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Introducing the Future of Air Navigation Systems

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by

Yamen Omar

on 20 March 2014

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Transcript of Introducing the Future of Air Navigation Systems

Introducing the Future of Air Navigation Systems
Introduced by NATS in Jan 2012
Compares perfect and actual routes
3Di metric
Introduction
Expected air traffic growth
Solution
Introduction
Expected air traffic growth
Major Problems
FANS
In 1983 the ICAO (international civil aviation organisation) established the special committee on the Future Air Navigation Systems
It is a set of  avionics systems which provide direct data link communication between the pilot and the air traffic controllers. The communications include air traffic control clearances, pilot requests and position reporting.
FANS Concept was developed by both Boeing and Airbus
FANS 1 and FANS 2
- Developed by boeing
- 15 airlines have purchased 350 ship-sets of FANS 1 upgrades for the 747-400. The 777 includes FANS 1 as a basic feature
- Boeing planning to meet 2nd generation FANS
FANS A and FANS B
- FANS A developed for A340 and A330
- Airbus ICAO compliant product for the A320 family is known as FANS-B
FANS 1/A
- Combination of Boeing and Airbus products
- Both the new Airbus A380 and Boeing 787 have FANS-1/A capability
FANS Packages
Efficiency
Unmanned flying
SESAR
BAE
Already in test phase.
Test Bed
Test phase
1. Weather Systems
Test phase
1. Weather Systems
2. TAS&TCAS
Test phase
1. Weather Systems
2. TAS&TCAS
3. Emergency Landing
Test phase
1. Weather Systems
2. TAS&TCAS
3. Emergency Landing
4. Controlled Air Space
Area Navigation/Required Navigation Performance
RNAV/RNP
RNAV is the next step after beacon navigation
Vectors to plot a course within a pre-defined area
Reduction in vertical and horizontal separation
Increased Air Space efficiency
Direct Routes
Parallel or Dual Routes
Bypass Routes
Created by the Indian government.
Is a satellite based augmentation system.
It has three networking segments space, ground and user.
ODICIS 2020
ADS-B
Benefits
It improves signal accuracy, availability and integrity of a GPS signal.
ADS-B is a replacement for typical SSR (radar) surveillance for aircraft
Unlike radar using ground beacons, ADS-B use GNSS to locate its position and automatically report an aircrafts status to other transceivers.
ADS-B is able to pass data directly between any transceiver whether that being to another aircraft, satellite or ground station.
Reduced costs
Safe
Easy to manage
To be introduced in 2014
Reduced fuel burn
CO2
Costs
Man hours
Reference
www.NATS.aero
www.SESAR.eu
www.gpsworld.com
www.gsa.europa.eu
www.ADS-B.com
www.edition.cnn.com
www.thalesgroup.com
www.BAEsystems.com
www.ICAO.int
MEMS
Micro-Electro-Mechanical-Systems
Acceleration
Tilt
Rotation
Vibration
Shock
Multiple degrees of freedom.
Position/Orientation
Measures:
MEMS
Used along - side GPS
Different MEMS sensors are now starting to be integrated into a single integrated circuit (IC), which can be linked to other systems, i.e. GPS.
Aimed at low cost market This technology is still rapidly being improved upon.
i4D
Smart take-off
Taxi guidance
Full transcript