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Animal Cell Compared to a School

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Sterling Moore

on 28 September 2015

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Transcript of Animal Cell Compared to a School

Cell Membrane
Function: holds the cell together while allowing certain materials in and keeping others out
Cytoplasm
Function: The cytoplasm is the inside of the cell that keeps all the organelles in place.
Nucleoplasm: nucleolus and chromatin
Function: The nucleolus maintains nuclear shape and structure and holds organelles of the nucleus. The nucleolus uses RNA for the formation of protein within the nucleus. Chromatin packages and protects DNA in the nucleus
Nucleus
Function: known as the "control center;" contains genetic information and controls cell activity
Nuclear Membrane with Pores
Function: separates the nucleus and the nucleolus from the rest of the cell's contents; the pores regulate the transportation of molecules between the nucleus and the cytoplasm
Animal Cell Compared to a School
Comparison: A school's security system is similar to the cell membrane because it allows students and teachers in, but keeps suspicious or dangerous people out.
Comparison: The hallways and classrooms of a school can be compared to the cytoplasm because they are the inside of the school that keeps the students and teachers in place
Comparison: The nucleus is like a headmaster because the headmaster controls the entire school just as the nucleus controls the cell.
Comparison: The nuclear membrane is similar to interior walls in a school because walls separate the headmaster (nucleus) from the rest of the school in his office.
Comparison: The nucleoplasm is like a school's exterior walls because they create the school's structure and keep everyone inside.
Mitochondria with Cristae
Function: "powerhouse" of the cell; convert oxygen and nutrients into energy in the form of Adenosine Tri-Phosphate; the cristae allow chemical reactions to occur and give the mistochondria it's wrinkled shape
Comparison: Mitochondria can be compared to the principal of a school because the principal is in charge of the school and everything that happens in it.
Lysosome
Function: break down cellular waste and debris into simple compounds and transferre them to the cytoplasm as new cell-building materials
Comparison: Custodians are like lysosomes because they collect trash and recycled waste that is later turned into new materials.
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Function: produces proteins and lipids and transports these materials within the cell; "smooth" means that there are no ribosomes attached to the endoplasmic reticulum
Comparison: School secretaries are similar to the endoplasmic reticulum because they create emails and send them all over the school just like the endoplasmic reticulum creates and transports cell materials.
Ribosomes
Function: interpret cellular information from the nucleus and synthesize proteins
Comparison: Teachers are like ribosomes because they interprert informatioin and produce knowledgable students.
Centriole
Function: cell division, which allows a cell to grow, develop, and repair
Comparison: Lunch ladies are similar to centriole because they divide food among the student body so that the students can grow and develop
Golgi Bodies
Function: store and transport proteins
Comparison: School mail rooms are like golgi bodies because here, mail comes in and is transported to the appropriate place, just as golgi bodies store and transport proteins
Vesicles
Function: transport materials from one place to another
Comparison: Computers are similar to vesicles because they allow students to transport information from one place to another.
Microtubules
Function: help support and give shape to the cell
Comparison: Guidance counselors are similar to microtubules because they support and help shape students in a school.
Microvilli
Function: increase the surface area of the cell to allow for the diffusion of materials
Comparison: The different floors of a school are like microvilli because they increase the overall area of the school without taking up more land
Cilia
Function: move fluid or materials past an immobile cell and move cells or groups of cells.
Comparison: School buses are like cilia because they move students from their houses to school.
Flagella
Function: allow cells to move
Comparison: Stairs and elevators in a school are similar to flagella becasue they allow students to move between floors.
Microfilaments
Function: form the structure of a cell to allow it to hold its shape, move itself, and move its organelles.
Comparison: Guidance counselors are also similar to microfilaments because they help shape students. Microfilaments are similar to microtubules, but are long and thin instead of round and tube-shaped.
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Function: produce and transport proteins and lipids; "rough" means that there are ribosomes attached to the Endoplasmic Reticulum
Comparision: School secretaries are similar to the endoplasmic reticulum because they create emails and send them all over the school just like the endoplasmic reticulum creates and transports cell materials.
Sources Cited
http://www.cram.com/flashcards/plant-cell-animal-cell-parts-2369369

http://www.ivyroses.com/HumanBody/Cells/Cell_Structure.php

http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/cells/animalcell.html

http://biology.tutorvista.com/animal-and-plant-cells/nucleus.html

http://www.buzzle.com/articles/animal-cell-parts.html

http://www.nature.com/scitable/definition/nuclear-pore-279

http://www.wisegeek.org/what-is-nucleoplasm.htm


Sources Cited Continued
http://www.abcam.com/epigenetics/chromatin-structure-and-function-a-guide

http://legacy.owensboro.kctcs.edu/gcaplan/anat/Study%20Guide/API%20Study%20Guide%20D%20Cell%20Structures.htm

https://sites.google.com/a/asu.edu/the-almighty-cell/the-source/animal-cell/centriole

http://bioserv.fiu.edu/~walterm/human_online/animal_cell_info_andpics/page.html

https://www.studyblue.com/notes/note/n/bio-101-study-guide-2011-12-cassitgnetti/deck/9735289

http://visual.merriam-webster.com/animal-kingdom/simple-organisms-echinoderms/animal-cell.php
A look inside an animal cell
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