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The Roaring 20's
Transcript of The Roaring 20's
the 1920s A clash between
and the countryside "THE USA IN THE 1920s:
SOCIAL CHANGES" Lifestyle
Intolerance Americans were afraid that with
the new immigrants from Italy, Eastern
Europe, and the USSR, radical ideas such
as Communism would pervade American
society First African-Americans: slaves in the south of the USA
When freed, they worked on farms
Crisis in the farm sector: unemployment
They moved to the cities
They couldn't vote (they were majority and whites thought they would win power)
Competence with whites and other minorities for jobs
Ku Klux Klan: a white supremacy movement that used violence to intimidate African-Americans Some improvements:
In the north, better chances of getting good jobs and a good education
Famous jazz musicians, writers, NAACP campaigned to end racial segregation Native-Americans lived in poverty,
with a low life expectancy, they had a poor education and poorly paid jobs. They were losing their culture by schools that forced their children to be "assimilated" into white American Culture
They lived in infertile pieces of land called "reservations" Clash between city and country
Rural Americans disagreed with the theory of Evolution, Fundamentalist groups said this idea contradicted the Bible
In 6 states, Fundamentalists passed laws banning the teaching of the Theory of Evolution at schools
A Biology Teacher broke the law on purpose teaching this theory to take the case to court
Finally, the Fundamentalists were publicly ridiculed when they showed lack of arguments and confusion Convicted and executed
on flimsy evidence Flappers
Kissed in public
Inequality No family values
Less religious Family Values
Conservative "Temperance" movements began in rural areas in the 19th century
They wanted to ban alcohol because they believed it destroyed family values
In some states, the production, selling and consumption of alcohol was prohibited
In the 20th century, the campaign became national
Leading industrialists backed the movement saying that workers did better without drinking. Politicians backed it because prohibition gave them votes in rural areas
Supporters of PROHIBITION were known as the DRIES
1917: 18th Amendment to the Constitutions banning the production, selling and consumption of alcohol Prohibition lasted from 1920 to 1933
The levels of alcohol consumption fell by about 30%
in rural areas, not in urban states
PROHIBITION AGENTS: Einstein and Smith, they arrested people breaking the 18th Amendment
Anyway, there was CORRUPTION: BOOTLEGGERS (suppliers of illegal alcohol) made vast fortunes
E.g. Al Capone made around $60 million a year out of his SPEAKEASIES
ILLEGAL STILLS (short for distilleries) sprang up all over the USA Why was prohibition ended?
The gangsters worked together with corrupt policemen to make more money
The gangs began to fight to protect their "territories"
The USA became lawless, with rich gangsters and corrupt policemen
After the CRASH, ending PROHIBITION would create jobs and raise tax revenue. Roosevelt did end Prohibition in 1933 Contrary to what we might expect,
during the Roaring 1920s not everyone
was having fun and enjoying themselves.
There was a lot of inequality, segregation,
and discrimination, due to economic
drawbacks as well as the new values that
had been developed in the cities By Professor Carlos Echegaray
Based on "Modern World History"
Ben Walsh, 2004, London, Murray Publishers Professor Carlos Echegaray The Red Scare Women are considered
a minority group in the USA
because they experience
INEQUALITY COLONIAL LIFE
"English Common Law"
single submitted to father
married submitted to husband Reasons
Physically frail (just to bear children)
Mentally limited (little education)
Religion (God's punishment for Eve's sin) But historical facts contradicted this view
Women's skills were necessary on the frontier
As US settlements moved westwards, fewer men in the east, so women had to take their roles/positions
Industrial Revolution 19th CENTURY Reformers Academies Parallel blacks/women Teachers First Suffragettes 20th CENTURY
19th Amendment (1920 - right to vote)
WWII - work, but low wages
Civil Rights Act (1964 - ban discrimination on race/sex)
Maternity Leave (1993) BUT
EQUAL RIGHTS AMENDMENT
(since 1923, to eliminate legal inequalities between men and women) Entertainment