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on 24 January 2014

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Transcript of Poaching

What is poaching?
"Illegal killing or taking of any wildlife."
Killing an animal out of season
Illegal taking of an animal to be sold in international trade of illegal wildlife and wildlife products ( skin, antlers, fur, etc)
Poaching doesn't just include killing of wild animals but includes illegal taking of wild plants.
It is a deadly crime against wild life
it’s second only to habitat destruction as a cause of loss for many species

Poaching vs Hunting
"Hunting is defined as the act of pursuing animals for food or for recreation. The animals that are hunted are called game. They can be mammals, birds, or fish. Pests and vermin are also hunted to safeguard other animals from getting overwhelmed by them."
Hunting maintains ecological balance
Hunting becomes poaching when:
hunting animals when not in season and not during legal hours.
hunters don’t have permits and use illegal weapons, spotlights, stun guns, or are hunting from a moving vehicle.
hunters are using bait which is not suitable for the animal’s health.
the plant or animal has been tagged by a researcher or it is on the endangered list
the hunters are hunting on private property without permission from the owners
the animals, animal parts, or plants are sold for profit
Poaching can deplete our resources

Illegal Wildlife Trade
Big threat to conservation
Wild life and animals are trafficked much like illegal drugs and arms
Food( wild meat is growing in Eastern and Southern Africa in response to increased human populations and poverty)
Fuel (Mainly trees and plants)
Clothing and Ornaments( leathers, furs, feathers)
Collections(many wildlife specimens and curios are collected by museums and private individuals)
¨ivory estimated to weigh more than 23 metric tons—a figure that represents 2,500 elephants—was seized in the 13 largest seizures of illegal ivory in 2011. Poaching threatens the last of our wild tigers that number as few as 3,200¨
Poachers kill for profit. For example, bear gall bladders and big horned sheep antlers are worth top dollar for their so-called medicinal properties
Effects of Poaching
Negatively effects the ecosystem:
The balance between species
When the North American Gray Wolf was on the brink of extinction, due to trophy hunting and poaching, the elk populations in Yellowstone National Park soared.
Tigers are of imminent danger to extinction( 3,200 left), since apex predator they help keep local prey populations under control
Extinction of species can have a negative economic effect on a local community’s tourism industry
Some species will become extinct if continued to be hunted and the effects will be irreversible
Top 25 Most Endangered Species on Earth

Hawaiian Monk Seal
Mountain Gorilla
Island Fox
Bactrian Camel
Catarina Pupfish
Mediterranean Monk Seal
Phillipine Eagle
California Condor
Amur Lepord
Sumatran,Javan, Northern White Rhinoceros
Brazillian Mergansers
Hawaiian Crow
Arakan Forest Turtle
Liberian Lynx
Spixs Macaw
Siamese Crocodile
Brown Spider Monkey
Mexican Wolf

¨Wildlife trade is any sale or exchange of wild animal and plant resources by people. This can involve live animals and plants or a diverse range of products needed or prized by humans—including skins, medicinal ingredients, tourist curios, timber, fish and other food products. Most wildlife trade is probably within national borders, but there is a large volume of wildlife in trade internationally.¨
Hot Spots
These hot spots are where trade is particularly threatening
Places include:
China's international borders
Trade hubs in East/Southern Africa and Southeast Asia
Eastern border of European Union
Some markets in Mexico
Parts of the Caribbean
Parts of Indonesia
New Guinea
Solomon Islands
Northern White Rhinoceros
Considered extinct
Last 10 are protected in conservation centers located in California and the Czech Republic
Amur Leopard
Population is down 349
Constantly being poached for the skin
Found in southeastern of Russia near the chinese border
Brown Spider Monkey
Population of 60
Due to relentless hunting and wild animal trades, usually occur in northern Columbia and northwest Venezuela
Javan Rhinoceros
Only 72 left to be known to exist in the wild
Poached for their horns, often used in Chinese medicine
Cost of a horn is $30,000
Mountain Gorillas
Population less 880
Decrease due to:
Killed for meat
Loss of Habitat

Legal Wildlife Trade
Is distinguished by the sale of wildlife, yet done so in a sustainable manner.
Sale of animals from Wildlife farms, which are raising of non-domesticated animals in an agricultural setting to produce whole living animals and commodities such as food, traditional medicine and fiber.
Wild plants and animals are caught or harvested from the wild and then sold legitimately as food, pets, ornamental plants, leather, tourist ornaments, and medicine
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