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What is Anorexia?
Transcript of What is Anorexia?
Anorexia is a complex eating disorder with three key features:
Refusal to maintain a healthy body weight.
An intense fear of gaining weight.
A distorted body image.
What Causes Anorexia Nervosa?
Women in the U.S. are under constant pressure to fit a certain ideal of beauty. Seeing images of thin females everywhere makes it hard for women to feel good about their bodies. Women are also feeling pressure to have a perfect body
If you have a mother or sister with anorexia, you are more likely to develop the disorder as well .
Life changes or stressful events:
Traumatic events (like rape) as well as stressful things (like starting a new job), can lead to the onset of anorexia.
Someone with anorexia may not like her or himself, hate the way she or he looks, or feel hopeless. She or he often sets hard-to-reach goals for her or himself and tries to be perfect in every way.
Genes, hormones and chemicals in the brain may be factors in developing anorexia.
Difficulty expressing feelings.
Troubled family relationships.
History of physical or sexual abuse.
Family history of eating disorders.
Symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa
Having an intense fear of gaining weight.
Low blood pressure.
Constipation and slow emptying of the stomach.
Feeling cold, with a lower-than-normal body temperature.
Exercising too much.
Thinning hair, dry skin and brittle nails.
Have not had a period for three or more cycles (in women).
Loss of bone strength.
Refuse to keep weight at what is considered normal for her age and height.
In the United States, approximately 86 deaths in 100,000 among 15 to 24 year olds are attributed to Anorexia Nervosa about five times more than what is expected among people in that age group.
The suicide risk among individuals with Anorexia Nervosa is approximately 32 times that of the general population.
Total number of people with Anorexia is 8 million.
Women with an eating disorder is 7 million.
Men - 1 million get this disorder.
Types of Anorexia Nervosa
There are two types of Anorexia. In the
of anorexia, weight loss is achieved by restricting calories (following drastic diets, fasting, and exercising to excess).
of anorexia, weight loss is achieved by vomiting or using laxatives and diuretics.
Restoring a healthy weight.
There are no medicines to treat Anorexia Nervosa but if you are depressed or anxious, your doctor may prescribe an antidepressant medicine.
Diagnosis and Testing
Physical Exam- measuring your height weight, checking vital signs
Laboratory Test- includes a complete blood count.
Psychological evaluation- Doctor or mental provider will ask about your thoughts, feelings, eating habits
Other studies such as X-Rays, Electrocardiograms, and Bone density testing.
By: Jessica Coyotl
High Self Esteem
Positive body image
Critical Processing of media images.
Being self-directed and assertive.
Good social skills with success at performing multiple social roles.
Problem solving and coping skills.
Family Protective Factors
Belonging to a family that does not overemphasis weight and physical attractiveness.
Eating regular meals with the family.
Belonging to a less westernised culture that accepts a range of body shapes and sizes.
Involvement with sport or industry where there is no emphasis on physical attractiveness or thinness.
Peer or social support structures and relationships where weight and physical appearance are not of high concern.
“There is no magic cure, no making it all go away forever. There are only small steps upward; an easier day, an unexpected laugh, a mirror that doesn't matter anymore.”
― -Laurie Halse Anderson, Wintergirls