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Tokugawa Japan

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on 8 March 2014

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Transcript of Tokugawa Japan

Professional entertainers who attend guest parties and banquets. They do traditional japanese art of dance, music and communication. There roles are to make guest feel ease with conversation and performance for events.
Geishas
made by the urban middle class for entertainment purposes
Kabuki theater is where only men were allowed to perform.
Also there was Bunraku puppet theater
Floating worlds (ukiyo)
Political: Japan became more centralized and united as one empire. Massive decline daiymos and samurai warriors
Economic: decrease relations with the outside world but growth in population.
Cultural: Many people were decline to poverty.There was the start of the middle class.
Changes within Japan
He was shogun not an emperor
Established alliances with neighboring Imagawa clan
He put in place laws for Japan which resulted in 300 years of peace and stability
Used feudalism system
,
Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616)
Shoguns ruled Japan while the emperor was merely a figurehead
constant civil war "country at war''
United under Tokugawa Ieyasu(r. 1600-1616)
Bakufu (aka tent government) were put in place: military rule over Japan by a shogun who impose the rule of the emperor
Begin the Tokugawa dynasty (1600-1867)
Unification of Japan
Tokugawa Japan
(1450-1750)


by: Jessica Maxwell and Radina Johnson
Feudal Society
Country at war
Control of the Daimyo
Economic Growth
Policy of Isolationism
Neo-confucianism
Christianity in Japan
Dutch In Japan
Tokugawa Ieyasu rejected it
Traditional values of filal piety and five relationship were emphasized
People of upper class with formal education were mostly exposed to Neo-Confucianism
By the 18th century Neo- Confucianism had become offical ideology of Tokugawa empire
Many different Europeans traders and missionaries enter Japan and made Christianity popular.
Many Japanese view them as barbaric.
Both Nobunaga and Hideyoshi restrict foreign access to Japan and persecute Christians.
Then there was a national seclusion policy that began in 1630 until 1730 when port of Nagaski allow foreign traders into their city.
exported metals like copper and silver and imported silk and spices
imposed a general ban upon trade in the outside world.
Shoguns issued a red-sealed patent to certain ships allowing them to trade abroad
New crops, irrigation system improved production of agriculture
population growth lead to laws for controlling Japan
Shogun control the daimyo in their territories were about 260 lords with military, school and foreign relations
In the capital city Edo ( present day Tokyo) shoguns require "alternate attendance"
Shoguns had to restrict foreign relations by forbidding imports for about 200 years
The shogun encouraged the daimyo to engage in peaceful activities
Each daimyo had their own government staff for military who support schools and paper money
Many daimyo establish relations with the Europeans mariners which help them learn how to manufacture gunpowder weapons but tokugawa Ieyasu did not approve
Last decades of the Sengoku era, cannons and personal firearms were important in Japanese conflicts

Jesuit Francis Xavier traveled to Japan in 1549 on mission
Government fear of foreign intrusion because of Confucians and Buddhist resent Christians
There was an anti-christian campaign 1587-1639 that restricts Christianity
Many Christians were persecuted some even crucified
Persecution of Christians
After 1639, Dutch merchants were principal source of information about Europeans to the japanese
Small numbers of japanese learn dutch to communicate with foreigners
After 1720, Tokugawa ban was lifted on imported books
European art influenced Japanese scholars in learning anatomy, astronomy, botany, medicine and artistic skills with scientific studies.
This picture is important it represents the 26 christians ( 3 were children) in Nagaski in 1597 who were crucified
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