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Batoche National Historic Site
Transcript of Batoche National Historic Site
W 106 degrees 6'22.20" Contact Information - Telephone: 306-423-6227 - Fax: 306-423-5400 - TTD: 306-423-5540 - Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Louis Riel - Louis Riel is a Metis man born in the Red River
Settlement in 1884. he grew up to be educated as a lawyer, bilingual and a leader of the Metis in the Red River. - In 1869-1870 he headed a provisional Government. - He was chosen for a seat in the House Of Commons on 3 occasions but couldn't take his seat. - In 1875 Riel's role in the death of Thomas Scott resulted in his exile from Canada. - In 1884 while teaching in Montana at a Jesuit mission, he was asked by Gabriel Dumont and three others to present grievances of Metis from the south branch of the Saskatchewan River to the Canadian Government. - Louis Riel reached Batoche in July of 1884. - Batoche was the main center of Metis settlement. - Riel conducted a peaceful agitation while speaking throughout the district and preparing a petition. - in 1885, the Northwest Rebellion began. The Battle Of Batoche - The Battle Of Batoche lasted 4 days from May 9th 1885 to May 12th 1885. The Northwest Rebellion Gabriel Dumont - Gabriel Dumont was born in the Red River
area in 1873. - Although he could not write, he knew how to speak six different languages. - Gabriel Dumont also had very good horseback riding and marksmanship skills. - He was chosen as a leader in large annual Buffalo Hunts. - In 1873 he was instrumental in the laws of St. Laurent - In 1884 he and 3 other Metis went down to Montana and asked Louis Riel to speak to the Canadian Government. - In 1885, when a Provisional Government was declared, he took the position of "Adjutant general of the Metis People." - In 1885 the Northwest Rebellion began. Leaders - The Northwest Rebellion started in 1885. - It started because the Canadian Government
was pushing settlement in the west and it
threatened the Metis and Native way of life. - The Buffalo herds, which were crucial to
the Metis and Native people, were being exterminated to make way for the Canadian
Pacific Railway. Conflict - As a result there was conflict between the
two and events like the battle at Duck Lake
occurred. - Eventually this led to the Battle Of Batoche. History - The people involved were: Fewer than 300 Metis led by Gabriel Dumont and Louis Riel. Against About 800-900 Canadian men led by Major-General Fredrick Middleton. - Middleton was planning a land and water attack but Louis Riel and his rebel army disabled the riverboat by taking down its smokestacks. - For 3 days the fighting consisted of volleys and sniping as Middleton didn't want to throw his men into harms way. - The Gatling gun was also used. - On May 12th, Middleton had a plan to pressure the Metis from the North and South. He was successful and the Metis were forced to surrender. - The Battle Of Batoche came to an end on May 12th 1885 and so did the Northwest Rebellion. Establishment - It is also located by the South Saskatchewan River. After The Rebellion Batoche After 1885 - The Rebellion failed, but Metis settlement was not destroyed after 1885. - There was relative prosperity in 1890. - In 1900, script was granted and many young Metis settled on farms around batoche and had a certain success. - Others worked as interpreters, scouts and laborers for the Northwest Mounted Police, who established barracks there in 1888. - The community of Batoche experienced many economic and social functions. - The North branch of the Canadian Pacific Railway bypassed the Metis settlement in favor of proposed white immigrant areas. - In 1915, only one store remained in Batoche. - The increased settlement forced many of the Metis north. - Batoche was declared a national historic site in 1923 by the federal government under the recommendation of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada. - The initial focus of commemoration was the armed conflict between the Canadian government and the Metis provisional government in 1885. - Batoche also commemorates the history of the Metis community of Batoche, home of Metis culture and heritage. - Surviving portions of the Carlton Trail and river-lot system, and the roles of First Nations in the Northwest Rebellion/Resistance are also commemorated. Preservation Fredrick Middleton - Fredrick Middleton was born on November 4th 1825 in Belfast, Ireland. - He was educated in England at Maidstone Grammar School - Middleton was granted a commission without purchase in the British Army on December 30th 1842. - In 1845 and 1848 he battled in India and New Zealand. - He was recommended for the Victoria Cross and was gazetted a Brevet Major in recognition of his service. - In 1868 he joined his regiment in Canada and accepted a series of staff appointments. - In 1870 he returned to England. - In 1874 he took a staff position at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. - In 1884 he returned to Canada as a Major-General, Officer commanding the Canadian Militia. - In 1885, the Northwest Rebellion began. He led his Militia to Saskatchewan in order to keep things in control. - He then led his Militia to fight in Battles like Fish Creek and The Battle Of Batoche. - On July 25th 2002 the saint Antoine-de-Padoue church was officially re-opened. - The rebuilding of this church used the techniques of classic Red River frame construction. How Does This Site Benefit us? - It allows us to learn about both our, and Canada's History and allows us to walk and be around areas that significant events took place. - You could be standing in the same place that Louis Riel, Gabriel Dumont, or Major-General Fredrick Middleton did 127 years ago! - This site allows us to see the many animals like White-Tailed Deer, Coyotes, Red-Tailed Hawks, Pelicans, Gulls, Ground Squirrels, Songbirds, and Rabbits. - This site also allows us to see the beautiful landscape including rolling parkland, numerous depressions, brush filled areas, Balsam trees, Poplar trees, Birch trees, Dogwood trees, The South Saskatchewan River, and vegetation used for healing and ceremonial purposes can still be found along the many hiking trails. Activities - Join the Northwest Field Force. Today Children's - Help with chores, including gardening or laundry. - "Build" a Red River Frame Structure. - Play "Dress Up" with interpreters on the site. - Take a hike with friends or family and see how much wildlife you can spot. - If it happens to rain on the day of your visit, there are crosswords, puzzles and games to play. Activities - You can phone to make a reservation for a tour. - You can also make a reservation for weddings, meetings, conferences and other various arrangements. - Some other activities are hiking, biking, geocaching, art kits, canoeing and other self-guided fun. Partner Activities - July 6th-8th is the La fête Fransaskoise - July 19th-22nd back to Batoche days. Calendar - May 15th - site opens. - May 15th to September 10th - Metis art exhibit. - May 24th- Gathering at Fish Creek National Historic Site. - June 21st- National Aboriginal Day celebrations. - July 1st Canada Day Celebrations. - July 15th- Experience the heart of history. A whole day of family fun. - July 19th- Mass at historic church. - July 21st- Parks Day. - July 21st- "Going Royal at Batoche." - August 18th- Experience the Heart of history. A whole day of family fun. - November 16th- Louis Riel Day. - September 10th- Site Closes. Now - Today, Batoche is a National Historic Site that displays the remains of the village of batoche on the banks of the South Saskatchewan River. - Several Buildings have been restored within the site. - The site depicts lifestyles of the Metis community of Batoche between 1860 and 1900. The trails they walked, Their homes, Churches, and the Battle of Batoche. Criteria - This site meets the criteria of a National Historic Site because: - It was the area of many important battles during the Northwest Rebellion. - It involved many great Canadian leaders like Louis Riel, Gabriel Dumont, and Major-General Fredrick Middleton. They used revolutionary systems like the Long Lot System. My Interest - If I were to visit Batoche in the future, I would want to do the following: - I would like to see the Metis history and learn about Louis Riel and Gabriel Dumont. - I would also like to do active things like Hiking, Biking and Canoeing. Rates Daily - Adult: $7.80 - Senior: $6.55 - Youth: $3.90 - Family/Group: $19.60