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Elements of Performing Arts

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Jaina Bello

on 22 January 2014

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Transcript of Elements of Performing Arts

Dance
generally refers to human movement either used as a form of expression or presented in a social, spiritual or performance setting.



Elements of Performing Arts
Performing arts includes…..
 acrobatics
busking
comedy
dance
magic
music
opera
operetta
 film
 juggling
Martial arts

Elements of PERFORMING ARTS by forms……
MAJOR FORMS MINOR FORMS GENRES

BALLET CIRCUS SKILL COMEDY
DANCE MAGIC DRAMA
MUSIC MIME EPIC
OPERA PUPPETRY LYRICAL
THEATRE SPEECH ROMANCE
TRADGEDY
TRAGICOMEDY
SATIRE






Elements……
Music:
-is an art form whose medium is sound and silence.

FIRST…..WHAT IS PERFORMING ARTS?
-->are art forms in which artists use their body or voice to convey artistic expression—as opposed to visual arts, in which artists use paint/canvas or various materials to create physical art objects. The first recorded use of the term performing arts was in 1711.

-->Performing arts are also supported by the services of other artists or essential workers, such as song writing and stagecraft.

Fundamentals of music:
Pitch -  is a subjective sensation, reflecting generally the lowness (lower frequency sound wave) or highness (higher frequency sound wave) of a sound. 
Rhythm – the time element of music.  A specific rhythm is a specific pattern in time; we usually hear these in relation to a steady pulse, and mentally organize this pulse or tempo into meter(sometimes called a "time signature").
Timbre – sound quality or tone color; timbre is the characteristic that allows us to distinguish between one instrument and another, and the difference between vowel sounds (for example, long "a" or "ee").
Texture - is the overall sound of a piece of music commonly described according to the number of and relationship between parts or lines of music.
 monophonic (one voice or line),
polyphonic (many voices, usually similar, as in Renaissance or Baroque counterpoint),
homophonic
1. a melody with simple accompaniment
 2.  chords moving in the same rhythm (homorhythmic))
heterophony – “mixed” or multiple similar versions of a melody performed simultaneously (rare in European music; possibly used in Ancient Greece)
collage – juxtaposition & superimposition of extremely different textures or sounds
  Harmony - is the study of vertical sonorities in music.
Dynamics – loud or soft.  A composition that has extremely soft passages as well as extremely loud passages is said to have a large or wide dynamic range.
 dynamic range
* crescendo - getting louder
* decrescendo -getting softer
Melody - or musical line, is a combination of pitch and rhythm (some say "duration").  Sometimes a melody is considered to be the theme of a composition.
contour (rising or falling) - characterize melody
*conjunct melody - melody that uses small/smooth intervals.
*disjunct melody - melody that uses large intervals.
Theatre:
is the branch of the performing arts concerned with acting out stories in front of an audience using combinations of speech, gesture, music, dance, sound and spectacle – indeed any one or more elements of the other performing arts. In addition to the standard narrative dialogue style, theatre takes such forms as:
 opera
 ballet
Mime
 kabuki
classical Indian dance
 Chinese opera 
 mummers' plays.

Fundamentals of theatre/ drama
1. Something that is performed.This might be a formal script or it could be a general scenario or even just a basic plan or sketch of what is going to happen.
Comic routines as seen at Comedy Clubs. 
Shakespearian Tragedy performed by the major theatre companies with enormous casts. 
New Australian plays performed at La Boite with 5or 6 actors.  Vaudeville
Pantomimes like Disney on Ice. 
Musical Plays like Les Miserables. 
Street Carnivals like the Racecourse Road Fair or the Spring Hill Fair. Agricultural carnivals like the Brisbane’s EKKA or the Sydney’s Royal Easter Show. 
Parades like Brisbane’s Christmas Twilight Parade at South Bank, Sydney’s Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras, or Melbourne’s Moomba.
2. The performance - The creation and presentation of a production that is the site for the transformation of the script, the scenario, or the plan into reality.
3. The audienceSomeone needs to see the performance before it can really be recognised as a performance.
 They give feedback to the actors. Their reactions may influence the performance (eg if one group in the audience starts to laugh at something serious then the rest of the audience may respond in the same way).  Audiences affect the theatre through their expectations and
Fundamentals of dance:
Ballet - to understand and explore the many dance forms which it inspired, as well as giving them an appreciation of beauty born of tradition and form and will increase students strength, flexibility and coordination.
Pointe - is the part of classical ballet technique that concerns pointe work, in which a ballet dancer supports all body weight on the tips of fully extended feet.
Jazz -  A mixture of African, European and American dance styles, jazz dance stretches, elaborates and even breaks the rules of classical dance.
Hip Hop - is a high energy street dance style closely allied with trends in popular music. An ever evolving art form, hip hop incorporates elements of improvisation and personal expression in performance. 
Tap - music with your feet ;can help us to expands the mind's ability to remember and repeat patterns, developing mental concentration and physical coordination.
Musical Theatre - is an introduction to acting, dance, vocal skills, musical theater, characterization, theater vocabulary and performing skills.
Elements:
the body is the mobile figure or shape, felt by the dancer, seen by others. The body is sometimes relatively still and sometimes changing as the dancer moves in place or travels through the dance area.
action is made up of streams of movement and pauses, can include dance steps, facial movements, lifts, carries, and catches, and even everyday movements such as walking. 
  Dancers interact with space in myriad ways. They may stay in one place and move parts of their body or their whole body, or they may travel from one place to another. They may alter the direction, level, size, and pathways of their movements.
Time is a Human movement that is naturally rhythmic in the broad sense that we alternate activity and rest. Breath and waves are examples.
Energy is about how it refers to the force of an action and can mean both the physical and psychic energy that drives and characterizes movement. 

opera
is an art form in which singers and musicians perform a dramatic work combining text (called a libretto) and musical score, usually in a theatrical setting.
Opera incorporates many of the elements of spoken theatre, such as acting, scenery, and costumes and sometimes includes dance. The performance is typically given in an opera house, accompanied by an orchestra or smaller musical ensemble.

ballet
is a type of performance dance that originated in the Italia Renaissance courts of the 15th century and later developed into a concer dance form in France and Russia.
may also refer to a ballet dance work, which consists of thechoreography and music for a ballet production. A well-known example of this is The Nutcracker

minor
Circus skills
- are a group of pursuits that have been performed as entertainment in circus, sideshow, busking orvariety/vaudeville/music hall shows. Most circus skills are still being performed today. Many are also practiced by non-performers as a hobby.

magic
sometimes referred to as stage magic to distinguish it from paranormal or ritual magic is a performing art that entertains audiences by staging tricks or creating illusions of seemingly impossible or supernatural feats using natural means. These feats are called magic tricks, effects, or illusions
mime
is someone who uses mime as a theatrical medium or as a performance art, involving miming, or the acting out a story through body motions, without use of speech.
is to be distinguished from silent comedy, in which the artist is a seamless character in a film or sketch.

puppetry
is a form of theatre or performance that involves the manipulation of puppets. It is very ancient, and is believed to have originated 3000 years BC.
Puppetry is used in almost all human societies both as entertainment – in performance – and ceremonially in rituals and celebrations such as carnivals.
Most puppetry involves storytelling

speech
is the process and act of speaking or giving a lecture to a group of people in a structured, deliberate manner intended to inform, influence, or entertain a listening audience.
 is commonly understood as face-to-face speaking between individuals and an audience for the purpose of communication.

History of western performing arts……
 6th century BC – the classical period of performing art began in greece by tragic poets such as Sophocles.
The Hellenistic period began the widespread use of comedy.
6th century AD – wester performing art had been largely ended as the Dark Ages began.
9th century – 14th century – performing arts in the west was limited to religious historical enactments and morality plays by the church in celebration for holy days.

Renaissance
15th century - performing arts along with the arts in general saw a revival as the Renaissance began in Italy and spread throughout the Europe plays.
This is the time where the ballet dance discovered
Mid-16th century – commedia dell’arte became popular in Europe, Elizabeth masque featured music, dance and elaborate costumes as well as professional theatrical companies in England
Late 16th century – William Shakespeare’s plays developed a new class of professional performers.
17th century – the first opera was performed by Dafne and rapidly become the entertainment of choice of the aristocracy in most in Europe

Modern Era
17th century – established the traditional theatre during the introduction of the proscenium arch in Italy.
In England the Puritans forbid acting bringing halt to performing arts that lasted until 1660.
18th century – the introduction of the popular opera buffa brought opera to the masses as an accessible form of performance. Ex: Mozart’s The Marriage of Figaro and Don Giovanni.
19th century – Beethoven and the Romantic movement ushered in a new era that lead first to the spectacles of grand opera and the musical dramas.
1930’s – Jean Rosenthal introduced the changing the nature of the stage as the broadway musical became phenomenon in the united states.

Post – war performance
-> Post-World War II performing arts were highlighted by the resurgence of both ballet and opera in the Western world.
-> Rock and Roll evolved from rhythm and blues during the 1950s, and became the staple musical form of popular entertainment.
Since then, many forms of music have evolved, and in the mainstream, popular music is being listened to by most people.

Eastern performing arts
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