; measles; polio
The smallest of the microbes, viruses need to be in or on a living thing (plant, animal, or human) to grow and reproduce. They travel on air currents or body fluids. Virus particles can survive on surfaces for days and only a few are needed to infect someone.
Virus
(responsible for most childhood diseases )
Bacteria
One–celled organisms that can live and reproduce in or outside of the body. They multiply by subdividing. Less than 1% of all bacteria cause illness, but when infectious bacteria enters the body, they reproduce rapidly.
Illnesses they can cause:
Cavities; Pneumonia; Ear Infections; Bacterial Meningitis; Sinus Infections; Strep Throat; Urinary Tract Infections
Tiny parasitic animals including pinworms and tapeworms.
Illnesses they can cause:
Intestinal Infections
Helminth
http://www.germsaway.ca/home.html
Germs Away Game
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