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History of Health Care
Transcript of History of Health Care
Health Care PRIMITIVE TIMES Illness and disease were caused by evil spirits and demons.
Morphine was used for pain. AVERAGE LIFE SPAN: 20 years 4000 - 3000 BC ANCIENT EGYPTIANS 3000 - 300 BC Imhotep may have been the first physician Earliest people known to maintain accurate health records
Believed the body was a system of channels for air, tears, blood, urine, sperm, and feces.
If these channels were blocked (blood clotting), then leeches and bloodletting were used ANCIENT CHINESE 1700 BC - 220 AD Religion prohibited dissections.
Monitored the pulse to determine condition of body.
Need to cure the spirit and nourish the entire body.
Used acupuncture to relieve pain and congestion. AVERAGE LIFE SPAN: 20-30 years AVERAGE LIFE SPAN: 20-30 years ANCIENT GREEKS 1200 BC - 200 BC Hippocrates: The Father of Medicine Began observing the body and the effects of disease - signs and symptoms
Illness is a result of natural causes
Aristotle dissected animals - comparative anatomy
Stressed diet and cleanliness as ways to prevent illness
AVERAGE LIFE SPAN: 25-35 years ANCIENT ROMANS 753 BC - 410 AD First to organize medical care and develop hospitals
Began public health and sanitation systems
Diet, exercise, and medications were use to treat disease
AVERAGE LIFE SPAN: 25-35 years The study of medicine was prohibited
Prayer and divine interventions were used to treat illness and disease
Medications were mainly herbal mixtures
AVERAGE LIFE SPAN: 20-30 years DARK AGES 400 - 800 AD MIDDLE AGES 800 - 1400 AD Renewed medical interest
Physicians obtain knowledge at medical universities - Arabs required physicians to pass examinations and obtain licenses
Bubonic plague killed 3/4 of the populations in Europe and Asia
Major diseases were smallpox, diphtheria, tuberculosis, typhoid, and malaria
AVERAGE LIFE SPAN: 20-35 years THE RENAISSANCE 1350 - 1650 AD Rebirth of the science of medicine
Dissection of the body to understand anatomy and physiology
Printing press allowed spread of knowledge
First anatomy book was published
Causes of diseases were still unknown, but more treatments became available
AVERAGE LIFE SPAN: 30-40 years 16th and 17th CENTURIES Ligatures were used to bind arteries of open wounds
Improved treatment of fractures and started using artificial limbs
More understanding of the functions of systems and organs
Microscope was invented
Medications were made, prescribed and sold
AVERAGE LIFE SPAN: 35-45 years Ambroise Pare:
Father of Modern Surgery 18th CENTURY New discoveries and inventions are made!
AVERAGE LIVE SPAN: 40-50 years 19th CENTURY First successful blood transfusion was performed on humans (1818)
Humane treatment for mental illness
Ether and chloroform used as anesthetics
AVERAGE LIFE SPAN: 40-60 years First training programs for nurses Physicians encouraged to wash hands; however, hospitals and medical personnel resisted Joseph Lister used disinfectants and antiseptics during surgery Louis Pasteur proved microorganisms caused disease; created vaccine for rabies 20th CENTURY AVERAGE LIFE SPAN: 60-70 years COST CONTAINMENT Control the rising cost of health care and achieve the maximum benefit for every dollar spent Home Health Care Geriatric Care Telemedicine Wellness Alternative Therapies:
Methods of treatment used in place of biomedical therapies Complementary Therapies:
Methods of treatment that are used along with conventional medical therapies Emotional
Mental and Intellectual