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Transcript of Bible History
Abraham lived in what is now Iraq. God told him to move to Canaan and rewards his faithfulness by making him the father of Israel and an ancestor to the Messiah.
Israel becomes a divided kingdom
The Israelites are led out of Egypt by Moses after 400 years of enslavement. They explore the desert for another 40 years. Eventually, Moses brings them to the border of Canaan.
Jesus is crucified and resurrected
The Bible is completed
Jesus begins His ministry
Jesus is born in Bethlehem
The Romans take over land of Israel
Jews have independence
Greek ruler Antiochus Epiphanes torments the Jews
The Old Testament is translated into Greek
Alexander conquers Tyre (Phoenician Empire)
Greeks begin rule over land of Israel
Second Temple is dedicated
Work begins to rebuild Temple
Cyrus releases Jews from Babylonian Captivity
Cyrus the Great conquers Babylon
Babylon destroys Jerusalem and the Temple
Babylon attacks Judah
Babylon exerts influence over Judah
Babylon conquers Nineveh (Assyrian Empire)
Assyrians conquer northern kingdom of Israel
David becomes King of Israel
Saul becomes Israel's first king
Israel is ruled by judges, not kings
Israel begins establishing itself as a sovereign country
Joseph sold into slavery
Jacob (Israel) is born
by raymond lao
Jacob, a descendant of Abraham, is born in Canaan. His name is later changed to Israel and Canaan is also renamed Israel after him. He has 12 sons in which the 12 Tribes of Israel are named.
Joseph's brothers who are jealous of their father's love for him sell him into slavery. He ends up in Egypt where he rises to power. Ultimately, Joseph saves his family from the famine in Canaan.
After Moses dies, Joshua leads the Israelites into Canaan and conquers the land, establishing the sovereign country of Israel.
From 1400-1050 BC, Israel was not ruled by kings. Instead of kings, Israel was ruled by judges who settled disputes.
David becomes king of Israel in 1010 BC and rules for 40 years. He follows the commands of God and expands the size of Israel.
Solomon becomes king, builds Temple
Solomon (son of David) becomes king in 970 BC and also rules for 40 years. In honour of God, Solomon builds a temple which is completed by 960 BC. Eventually, Soloman turns away from God and worships false gods.
After 350 years of being ruled by judges, Israel demands to have a king, much like their neighbouring countries. By demanding a king, the people are turning away from their faith in God as their king. Saul becomes king and reigns for 40 years.
Shortly after the reign of Solomon, Israel becomes a divided kingdom. The southern kingdom, called Judah, includes the city of Jerusalem and the Temple. The northern kingdom continued to be called Israel. The two often war with each other.
King Nebuchadnezzar attacks Tyre mainland
Romans destroy Jerusalem and Temple
The Assyrian Empire conquers the northern kingdom of Israel in 721 BC. They torture, decapitate and even force many Israelites out of Israel, bringing in foreigners.
Nineveh (Assyrian Empire) is attacked by Babylonians. As proclaimed by the prophet Nahum, Nineveh was destroyed because of the Assyrian Empire's treatment towards the Israelites.
The neo-Babylonian Empire (King Nebuchadnezzar) begin forcing Judah into submission. They take many Jews as captives to ensure Judah's obedience.
Babylon attacks Judah and takes more Jews as captives. One of the captives named Ezekiel becomes a prophet of God. He explains how God is allowing Babylon to punish Judah due to their unfaithfulness.
Babylon attacks Judah again. This time, the Babylonians destroy Jerusalem and the Temple that Solomon had built. More Jews are taken as captives to Babylon.
Babylon begins a 13 year siege of Tyre (Phoenician City).
After the death of Nebuchadnezzar, the neo-Babylonian Empire begins to lose power. Cyrus the Great conquers Babylon in 539 BC, establishing the Medo-Persian Empire.
After conquering Babylon, Cyrus frees the Jews. His kingdom rules over Judah and many other parts of the Middle East, but Cyrus allows people more cultural and religious freedom than the neo-Babylonian Empire did.
In 536 BC, Jews in Babylon return to Judah and begin to rebuild the Temple, which had been destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 BC.
The temple is consecrated for worship, 70 years after the Babylonians had destroyed it in 586 BC.
In 333 BC, Alexander the Great (Grecian Empire) defeats the Medo-Persian Empire
in Macedonia. This marks the fall of the Medo-Persian Empire and the rise of the Grecian Empire.
Alexander the Great builds a walkway to the island fortress of Tyre, conquering and
bringing an end to the Phoenician Empire.
A Greek ruler asks the Jews to translate the Old Testament into Greek. The translation is called the Septuagint.
Greek ruler Antiochus Epiphanes rules Syria from 175-164 BC. He reigns over Judah and tries to destroy the Jewish religion. He also defiles the Temple.
The Maccabees, a group that fought for Jewish independence, stage a rebellion against the Greeks and establish the Hasmonean royal dynasty, as well as power over the land of Israel for about 100 years, from 164-63 BC.
After the death of Alexander the Great, the Grecian Empire becomes weaker while the Roman Empire becomes stronger.
A Roman general named Pompey seizes control over the land of Israel.
Jesus is born in Bethlehem. The Apostle Matthew later points out that Jesus' birth in Bethlehem fulfilled a prophecy delivered by the prophet Micah, 700 years before.
Jesus is about 30 years old when he begins his ministry. He preaches salvation, delivers prophecies and performs miracles. He announces that he is the Messiah who was promised by the prophets of the Old Testament. Jesus promises salvation and eternal life to those who believe in him.
Jesus is falsely accused and crucified by Pontius Pilate, the Roman ruler of the land of the Jews. Jesus is later resurrected, and his followers began evangelizing him to others, allowing Christianity to spread very quickly throughout the Roman world and to eventually become the first religion to spread throughout the world.
In 70 AD, Titus (Roman Army) destroys Jerusalem and the Temple, to stop an uprising of the Jews. According to the historian Josephus, about 1.1 million Jews were killed. Others were taken as slaves.
During the first century of this era, the New Testament is completed. The writing of the Bible comes to an end. It began during the time of Moses, about 3400 years ago. Jesus becomes, and remains, the final subject of the Bible.