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Indian English vs Standard English
Transcript of Indian English vs Standard English
designed by Péter Puklus for Prezi
- Indian English & British English in Phonetics an Phonology have many differences in terms of consonants, vowels, stress and intonation.
- Indian English as a dialect => these are not considered the problem of "correct" or "incorrect"
1. Dao Thi Huong
2. Duong Thi Mai
3. Dao Thi Thoi
4. Nguyen Thi Kieu Trang
1. An over view (Presented by Ms. Mai)
- Indian English
2. Comparison between Indian English and British English
- Some vowels
- Some consonants (presented by Ms. Thoi)
- Stress, rhythm, intonation (presented by Ms. Trang)
3. Conlusion (presented by Ms. Huong)
Eg: <pen> => <paenn>.
A long vowel is followed by "r", some speakers of Indian English usually use a monophthong instead of the diphthong.
Eg: "fear" is pronounced [fir] instead of [fiə].
[a:] is often pronounced by many Indian English speakers as back [a] whether stressed or unstressed
Ex: Class, staff
[^], [ə] and [ɜː] might be realized as [ ], [a]ư
Eg : <firm> may be pronounced the same as [farm]
Not pronounce the rounded [o ]or [o:ː], and substitute short[a] instead.
Eg: not : [nat], dog: [dag]
"Coffee" will be pronounced as kaafi
General Indian English realizes /eiɪ/ (as in <face>) and /ouʊ/ (as in <goat>) as long monophthongs [eː], [oː].
short [e] becomes lengthened and higher
Indian English often uses strong vowels where other accents would have unstressed syllables or words.
Ex : "cottage" may be pronounced ['kotedg] rather than ['kotidg]
In syllable–initial position only /m/ and /n/ occur; the velar nasal /n/ occurs as a homorganic variant of /n/ before velars
-/f/ and /v/: not realized as labiodentals
-/s/ and /Z/ : /s/ => /S/
Ex: six: /shees
Z] => [dZ] as in [fri:dZ] for freeze
-The glottal fricative /h/ => dropped
Eg : house is realized as [a:us]
-IE has two liquids, /l/ and /r/, the /l/ is generally ‘clear’, the liquid /r/ is generally trilled
-Semivowels: /w/ has an overlap with the labio-dental fricative /v/
- Euphonic /j/ and /w/ exist in most south Indian speech as in words.
Ex: [yevery] for every
Out of the stops /p, t, k, b, d, g/, it is only the former three that show different realizations
-The voiceless stops are not aspirated in the stressed syllable initial position in IE
-/t/ and /d/ tend to be retroflexed as in the words like ‘dentist, ten, den, London’ etc.
The affricates [tΣ] and [dZ] are distinct as in the words chin and gin and not generally subject to variation. IE uses stop-like /c/ and /j/ instead of these affricates.
In brief, the differences between BRP and IE are:
• In IE, the voiceless stops /p, t, k/ are generally not aspirated in the stressed initial position.
• Alveolar /t, d/ in IE generally have a degree of retroflexion in their articulation.
• / tΣ , dZ/ lack the lip rounding in IE that they typically have in RP.
• Words which have /T,Δ/in RP generally have /th, d/ in IE..
• IE has only /v/, a frictionless labio-dental continuant, in place of RP/v/ and /w/.
Thank you for listening
An overview of English dialects and Indian English
Many Indian English speakers do not make a clear distinction between [o] and [o:],
[ i ] and [ i:].
What is a dialect?
- A regional variety of language with differences in vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation
- A form of a language spoken by members of a particular social class or profession
Dialects of English
Dialects are linguistic varieties which differ from each other and from Standard English (which is itself a dialect) in:
Many dialects: Australian English, American English, Indian English,…
- How is English used in India?
- What is Indian English?
Historical Background of Indian English
East India Company started trading and English missionaries first began their efforts
English was established firmly as the medium of instruction and administration by the British Raj
A large number of Christian schools imparting an English education
The process of producing English-knowing bilinguals in India which officially endorsed T.B. Macaulay
How is English used in India?
- 2nd national language
- 30% population uses English, 10% able to speak fluent English
- language of higher education, media, legal system, corporate business and trade
- Growing demand to be able to speak English as well as India dialect
What is Indian English?
- Indian English is the group of English dialects spoken primarily in Indian subcontinent
- Due to large diversity in Indian language and culture, the same English words can mean different things to different people
- The mixture of Hindi and English
STRESS, RHYTHM AND INTONATION
Stress usually falls on the
of a bi-syllabic or tri-syllabic word if the second syllable is not extra heavy
'taboo, 'mistake, 'concrete
'terrific, mo'desty, cha'racter, mi'nister
is stressed on the
not the last as in native varieties
- Indian English (IE): 'TV, 'BBC, 'MC
- Native Englishes: T'V, BB'C, M'C
have stress on the 1st item rather than the 2nd in all cases
the same words
different grammatical meanings
(Verb/N/A) are also stressed on
the 1st syllable
IE: 'insult, 'import, 'conduct, 'record
BE: 'insult (n), in'sult (v)
'record (n), re'cord (v)
In Indian English, words with
are stressed on the 1st syllable
IE tends to have
stress on many words
in a sentence
BE: 'Jason will come 'late to the 'party as 'usual
IE: 'Jason 'will 'come 'late to the 'party as 'usual
=> stress on all the content words
Stress on the
She have leaved for two years
They asked for it
are also stressed
Eg: He will fly to Moscow tomorrow
=> nearly no differences between content words and function words in term of stress
: the time taken to move from one stressed syllable to the next one in a sentence is the same
: the time taken to utter each syllable is the same.
=> There are arguments if Indian English is
stress-timed or stress-syllabled or neither.
- The glide down indicates statements
Eg: 1. "This English coaching, not a local language"
2. "English speaking not children play"
- The glide up indicates questions
Eg: 3. "You together thinking, English speaking is like a rice plate eating?"
=> Help you learn some basic knowledge about Indian English
Many Indian languages do not natively possess a separate phoneme [æ] =>do not differentiate between the vowel sounds [e]ư ( "dress") and /æ/ ("trap")
India: second largest country in population in the world and English - second language
=> important to understand India English to learn about their culture, economy,science, technology, ... ,trade with them...