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Transcript of Constitutional Convention
A meeting about the constitution.
The constitution was written at the Constitutional Convention (Philadelphia Convention) in 1787.
It was written to correct the mistakes made in the Articles of Confederation.
Writing Objective (Goal):
Balance the rights of the people with the need for a stronger national government
. A stronger national government would ensure peace and order for the people of the United States.
(cc) photo by medhead on Flickr
Articles of Confederation
How will highly populated and sparsely populated states be represented in Congress?
Virginia Plan (Big State Plan)
New Jersey Plan( Small State Plan)
The legislature would have
only one house
Each state would send 1 delegate
for all of the states no matter how large or small.
one house had equal representation (SENATE)
one house would be based on population ( HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES)
the larger states would therefore have more delegates and power than the smaller states.
therefore equal representation for all of the states no matter how large or small they were
The process of getting the Constitution approved by the states
wanted to form a strong national government
wanted a strong executive branch
each branch of government should have equal powers
Received heavy support from urban centers
They saw the benefit of a national government that could regulate trade
George Washington, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Adams
(cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr
The Supreme Court
The Branches of Government
The Constitution was ratified, but the Bill of Rights was added to make sure that individual liberties were protected from the power of the national government
feared the constitution might hurt individual rights
feared government might become like a monarchy
wanted to make Legislature the strongest branch of the government
Bill of Rights
Received support from rural areas
Patrick Henry, Samuel Adams, Thomas Jefferson and George Mason
Constitution: A framework for government. It explains how the government should work.
Congress had no power to:
Laws could only be passed if 9 out of 13 states voted
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
You will create a 2 House Foldable based on the Great Compromise.
Open both edges and you should have two little ‘houses’
Then place your finger in the middle of the edge and fold it in
Then fold the edges so that they meet in the middle
Fold a Sheet of paper Hamburger Style
Created by the Great Compromise
Combined both the New Jersey and Virginia Plans
Created a BICAMERAL (2 house) legislature
Should Texas have the same amount of representatives as Louisiana?
Should Texas' people make laws for people in Louisiana?
(cc) photo by medhead on Flickr
Representation in both houses would depend on the states’ population
States with large populations would have more delegates and power
than smaller states
Law making group
How enslaved people should be counted regarding population and taxation?
Representation in the House of Representatives would be based on the population of each state. Southern states had a higher slave population than northern states.
Northern states argued that
slaves were not citizens
, therefore they should
not be counted for representation but should be counted for taxation
Southern states wanted to
include slaves for representation purposes but not for taxation.
The 3/5 Compromise
Three/fifths of the slave population would be counted
when deciding direct
in the legislature.
The government agreed
not to limit the slavery trade
for at least the next