Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Unit 2: How Fabric is Made

No description
by

Beth Olsen

on 10 February 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Unit 2: How Fabric is Made

Chapter 5: The Textile Industry and Home Sewing Patterns
Fabric Manufacturing
Fabric: cloth made from textile fibers and yarns
Woven, knit or produced by other methods


Greige Goods/ Gray Goods: unfinished fabrics
Textile Marketing
Marketing: process of finding or creating a profitable market for specific goods or services

Considers needs and wants of consumers


The Textile Industry
4 Steps in Production
1. Fiber Production
2. Yarn Production
3. Fabric Manufacturing
4. Fabric Finishing
Fiber Production
Fibers: thin, hair-like strands that are the basic units in textiles.

Natural: cotton, wool, flax, and silk
Plant or animal sources

http://prezi.com/wvjoethvgg89/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy&rc=ex0share

Manufactured: rayon, nylon, spandex, acetate, polyester
liquids that solidify into thin threads

http://prezi.com/3prnqhzplhhj/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy
Fabric Finishing
Bleaching - Dying - Printing - Applying Special Coatings

Imparts
color - texture - pattern - ease of care - other characteristics

Textile Converters: buy and handle greige goods - middle agents between mills and consumers
Distribution
Sell fabrics to apparel and accessory producers, fabric retailers, specialists for home and industrial use
Yarn Production
Yarns: continuous strands, usually of multiple fibers, ready for knitting, weaving, or other processing of cloth

Mills - spin fiber into yarns
Fabric Consideration
Durability: Resist wear and decay
Resiliency: Bounce back to shape
Luster: Shininess
Elasticity: Stretchiness
Abrasion: Resist friction
Fashion Fabric Sales
collections created for certain end uses
fabric libraries and boards
Technology
Research and Development
Improves old
Finds new
Innovation
creative forward thinking
Textiles Worldwide
Imports: Goods that come into the country from foreign sources
Exports: commercial products sent out to other countries
Trade Deficit: imports is greater than exports
The Future of Textiles
Innovation
Large firms buy up small ones
Demand increases as standard of living increases
Disposable textiles will become more common
Knits will grow, wovens will decrease
Home Sewing Patterns
Guide Sheets - directions and pictures
Includes tips to purchase all notions and fabrics
Signature Lines - endorsed by "celebrities"
Easy-to-Sew - simple to cut and make
Designing Home Sewing Patterns
Designers
Croquis - rough first sketch
Perfecting Patterns
Sloper: the company's basic size, programmed into software
1. Draping on body form
2. Partial muslin proof sewn
3. Full muslin protoype (full-scale trial)
4. Management approval
5. Muslin used to make paper pattern
6. Garment is constructed for photos
Finishing Patterns
7. Grading - marking of each pattern piece in all the sizes to be sold
8. Lay out charts
9. Guide sheet created
10. Pattern envelope developed
11. Tissue pattern, guide sheet and envelope printed and ready for sale
multisize patterns: several sizes on the same pattern
Serger - overlock sewing machine
custom patterns - fit individual measurements
software for home development of patterns
Innovations for the Future
Weaves to Demonstrate
Plain: Basic over under
Basket: Double over under
Twill: Diagonal lines on fabric
Satin:long runs of yarn over

1. Read: http://www.sew4home.com/tips-resources/buying-guide/all-about-fabric-weaves-tutorial
2. And then demonstrate
Blog Post

Do some research on textile innovations world wide. Find a recent article or YouTube Clip and add it to your blog. Add your thoughts and ideas.

Comment on one other blog.
Full transcript