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Circle of Fifths

This Prezi is intended to help explain the Circle of Fifths!
by

Russ Callahan

on 24 July 2013

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Transcript of Circle of Fifths

This prezi will guide you through one of the most important musical concepts, the circle of fifths...
Circle of Fifths
First we start with the order of sharps at the top right corner...
Order of Sharps: FCGDAEB
Here is a great way to remember the sharps....

Fat Cats Go Down Alleys Eating Birds
...Then, we add the order of flats at the top left corner...
Order of Sharps: FCGDAEB
Here is a great way to remember the sharps....

Fat Cats Go Down Alleys Eating Birds
Order of Flats: BEADGCF
Here is a great way to remember the flats....

It's the sharps backwards!
...Then, we start adding to the circle beginning with C, which has zero sharps or flats
Order of Sharps: FCGDAEB
Order of Flats BEADGCF
C: 0
...Next, we move clockwise around the circle, adding G because G is five notes from C.
Order of Sharps: FCGDAEB
Order of Flats: BEADGCF
C: 0
G: 1#
...Next, we move clockwise around the circle, adding D because D is five notes from G.
Order of Sharps: FCGDAEB
Order of Flats: BEADGCF
C: 0
G: 1#
D: 2#
...Next, we move clockwise around the circle, adding A because A is five notes from D. Notice a pattern? This is why it is often called The Circle of "Fifths"
Order of Sharps: FCGDAEB
Order of Flats: BEADGCF
C: 0
G: 1#
D: 2#
A: 3#
...We continue another five notes to E
Order of Sharps: FCGDAEB
Order of Flats: BEADGCF
C: 0
G: 1#
D: 2#
A: 3#
E: 4#
...We continue another five notes to B
Order of Sharps: FCGDAEB
Order of Flats: BEADGCF
C: 0
G: 1#
D: 2#
A: 3#
E: 4#
B: 5#
...We continue another five notes, but now you have to really start thinking..

Five notes from B is F# because F# is in the key of B as we just learned!

Since we are halfway through the circle, it is time to add our flat keys as well. The first two flat keys will have enharmonic equivalents in sharp keys.
Order of Sharps: FCGDAEB
Order of Flats BEADGCF
C: 0
G: 1#
D: 2#
A: 3#
E: 4#
B: 5#
F#: 6#
...We continue another five notes to C#
One easy way to remember C keys (C, C#, is Cb) is to think of them as all or nothing keys...C-nothing, C#-all sharps, Cb-all flats!
Gb: 6b
Enharmonic = Two notes that sound the same, but are spelled differently. EX: F# & Gb, A# & Bb
Order of Sharps: FCGDAEB
Order of Flats BEADGCF
C: 0
G: 1#
D: 2#
A: 3#
E: 4#
B: 5#
F#: 6#
Gb: 6b
C#: 7#
Db: 5b
The enharmonic of C# is Db, so the next flat key is Db and we now start counting back to 1. Since Gb had 6 flats, Db now has 5 flats.
Order of Sharps: FCGDAEB
Order of Flats: BEADGCF
C: 0
G: 1#
D: 2#
A: 3#
E: 4#
B: 5#
F#: 6#
Gb: 6b
C#: 7#
Db: 5b
We continue another five notes from Db, and land on Ab. We are still counting down so now we have 4 flats.
Ab: 4b
Order of Sharps: FCGDAEB
Order of Flats: BEADGCF
C: 0
G: 1#
D: 2#
A: 3#
E: 4#
B: 5#
F#: 6#
Gb: 6b
C#: 7#
Db: 5b
Almost done...another five notes gets us to Eb and 3 flats.
Ab: 4b
Eb: 3b
Order of Sharps: FCGDAEB
Order of Flats: BEADGCF
C: 0
G: 1#
D: 2#
A: 3#
E: 4#
B: 5#
F#: 6#
Gb: 6b
C#: 7#
Db: 5b
Even closer...another five notes gets us to Bb and 2 flats.
Ab: 4b
Eb: 3b
Bb: 2b
Order of Sharps: FCGDAEB
Order of Flats: BEADGCF
C: 0
G: 1#
D: 2#
A: 3#
E: 4#
B: 5#
F#: 6#
Gb: 6b
C#: 7#
Db: 5b
Done!..another five notes completes the circle at F with 1 flat.
Ab: 4b
Eb: 3b
Bb: 2b
F: 1b
Cb: 7b
Notice that we have three enharmonic keys. Of course, they sound the same, but are spelled differently.
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