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Multicultural Perspectives and Diversity Issues

CBB: Frida Alvear, Haddush Fassaha, Lian Pasimio, Abebe Yosef

Frida Alvear

on 24 September 2012

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Transcript of Multicultural Perspectives and Diversity Issues

Frida Alvear, Haddush Fassaha, Lian Pasimio, & Abebe Yosef Multicultural Perspectives and Diversity Issues Part I
Define Key Terms
Small Group Discussion: Cultural Assumptions
Identities and Privilege Continuum
Part II
Case Scenarios
Ethics Codes & Multicultural Competencies
Feedback Agenda Understand and examine our identities in relation to one another, our clients, and society
Examine our cultural values and assumptions in therapy
Examine ethics codes from a diversity and social justice perspective
Critically examine what is involved in developing multicultural competence Learning Objectives In small groups, discuss the following:

Group 1: What is multiculturalism and in what ways does it influence the counseling process?
Group 2: What is cultural pluralism and what is its relevance in counseling?
Group 3: Why is multiculturalism in counseling important? Small Group Discussions Multiculturalism Cultural Pluralism Multicultural Counseling Get into Triads with one person
from each practicum.

Each person will get to be in each
role for 10 minutes with 5 minutes
for feedback. Triads Triads 1. Psychologists are encouraged to recognize that, as cultural beings, they may hold attitudes and beliefs that can detrimentally influence their perceptions of and interactions with individuals who are ethnically and racially different from themselves. (p. 382)

2. Psychologists are encouraged to recognize the importance of multicultural sensitivity/responsiveness to, knowledge of, and understanding about ethnically and racially different individuals. (p. 385)

3. As educators, psychologists are encouraged to employ
the constructs of multiculturalism and diversity in
psychological education. (p. 386) Ethics Codes Guidelines on Multicultural Education, Training, Research, Practice, and Organizational Change for Psychologists (APA, 2003a) Group Processing 4. Culturally sensitive psychological researchers are encouraged to recognize the importance of conducting culture-centered and ethical psychological research among persons from ethnic, linguistic, and racial minority backgrounds. (p. 388)

5. Psychologists are encouraged to apply culturally appropriate skills in clinical and other applied psychological practices. (p. 390)

6. Psychologists are encouraged to use organizational change
processes to support culturally informed organizational
(policy) development and practices. (p. 392) Ethics Codes Guidelines on Multicultural Education, Training, Research,
Practice, and Organizational Change for Psychologists (APA, 2003a) counselor observer client SDSU Community-Based Block Program 2012-2013 Cultural Assumptions Culture-centered Counseling "...pertains to therapists’ awareness of clients’ worldviews, which are acknowledged in relation to therapists’ awareness of their own personal biases (Pedersen, Crethar, & Carlson, 2008; Roysircar, 2004). The Scale of Ethnocultural Empathy measures empathy from a cultural perspective in the client–counselor relationship (see Wang et al., 2003)."

- Corey, Corey, Corey, and Callanan Cultural Empathy Cultural Diversity Competence
As a client, please respond to one of the following prompts:
Describe a time when you experienced silencing/ prejudice/discrimination.
Describe a time when you experienced
privilege. Case Scenarios In small groups, analyze the following cases:

Group 1: The case of Myrna and Rose
Group 2: The case of Claudine
Group 3: The case of Talib
Group 4: The case of Lee Case Scenarios Group Processing "...is a three-stage developmental sequence, from multicultural awareness to knowledge and comprehension to skills and applications. The individual’s or group’s culture plays a central role in understanding their behavior in context (Pedersen, 2000)."

- Corey, Corey, Corey, and Callanan "...refers to a practitioner’s level of awareness, knowledge, and interpersonal skill when working with individuals from diverse backgrounds. "

- Corey, Corey, Corey, and Callanan "...is a perspective that recognizes the complexity of cultures and values the diversity of beliefs and values."

- Corey, Corey, Corey, and Callanan "...is a generic term that indicates any relationship between and within two or more diverse groups. A multicultural perspective takes into consideration the specific values, beliefs, and actions influenced by a client’s ethnicity, gender, religion, socioeconomic status, political views, sexual orientation, physical abilities, geographic region, and historical experiences with the dominant culture. Multiculturalism provides a conceptual framework that recognizes the complex diversity of a pluralistic society, while at the same time suggesting bridges of shared concern that bind culturally different individuals to one another (Pedersen, 1991, 2000)."

- Corey, Corey, Corey, and Callanan In small groups, reflect on the statements on the worksheet.

Some guiding questions:
To what extent do you agree/disagree with the statements.
What are your assumptions that are likely to influence the manner in which you counsel others?
What are your assumptions pertaining to self-disclosure, autonomy, assertiveness? "...refers to a helping intervention and process that defines contextual goals consistent with the life experiences and cultural values of clients, balancing the importance of individualism versus collectivism in assessment, diagnosis, and treatment (Sue & Sue, 2013)."

- Corey, Corey, Corey, and Callanan Break Time Identities & Privilege Continuum Group Processing Identities & Privilege Continuum Facilitator will read aloud statements.
Each section of the room will be identified with a position:
Strongly Agree
Strongly Disagree
As the facilitator reads a statement, move to the area of the room that reflects your position on the statement.

Remember this is a silent activity. Cultural Assumptions Group Processing Feedback, Comments, Questions? Counselor Awareness of Own Cultural Values and Biases
Understanding the Client’s Worldview
Developing Culturally Appropriate Intervention Strategies and Techniques

With respect to
Attitudes and beliefs
Skills Multicultural Counseling Competencies 2003: Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development (Roysircar et al., 2003). Multicultural Competencies
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