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DAHL = Elements of Fiction
Transcript of DAHL = Elements of Fiction
Elements of Fiction?
Every story has a plot and characters. There must be a conflict or problem to solve. Stories need a beginning, a middle, and an end. Someone tells the story in a certain point of view. A story must happen somewhere and some-when, so there is always a setting. These are some of the elements that make stories for readers.
Conflict is a problem, a challenge, or a difficulty. Writers will use different types of conflict. Remember, without conflict, there is NO story.
A person, animal, or other element, that takes part in the action of a story and helps to develop the plot or storyline.
The plot is the story line. It begins with the "exposition" where the stage is set. Next comes rising action where things begin to happen. The action reaches a climax - the most exciting part of the story. Followed by falling action - events that "untie" the story (denouement) and finally, the resolution where conflict is resolved and...
A character can engage with another character in a mental or physical conflict.
Character vs. Character
Character vs. Environment
A character can struggle against a force of nature or society or some other powerful outside force.
Character vs. Self
A character can have an internal conflict and struggle mentally to overcome problems.
The main character in a story - the one that changes the most. Sometimes the "good guy".
The character who opposes the protagonist and causes them to change. Sometimes the "bad guy". The antagonist can be a force of nature.
Types of Characters
A character can be dynamic (changes) or static (stays the same).
Characters can be round
The story must happen somewhere and "some-when".
Theme is the message or lesson behind the story. It is often discovered by looking at the type of conflict within or between the characters. It cannot be expressed with one word. A sentence is required. Example: "Love conquers all."
Language is essential to the writer and the reader. Writers use language to tell the story and to engage the reader.
Symbolism is used in stories, poems, song lyrics, and life.
Tone and Mood?
Mood is how the story makes you feel. Tone is all about the writer's attitude. Tone or mood can often be expressed with one word.
Words reveal tone and mood.
Point of View?
The point of view is the perspective of the story teller. It is the reader's job to ask "Who is telling the story?
Third Person Omniscient
Third Person Limited
When a character is the narrator or storyteller it is called first person point of view. This storyteller "speaks" directly to the reader and uses pronouns like "I", "you", and "me".
It was the worst day of my life. Everyone was laughing at me.
If the whole story is told by only one character who does not know everything, it is called third person limited point of view. Pronouns like "they", "she", "he" are used.
They laughed at her and she ran crying out of the room. It must have been her worst day ever.
When the narrator is not part of a story and knows everything thing that happens, the point of view is called third person omniscient.
Sally dropped the whole plate of cookies and the class started laughing. She knew it was the worst day of her life but she didn't know that George did not laugh. She ran crying out of the room before she was able to see George yell at the other children for being so mean. Susan followed after Sally to bring her back so everyone could apologize.
Point of view
hints that suggest
events that will
words and phrases that
appeal to the reader's senses...
a contrast between what is expected and what really happens