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Poetry Study Guide

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Cassandra Hammond

on 11 January 2013

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Transcript of Poetry Study Guide

“Poetry is ordinary language raised to the Nth power. Poetry is boned with ideas, nerved and blooded with emotions, all held together by the delicate, tough skin of words.” -- Paul Engle Poetry Notes:
Unit 6 A lyric poem, rhymed or unrhymed, written in praise or celebration of a subject.
Ode A 14 line lyric poem. There are several types of sonnets, many address strong emotions.
Sonnet When an animal, object, or idea is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes.
Personification Overstating something, usually for comic effect – exaggeration.
Hyperbole A comparison between two unlike things in which one thing is said to be another.

Metaphor A comparison between two unlike things, using a word such as like, as, than, or resembles.

Simile A long narrative poem about the great deeds of a hero.
Epic A song or song-like poem that tells a story – usually about lost love, betrayal, or death. Ballad Elegy Free Verse Poem that expresses feelings and thoughts rather than telling a story. Lyric Repeated words, sounds, syllables, and other elements. Repetition An arrangement of a certain number of lines, usually four or more, sometimes having a fixed length, meter, or rhyme scheme, forming a division of a poem. Stanza Language that appeals to the senses. Imagery A person, place, thing, or event that has meaning itself and stands for something beyond itself. Symbol Alliteration A poem that tells a story. Narrative Has characters, conflicts, settings, and plot like a story. Tony Steinberg:
Brave Viking Warrior
By Taylor Mali Often exaggerated,
character has a quest Casey at the Bat
Ernest Thayer Short and simple structure
Strong rhyme and rhythm, like a song
Has a refrain
The Cremation of Sam McGee
Robert Service Can be rhymed
or unrhymed Length and structure vary greatly Kindness
Naomi Shahib Nye
William Shakespeare
Pablo Neruda
e. e. cummings Sonnet 116
Pablo Neruda
Sarah Kay Love Sonnet 17
Pablo Neruda
A poem of mourning, usually about someone who has died. Elegy = Poetry
Eulogy = Prose Oh Captain, My Captain
Walt Whitman Poetry without a regular meter or rhyme scheme. Point B
Sarah Kay Rapid
Roar The repetition of initial consonant sounds in words that are close together Slimey
Slowly Repetition
Phil Kaye "Life is like an onion: You peel it off one layer at a time, and sometimes you weep." (Carl Sandburg) "you fit into me like a hook into an eye a fish hook an open eye"
(Margaret Atwood) Hand Me Downs
Sarah Kay
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