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Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddess

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michelle macmillan

on 30 October 2013

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Transcript of Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddess

Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddess
BASTET
Bastet has the appearance of a woman with the head of a cat
She was one of the protective goddesses
She was most often seen as a gentile protective goddess
She sometimes appeared with the head of a female lioness to protect the Pharaoh during a battle
The symbol of Bastet was a cat
Bastet was one of the many sons and daughters of Re the sun god
ANUBIS
Anubis had the appearance of a man with the head of a jackal
He was the god of embalming and the dead
He was belived to help embalm Osiris after he was killed by Seth
Priests often wore a mask of Anubis while mummifying someone
ISIS
Isis had the appearance of a woman with a headdress in the shape of a throne with a sun disk and cow horns on it
She was a protective goddess like Bastet
She was believed to use powerful magic spells to help people in need
She was the mother of Horus and wife and sister of Osiris
She was very important because each pharoh was considered to be called the 'living Horus'
The "Isis knot" was a symbol of protection
NUT
Nut had the appearance of a woman in a dress of stars with her body arching across the sky
She was the sky goddess
She was the sister and wife of Geb the god of earth
She was also the mother of Isis, Osiris, Nepthys and, Seth
It was belived that at the end of the day Nut swallowed Re the sun god then the next morning gave birth to him again
HORUS
Horus had the apperance of a man with the head of a hawk
He was called 'The One Far Above'
He was the god of the sky
He was well-known as the protector of the Egyptian PHAROH
It was belived that the PHAROH was the 'living Horus'
The most common belief about Horus was that he was the son of Osiris
When his father was killed but his brother Seth, Horus fought against Seth for the throne of Egypt
RE
Re had the appearance of a man with the head of a hawk and a headdress of a sun disk
Re was the sun god, the most important god of the ancient egyptians
Ancient egyptians belived that Re was swallowed by Nut at the end of the day and was re-born in the morning
It was also belived that Re traveled through the underworld at night, where he had the appearance of a man with a rams head
OSIRIS
Osiris had the apperance of a mummified man with a white cone headdress with feathers
He was the god of the dead and the ruler of the underworld
He was also the god of resurrection and fertility
He was the brother and husband of Isis and the brother of Nepthys and Seth
It was belived that Osiris gave the gift of barley there most important crop
HAPY
Hapy had the apperance of a man with a pot belly and with some water plants
He was the god of innundation
He was extra important to the ancient Egyptians because he brought the Nile's flood every year
It then gave rich silt on the Nile's banks, allowing them to grow crops
BES
Bes had the apperance of a dwarf with the body of a lion
He was the protector of pregnant women, newborns and family
He was also protected against snake and scorpion bites
Amulets of Bes were very popular in ancient Egypt
MA'AT
Ma'at had the apperance of a woman with a feather on her head
She was the goddess of truth, harmony and justice, she had to do with the balance of human activity on Earth
She was one of the daughters of Re the sun god
PHAROHS were often shown in drawings giving offerings to Ma'at to showthat they are still preserving harmony and justice
The vizier was sometimes called the'Priests of Ma'at'
TAWARET
Tawaret had the appearance of a hippopotamus head, body of a lion, and the tail of a crocodile
She was the goddess who protected woman during childbirth and pregnancy
Tawaret was one of the gods/goddess who didn't have a built temple, she was worshiped in homes
AMUN
Amun had the appearance of a man with a ram head and wearing an ostrich plumed hat
He was one of the most powerful gods in all of ancient Egypt
When ancient Egypt was at its high, he was called the 'King of the Gods'
When he was combined with the sun god, Re, he was called Amun-Re and was even more powerful
NEPHTHYS
Nephthys had the apperance of a woman wearing a headdress with her name in hieroglyphs on it
She was the protective goddess of the dead
She was the sister of Osiris, Isis, and the wife and sister of Seth
She was the mother of Anubis
Nehthys was often shown on coffins or funerary scenes
SOBEK
Sobek had the apperance of a man with the head of a crocodile and ha headdress with feathers and a sun disk
He was a Nile god
He was connected with the Nile river
He also protected the king
In the temples built for Sobek , there were live crocodiles put in
THOTH
Thoth had the apperance of a man with the head of an ibis with a writing palette in his hand
He was the god of writing and knowledge
It was believed that Thoth gave the gift of hieroglyphic writing
He was also connected to the moon
PTAH
Ptah had the apperance of a man wraped in a tight white cloak with a staff in his hand
He was the god of craftsmen
One myth the ancient Egyptians believed was that he was a creator god, he would speak the words and then the worl came into being
RE-HORAKHTY
Re-Horakhty had the appearance of a man with the head of a hawk with a sun disk headdress
He was a combo of the gods Horus and Re
Horus was the god of the sky
Re was the sun god
So it was belived that Re-Horakhty was thought of as the god of the rising sun
SETH
Seth had the appearance of a man with the head of a 'Seth animal(unidentifiable)
He was the god of chaos
He represented everything that threatened ancient Egyptian harmony
He was the brother of Osiris and Isis and the husband/brother of Nepthys
He murdered Osiris hen battled Horus for the throne
At certain times Seht was associated with royalty
NEHEBKAU
Nehebkau had the appearance of a man with the head of a snake and the Atef-crown
He was the god of serpents
His nickname was 'He Who Unites the Kas'
He was metioned in 'the Book of The Dead'
He would sometimes be seen making food offerings to the deceased
He helped with the creation of the world
ASH(AS)
Ash had the apperance of a man with the head of a hawk and a white headdress
He was around durring the first dynastys
He was sometimes called 'The Lord of Libya'
When the Old Kingdom came Ash lost his fame and Seth took his place
CITATIONS
http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/gods/explore/main.html
http://www.nemo.nu/ibisportal/0egyptintro/1egypt/
Please copy and paste these websites to find them
THANK-YOU

that's Geb
GEB
Geb has the appearance of a man with a goose on his head and lying down under Nut the sky goddess
He was the god of the Earth
He was the brother and husband of Nut and the father of Osiris, Isis, Nepthys, and Seth
Geb made Horus the ruler of the living when Horus and Seth fought for the throne
It was believed that earthquakes were Geb's laughter
Full transcript