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BROWN VS. BOARD OF EDUCATION
Transcript of BROWN VS. BOARD OF EDUCATION
Emily M., Lauren C., Mai S.
" Never, never be afraid to do what's right, especially if the well being of a person or animal is at stake. Society's punishments are smalled compared to the wounds we inflict on our soul when we look the other way"
- Martin Luther King Jr.
Who were the major players or participants?
Changes that came about as a result
What do you think school would be like now, if it was still segregated?
Murphy, Bruce. "Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka" World Book Encyclopedia. Vol. B-2. page 645
Kosof, Byanna. "The Civil Rights Movement and its Legacy". Franklin Watts, 1989
Hermann, Spring. "The Struggle for Equality" New Jersey: Enslow Publishers, 2006
"History of Brown v. Board of Education ." uscourts.gov. N.p.. Web. 11 Nov 2013. <http://www.uscourts.gov/educational-resources/get-involved/federal-court-activities/brown-board-education-re-enactment/history.asp&xgt;.
"People & Events: Brown v. Board of Education (1954) ." pbs.org. WGBH Educational Foundation. Web. 11 Nov 2013. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/till/peopleevents/e_brown.html>.
How is this event representative of the provided quote?
Brown et al v. Board of Education of Topeka, Shawnee County, Kansas was the full name of the case, in which the Supreme court had declared that segregation in public schools were unconstitutional.The case was actually the name given to five separate cases dealing with the same issue: Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Briggs v. Elliot, Davis v. Board of Education of Prince Edward County (VA.), Boiling v. Sharpe, and Gebhart v. Ethel.
The quote means that you shouldn't look away from the wrongdoings that are committed in the world. It relates to Brown vs Board because blacks were determined to demand for equal educational rights instead of keeping themselves segregated and unable to get a good education.
Charles H. Houstan
An African American railroad worker who sued the Topeka Board of Education for not accepting his daughter to an all- whites school.
Linda was Oliver Brown's daughter. She was not allowed into an all- white school. She faced long commute to school everyday.
Thurgood Marshall questioned the "separate but equal" rule, by saying that segregation harms minority students by "making them feel inferior and thus interfering with their ability to learn".
He later became the first African American to serve in the supreme court.
Houstan was one of the two lead attorneys on the Brown vs Board of Education.
The National Association for the Advancements of Colored People used the Brown case and relative cases to challenge the "separate but equal" rule.
The Supreme Court
The court declared that segregated public schools could never be equal, and that it violated the 14th Amendment.
Did the changes that were made fall short of the intended goal?
No because the intended goal was to get schools integrated and have equal educational rights, and by winning the case civil rights movement, it hit a huge milestone in helping with the of the civil rights movement.
Blacks and white schools were integrated. However, there were still some problems left:
Blacks got bullied and teased and not much was done about it
Whites got upset, some refused to go to school with blacks. Some threatened blacks with lynches and death threats
Segregation in public schools were declared unconstitutional.
Schools were integrated.
In a lot of other cases, courts used the same principles of the "Brown" decision to desegregate public facilities other than school.
In the original Brown case, Oliver Brown, an African American railroad worker sued the Topeka Board of Education for not accepting his daughter, Linda Brown, to attend an all- white school. There were also many other suits by black parents for their children's education.When this case and four other cases were brought to the Supreme court, Thurgood Marshall argued that segregation in public schools was unequal and violated legal rights for the equality of everyone. On May 14, 1954, the Supreme court ruled segregation was unconstitutional.
What do you know already about Brown vs. Board of Education?