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Skimming & Scanning

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Ineke Vitriani

on 13 February 2013

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Transcript of Skimming & Scanning

Scanning How to skim Read the title
Read the first sentence of every other paragraph
Read any headings and sub headings
Notice any picture, charts or graphs
Notice any italicized or boldface words or phrases
Reads the summary or last paragraph Advantages Skimming is useful when you have to decide if a long piece of writing is worth close study. If a student with an hour to do some research is presented with 10 textbooks and, there won't be time to read them all

It makes sense to swiftly appraise them and choose the most relevant one

Skimming can also be an effective way of quickly reviewing something that has been read previously, so that the reader can recall the most significant parts How to scan State the specific information you are looking for.

Try to anticipate how the answer will appears what clues you might use to help you locate the answer. For example, if you were looking for a certain date, you would quickly read the paragraph looking only for numbers.

Use headings and any other aids that will help you identify which sections might contain the information you are looking for.

Selectively read skip though sections of the passage. Advantages
Scanning allows the reader to efficiently gather information, which may be scattered throughout a long piece of writing

It encourages the reader to research in a purposeful way and avoid distractions. According to Anne Arundel Community College's Reading and Study Skills Lab, scanning can be done at approximately 1,500 words a minute, or even more Scanning Vs. Skimming It is impossible to say which technique is better, as it depends on the reader's purpose. According to the Advanced Institute of Management Research at Cranfield University, in the United Kingdom, skimming and scanning have their place, but only if you "match your reading strategy to the reading purpose." If you need a general idea of a book's subject-matter, choose skimming. If you need to gather specific information from a newspaper article, choose scanning Skimming SKIMMING & SCANNING Thanks a lot for your attention! Skimming and scanning are two techniques that can help readers quickly gain information from a book, magazine, newspaper or website without having to read every word. When used well, both skimming and scanning can save readers time and allow them to study more efficiently It means reading quickly for general meaning. You skim reading material to find out about topic, the main idea, and generic structure of passage. For this kind of reading, you only want to find out something and don’t want to know and memorize everything you read. In fact, you should leave out everything except a few important words. There are the words that tell you the general idea The reader is not interested in all the detail, getting the gist is enough. Skimmers run their eye down the page or screen looking for pointers that sum up the contents. Subheadings or bullet points attract their attention, as do the introductory phrases of paragraphs and the concluding ones. In longer texts, skimmers check the contents lists, the opening and closing paragraphs of chapters, and any introductions, conclusions or summaries Skimming is done at a speed three to four times faster than normal reading. People often skim when they have lots of material to read in a limited amount of time Use skimming when you want to see if an article may be of interest in your research. There are many strategies that can be used when skimming. Some people read the first and last paragraphs using headings, summarizes and other organizers as they move down the page or screen. You might read the title, subtitles, subheading, and illustrations. Consider reading the first sentence of each paragraph This technique is useful when you're seeking specific information rather than reading for comprehension. Skimming works well to find dates, names, and places. It might be used to review graphs, tables, and charts Disadvantages Skimming a book, article or webpage only gives the reader a general idea of its contents.Nuances, vital details and caveats are easily missed. This can produce a confused or misleading impression

Skimming works well when dealing with clear subjects that lend themselves to a general overview, such as a chronological description of an event. Skimming is far less effective in making sense of complex discussions or detailed arguments Disadvantages Scanning can be monotonous and the technique is not suited for long periods of study, as it is easy to lose concentration

Although scanning is a good way to quickly gather facts, it is not always thorough and a key fact may be overlooked. The context in which a fact appears may affect its meaning

Without reading the surrounding text, it is easy to misinterpret a fact's true significance It means knowing what information you need to find before you read. You have something in your mind, your eyes, then, move quickly to find that particular information. You scan when you are looking for a fact or a detail or a particular vocabulary word. When you are scanning, you don’t have to read every word to answer the questions and don’t have understand every word Readers scan a piece of writing when they quickly search it for specific information. Scanners will make use of a book's index and contents page. When running their eye over the text, they will look out for keywords relevant to their search It’s a technique you often use when looking up a word in the telephone book or dictionary You search for key words or ideas. In most cases, you know what you're looking for, so you're concentrating on finding a particular answer Scanning is also used when you first find a resource to determine whether it will answer your questions. Once you've scanned the document, you might go back and skim it When scanning, look for the author's use of organizers such as numbers, letters, steps, or the words, first, second, or next. Look for words that are bold faced, italics, or in a different font size, style, or color. Sometimes the author will put key ideas in the margin
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