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Art History at a Glance (Part 1)

Quickie Prehistoric - Renaissance

Sarah Crecelius

on 5 September 2012

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Transcript of Art History at a Glance (Part 1)

Sumerian cities revolved around temples
Architecture & Art of Temples and Ziggurats
Sculptures and relief carvings Ancient
World Statuettes (2700 BC) Iraq
Some of 1st figural sculptures Sculptures
Cave Paintings
Decorations on Tools & Weapons
Art of Daily life, Fertility
Don't really know much more Paleolithic Art Venus of Willendorf (28,000-25,000 BC) Austria Lescaux Cave Paintings (23,000-22,000 BC) France Pottery & Weaving
Art with an awareness of greater beings, gods, celestial beings – Land Art
More functional due to advancements Neolithic Art Nazca Lines (1000 BC) Peru Stonehenge (2500-1600 BC) England Art Throughout Time A Snapshot of the Evolution of Art Sumerian Art
Warka Vase (3100 BC) Uruk 1st evidence of relief sculpture Babalonian & Assyrian Hammurabi's Laws (1780 BC) Iran
1st evidence of foreshortening Lamassu (720-705 BC) Iraq
profile and front view in sculpture Pyramids
Large scale statues
1st known individual artists Egyptian Art Old Kingdom New Kingdom Imhotep pyramid
1st recorded name of an artist Pyramids at Gizeh (Giza) (2550-2470 BC) Great Sphinx Menkaure Khamerernebty (2490-2472 BC) Gizeh
Typical postures for Egyptian art
(attached to stone, left leg forward,
forward gaze) Temple of Ramses II (1290-1224 BC) Egypt 65' high entrance to temple Neferiti (1353-1335 BC) Egypt
More contours, idealized beauty (unfinished) Tutankham's Coffin
(1323 BC) Egypt
Gold & semi-precious stones,
elaborate decoration Archetecture, Sculpture, Pottery, lost paintings
Visual Narratives
Human Figures (Gods & Men, Idealized & Realistic)
Move toward more realistic, modified (fluid) postures, detailed
"Perfect Temples" examples of strive to perfection in proportion and harmony Greek Art Archetecture Sculpture Pottery Discus Thrower Venus de Milo Nike of Samothrace Euthymides
(amphora) Exekias
(detail of amphora) Parthenon
Athens, Greece Temple of Hera Paestum, Italy Monumental Archetecture (concrete)
Sculptures of the "big dudes"
1st "collectors" of acquired art
Murals/Paintings of everyday scenes Roman Art Architecture Sculpture Portrait of Augustus as general Portrait of Caracalla Pantheon
(inside the dome) Arch of Constantine Colosseum Column of Trajan Asia, Africa, & the Americas
Articulates Religious Beliefs
Decorative & Functional Non-Western South/east Asia, China, Japan Asia North, South & Central Americas Africa South/Southeast Asian Art (India) Chinese Art Japanese Art (Mexico)
Olmec, Mayan, Aztec Native Americans
(North America) Inca
(South America) Olmec, Colossal head Maya, Chichen Itza Aztec,
Detail from Tenochtitlan Inca, Machu Picchu Vessel from Peru Missippians
Serpent Mound, Ohio Puebloan
Cliff Palace, Colorado Kwakiutl
Eagle Transformation Mask, Canada Bamum
Camaroon Kota
Gabon Dogon
Mali Byzantine, Romanesque, Gothic Arts
Art mainly served Christianity
Gold, Bright Colors, Precious Materials
Cathedrals, Cathedrals, Cathedrals!!
tapestries, manuscripts, ivories Middle Ages Book of Kells, Scotland Saint-Sernin
Toulouse, France Durham Cathedral
Duram, England Rose Window Notre Dame Cathedral
Paris, France Duomo di Milano
Milan, Italy Virgin of Jeanne d'Evreux
Saint-Denis, France Madonna Enthroned, Giotto di Bondone
Florence, Italy Lamentation, Giotto di Bondone
Padua, Italy (FRESCO) Sumerian Art Indus Valley Renaissance Art Rediscovering perfect human form/proportion
Still stuck on religion
Linear Perspective
Panel Painting vs. Fresco
The rise of the Individual Artist BIG NAMES: Van Eyck, Van der Weyden, Ghiberti,
Donatello, Masaccio, Botticelli, Brunelleschi Early Renaissance Jan Van Eyck, Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife Rogier van der Weyden, Deposition Lorenzo Ghiberti, Gates of Paradise Donatello, David Masaccio, Holy Trinity Sandro Botticelli, Birth of Venus Filippo Brunelleschi, Dome at Florence BIG NAMES: Da Vinci, Raphael, Michelangelo, Titian, Bronzino, Durer High Renaissance Leonardo da Vinci Michelangelo
Buonarroti Others Mona Lisa Last Supper Madonna in the Meadows Philosophy (School of Athens) Sistine Chapel Pieta St. Peter's David Titian, Venus of Urbanio Bronzino, Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time Albrecht Durer, Fall of Man (Adam and Eve) Raphael
Full transcript