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Temperate Deciduous Forest

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by

Jenna Lossio

on 6 January 2014

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Transcript of Temperate Deciduous Forest

About the biome
Climate!
Climate: the average rainfall and temperature fall in the middle or are
"temperate" which is where the biome receives its name. The climate fluctuates
swiftly from wet to dry, cold to hot and this biome experiences 4 seasons. Its
seasons are Spring, Summer, Fall, and Winter with each lasting about 3 months.


More about the climate...
Precipitation is something that remains constant for every season and takes on
different forms (snow and rain) and there is no wet or dry season. This biome an
average of 30-60 inches of precipitation yearly. The majority of this is rain.
This also gives the temperate deciduous biome some of the most fertile soil
around! The average temperate is 50 degrees. The average summer is 70 degrees
and the average winter is below freezing. This biome is always located near
ocean and wind and this plays a key role in the climate.
The biome's plant life
Plant Life! There are 5 layers in which the plant life is characterized.
Decomposed plant life also plays a key role in the richness of the soil.
1. Ground layer- contains moss, lichen, and soil.
2. Herb layer- contains common herbs that sprout above the ground.
3. Shrub layer- contains ferns, azaleas, and wildflowers.
4. Sapling layer- (small trees) Maple, Oak, Magnolia, Sweet Gum, Beech trees.
5. Tree Stratum- contains coniferous trees such as spruce, fur, and pine trees.

Temperate Deciduous Forest
The land of the seasons!
By Jenna Lossio
Locations: The temperate deciduous biome is normally found in the Northern
Hemisphere. This includes North Eastern America, Canada, Europe, China, and
parts of Russia. The southern hemisphere however, holds some deciduous forests
in South America, Africa, and Australia.


Animals of the Deciduous! :Because of this biomes rapidly changing seasons, it's
animals must adapt. Many of the organisms posses traits that allow them to
survive in different conditions such as water proof fur, night vision, or
hibernation in the Winter. Others like birds, migrate during the colder seasons.
Some cannot adapt to the seasons, so they fly south to the warmer weather in the
Winter. Some of these animals of the Deciduous are Owls, Cardinals, Black Bears,
Deer, Hedge Hogs, and Salamander.

Animal Life
The American Bald Eagle!

Fast Facts: Every Species has a Latin name the American Bald Eagle's is
Haliaeetus Leucocephalus. It is the epic symbol of the United States and is
found on objects especially US money. It can live up to 30 years and weighs
between 10-14 lbs while having a wingspan of 6-7 feet. Surprisingly, the female
bald eagle is larger than the male and has a larger wingspan of 7 feet instead
of the male's 6. The Bald Eagle is no longer found on the list of endangered
species!

Habitat and Diet: Bald Eagles live along coastlines in the lower 48 states. They
settle in tall trees on major lakes and rivers where they can catch their food
with ease. Being at the top of the food chain, they mostly eat fish, otherbirds, and rodents. They feed on salt water and fresh water fish. However, they
also feed on carrion which is decaying organisms


The Symbol of America!
American Bald Eagles prefers trees that are good for
nesting. During breeding season the male and female build their nest together
with twigs and other leaves. Though Eagles are known to perch for hours,
newborns go through a four year "exploration period". Though Eagles are known as
solitary creatures they do partake in "courtship rituals" such as talon clasping
and look for a new mate after theirs has died.

The White Oak
Description: The White Oak's Latin name is "Quercus Alba" which means "large
growing deciduous tree of the eastern United States". This tree grows up to
120ft tall with a trunk that measures up to 4 ft in diameter. They have a very
long life of 300 years, some even reach 400! They usually grow near the edges of
freshwater spots and posses large alternately grown leaves with lobes 7-9 cm
deep.

More about the White Oak
The White Oak's Niche: The White Oak is an acorn producing tree. Flowers start
to bloom in the fall but only 7% turn into acorns. It also takes 40 years for
the White Oak to start producing acorns. The acorns the White oak give off are
light brown and one inch long. The White oak serves as food and shelter to many
of the organisms of deciduous forests including squirrels, foxes, chipmunks, and
deer.

Fast facts: The White Oak is the most common out of its entire species. It is
also very diverse and found in various forests from Ohio to Southern Alabama.
It's wood is very sturdy and is often used for furniture and housing. In the
Fall, the leaves turn red and orange before they turn brown and die for the
winter. These leaves however, have the ability to stay on the trees all winter
unlike any other deciduous tree.

Behavior and lifestyle of the Bald Eagle
Threats to the Temperate Deciduous
Though this biome is one of the most plentiful; found all over the world, it
also faces many threats that are caused both naturally and by humans. Forest
fires are an example of both. Because the forests plant life is very close
together, the fires spread quickly and destroy the homes of many organisms. Many
of the trees also takes a great deal of time to grow back to their normal height
so this is very threatening to the biome.

Acid rain and mining also serves as a continuing problem for the biome. The two
are linked together so closely because Acid rain is caused from coal burning
which often occurs in mines. These fossil fuels released into the atmosphere can
drastically change rainfall patterns as well as other affects of global warming.
The rain destroys the soil and plants are in such high demand.

Because of this biome's temperate climate and seasons, the Temperate Deciduous
Forest is a very desirable living area. It's rich fertile soil is also desired
for farming and agriculture, but is often mistreated. Human population and
popular demand for the biome's climate, soil, and trees lead to these man made
threats.
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