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acfDANCE: Jazz Dance History
Transcript of acfDANCE: Jazz Dance History
Jazz dance roots date back to when slaves
were brought from Africa to America.
•In the 1950’s the invention of television
showcased jazz dance to a wider audience.
Characteristics of Jazz Dance Today
Jazz Dance History
•Slaves kept the african rhythms alive by clapping their hands, stomping their feet,
and singing the songs of the motherland.
•White owners began to forbid the dancing,
drumming, and singing
•White owners realized that these were entertaining and started to have slaves perform for them
•In the 1830’s minstrel shows (variety shows) began to showcase these songs and dances, but were performed by whites in blackface.
•Blacks were allowed to dance in Minstrel shows beginning in the 1860's.
•The cakewalk was usually the closing number of the first act of a Minstrel show and included a contest of couples outdoing each other in a mock imitation of white behavior and manners.
Vaudeville became popular in the 1900's
Vaudeville was a precursor to today's Broadway
Vaudeville: a series of separate, unrelated acts including various types of performances
•The Harlem Renaissance, a time when Harlem, NY became the place for all high-society people to see and be seen, was also important to the development of jazz dance.
•Many different popular dances were developed in the clubs of Harlem during this time such as the Charleston and the Black Bottom.
•Today Jazz encompasses several different styles of movement.
As in other styles of dance, the Elements of Dance are imperative to good choreography. (Body, Space, Time, Effort, and Relationships)
•The repeated use of plié in jazz, a result of African movements remaining connected to earth, and the use of syncopated rhythms, a result of the popularity of Jazz music, are significant characteristics in jazz dance.
•Syncopation: a“lazy” rhythm, give and take, ex. 1-&34, stressing a beat that is not normally stressed
•Personal style is also a significant characteristic of Jazz dance.