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Transcript of Women's Rights
of the World's Work, but receive only 11% of the world's income and own only 1% of the world's land." (DoSomething.Org) The main issue is... The UNEQUAL
"GENDER" If your mother was born a couple hundred years ago, she would be forced to stay home and tend to you and your house. She most probably would not be able to read or write, and undoubtedly would not have received the education your father received. She would be married to him because her parents agreed to it. She could not give her opinion on anything because she was seen as senseless by society just because of her FEMININITY. For hundreds of years, women have been fighting for their rights. Men have been given the upper hand in history, while women were forced to stay home and tend to their husband and kid's needs. They had no say in society: they couldn't work, they couldn't be a part of government, they couldn't vote, they couldn't choose who to marry, in short they don't have their freedom. Gender equality is a global issue. Women's rights are equal to the rights of people in our future, yet modern society does not yet reflect this. THE FIGHT AGAINST VIOLENCE ON WOMEN IN THE PHILIPPINES: Since the beginning women have always been unequal to men. At some point they weren’t even seen as people. There are still so many issues because people know what they believe in and are going to stick with it. They are apart from people’s religions and lives and it will take a lot of it to change. Throughout the history, women have not been equal to men. It wasn't until they started to fight and to gain the rights they deserved. Established in 1984, GABRIELA is at the forefront of the Filipino Women's
Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Violence is a stark reality that women have to struggle with everyday. For Filipino women who grapple with
poverty in a feudal patriarchal context, the challenge is greater.
Indeed, the intensifying economic and political crisis in the country is increasing vulnerability of women to
gender-based violence. Gruesome stories of violence committed on women and children have become common
fare in TV, radio and print media. These are not only individual cases of violence; many involve groups of
women such as the cases of sex trafficking, cybersex, pornography, and prostitution. For this reason, GABRIELA, a national alliance of women's organization in the Philippines, has considered the issue of VAW as one of its core gender-based campaign for 21 years. In the last five years alone, we launched
two campaigns on VAW-- the VOW vs. VAW (Voices of Women vs. Violence Against Women) in 2002 and the Blow-a-Whistle Campaign in 2003. VOW vs. VAW brought the issue of VAW to schools and communities while the he Blow-a-Whistle aims not only to educate women but also to "arm" them with a whistle which they
can use when in danger to attract the attention of other people. This is also an encouragement for women
victims to break the "culture of silence". This campaign is effective in urban poor communities where domestic
violence is most prevalent. THE SEVEN DEADLY SINS AGAINST WOMEN GABRIELA has pinpointed Seven Deadly Sins committed against women as the focus of its campaigns. 1. SEX TRAFFICKING AND PROSTITUTION 5. VIOLENCE A S A RESULT OF POLITICAL REPRESSION
2. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE OR ABUSE OF WOMEN IN INTIMATE RELATIONSHIPS
6. SEXUAL DISCRIMINATION AND EXPLOITATION
3. RAPE, INCEST AND SEXUAL ABUSE
7. LIMITED ACCESS TO REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH CARE
4. SEXUAL HARASSMENT (highlights the unequal relationship of men and women) THE STRUGGLE CONTINUES...
GABRIELA continues to wage anti-VAW campaigns while servicing victims of VAW.
In the past five years alone, we have launched the VOW vs. VAW (Voices of Women vs. Violence Against
Women) in 2002 and the Blow-a-Whistle Campaign in 2003. Through the VOW vs. VAW GABRIELA
brought the issue of VAW to different schools and communities where women were taught about asserting their rights. Indeed, in their fight against different forms of violence against women, they also fight for the change of the feudal patriarchal system that pervades in the Philippines today. And as long as the semi-feudal economy keep most of our people in bondage and poverty, many more women and children will suffer. GABRIELA stands for General Assembly Binding women for Reforms, Integrity, Equality, Leadership, and Action THE GABRIELA EXPERIENCE The National Women's Day, celebrated on the 8th day of March of every year, was created as a working special holiday in recognition for the contributions of Filipino Women in nation building and development. It was created by virtue of Republic Act No. 6949 of the 8th Congress of the Philippines. The issue concerning women's suffrage in the Philippines was settled in a special
plebiscite held on April 30, 1937, in
which only men could vote. Ninety percent of voters were in favor of
the measure. In compliance with the
1935 Constitution, the National
Assembly passed a law which
extended right of
suffrage to women. Philippine WOMEN SUFFRAGE PLEBISCITE, 1937 Legislation The Philippines has enacted several laws protecting women from violence:
Anti-Rape and Rape Victim Assistance and Protection
Anti-Trafficking in Persons
Anti-Violence against Women and Children with Women’s and Children’s Desks and Services.
The Republic Act 9262 - The Anti-Violence Against Women Act was passed in 2004. In 2007, Senator Pia S. Cayetano filed Senate Bill No. 1407 in the Philippine Senate seeking to declare November 25 of every year as the “National Consciousness Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women” in the Philippines. Philippine Commission on Women (formerly the National Commission on the Role of the Filipino Women) It is a government agency run by the government of the Philippines with the intention of promoting and protecting the rights of the Women in the Philippines. It was established on January 7, 1975 through Presidential Decree No. 633. On August 14, 2009, the Magna Carta of Women was signed into law providing better protection for women. Magna Carta of Women (R.A 9710) August 14, 2009, Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed Republic Act 9710, (also known as Magna Carta of Women)
Under the law, the "National Commission on the Role of Filipino Women" would be renamed the "Philippine Commission on Women". It will give way to the creation of the Gender Ombudsman under the Commission on Human Rights that will specifically handle women’s rights concerns. The law will also provide penalties for the violation of the provisions of the magna carta Features of the Law include: Review amendment or repeal of laws that are discriminatory to women.
Ensure women’s equitable participation and representation in government, political parties, international bodies, civil service, and the private sector.
Afford equal opportunities to women in relation to education, employment, livelihood, social protection, and others, and including women in the military.
Mandate access to information and services pertaining to women’s health. The Magna Carta of Women guarantees the rights of women, including farmers and rural workers, informal sector workers and the urban poor, indigenous women, and those with disabilities, as well as older women and girls. These guarantees rights that include those involving food security, affordable and secure housing, employment, the recognition and preservation of cultural identity, and to women's inclusion in discussions pertaining to development and peace issues http://en.wikipedia.org http://en.wikipedia.org NATIONAL WOMEN's DAY R.A. 7192 An Act Promoting the Integration of Women as Full and Equal Partners of Men in Development and Nation Building and for Other Purposes by 8th Congress Of The Philippines. Fifth Regular Session. 1991 It promotes the integration of women as full and equal partners of men in development and nation building. To attain this goal, it instructs the National Economic Development Authority (NEDA) to ensure that a substantial portion of ''foreign development assistance funds'' to support programs for women be utilized by government agencies for the benefit and participation of women in national development. Furthermore, it provides women equal rights in entering contracts and loan agreements, equal privileges in clubs and organizations devoted to public purpose, and equal opportunities for admission, training, and commissioning in all military schools of the Armed Forces of the Philippines and the Philippine National Police . http://www.filipiniana.net Republic Act 7192 bestows women the following rights:
1. Women of legal age have the right to enter into contracts.
2. Women shall enjoy access to membership in all social, civic and
recreational clubs or organizations devoted to public service.
3. Women have the right to be admitted to military schools.
4. Married women are entitled to voluntary membership to PAGIBIG,
GSIS or SSS upon their working spouses’ consent CEDAW Watch Philippines aims to promote women's human rights though the popularization of and effective implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) Article 1: DEFINES DISCRIMINATION Defines discrimination against women to
cover all facets of human rights
and fundamental freedoms. ARTICLE 2: DUTY OF THE STATE The state must ensure the discrimination in laws, policies and practices nationally. ARTICLE 3: EQUALITY Women are fundamentally equal with
men in all spheres of life. Countries must
take measures to uphold women's equality in
the political, social, economic, and cultural fields. ARTICLE 4: TEMPORARY MEASURES Countries may implement temporary
special measures to
accelerate women's equality. ARTICLE 5: PREJUDICE Countries agree to modify or eliminate
practices based on assumptions
about the inferiority
or superiority of either sex ARTICLE 6: Countries agree to take steps to suppress
the exploitation of prostitution
and trafficking in women TRAFFICKING ARTICLE 7: POLITICAL AND PUBLIC LIFE Women have an equal right to vote,
hold public office, and
participate in civil society. ARTICLE 8: GOVERNMENTAL REPRESENTATION Women have the right to work
at the international level
without discrimination. ARTICLE 9: NATIONALITY Women have equal rights with
men to acquire, change, or
retain their nationality and that
of their children. ARTICLE 10: EDUCATION Women have equal rights with men in
education, including equal access
to schools, vocational training, and
scholarship opportunities. ARTICLE 11: EMPLOYMENT Women have equal rights in employment,
including without discrimination on the basis of marital status or maternity. ARTICLE 12: HEALTH Women have equal rights to
affordable health care services. ARTICLE 13: ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL LIFE Women have equal rights to family
benefits, financial credit, and participation
in recreational activities. ARTICLE 14: RURAL WOMEN Rural women have the right to
adequate living conditions, participation
in development planning, and access to
health care and education. ARTICLE 15: EQUALITY BEFORE THE LAW Women and men are equal before the law.
Women have the legal right to enter contracts,
own property, and choose their place of residence. ARTICLE 16: MARRIAGE AND FAMILY Women have equal rights with men
in matters related to marriage
and family relations. ARTICLE 17-24: The Committee on CEDAW and
reporting procedures. ARTICLE 25-30: Administration of the Convention. Our goal is to end inequality between boys and girls and to give every girl access to her rights and a voice in decision-making. Dialectics of Karl Marx WOMEN MEN/
GOVERNMENT NO FREEDOM GENDER Analysis Gender:
- Women is Feminine, so they are weak and always in bottom. Sex: FEMALE SEXUALITY:
- HETERO-SEXUAL (Attracted to Opposite Sex) CLASS Analysis WOMEN MEN BOURGEOUISE/
ABUSED FORM OF ABUSE