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Chapter 18: Section 2
Transcript of Chapter 18: Section 2
Miners, ranchers, settlers moving west might have helped our economy, but it created all sorts of issues for the Native Americans.
As more settlers move into the Great plains,
the US government sends in negotiators
to protect the settlers from.....
But who could blame the
Indians for being upset, the
Buffalo meant everything to
them and the settlers were
killing their buffalo.
and so once again the US and
the Native Americans do not get along.
DATE: 1851, 1868
Treaty of Fort Laramie
- US gov't said they would respect that most of the Great Plains was Indian's land
- Wanted to build roads and forts in the Great Plains
EVENT: Gold found in Colorado
-Thousands of miners go to Colorado
-Miners and Indians clash!
-Indians agree to move to reservation
CAUSES HUGE TENSIONS
EVENT: The Long Walk
OUTCOME: Forced Migration
-Navajo of Arizona refused to settle on reservation
-US Army raided their fields, homes and livestock
-Navajo run out of food, forced to surrender
-March 300 miles to reservation in New Mexico
-Many died along the way
EVENT: US Army Forts invade Sioux hunting grounds
-Crazy Horse leads group of Indians and ambushes 81 US troops
Treaty of Medicine Lodge
-Most southern Plains Indians agree to live on reservations
-When some Indians fought back the U.S. Army cuts off food supply to Indians, and the Indians are forced to surrender
Battle of Little Big Horn
-GOLD found in the Dakotas, miners want land
-Sitting Bull says no to giving up the land
-Battle between the Indians and the US Army
-Indians owned the US troops who were WAY out numbered.
Custer's Last Stand @ Little Big Horn
Indians drawing of the battle.
“What treaty that the whites have kept has the red man broken? Not one. What treaty that the white man ever made with us have they kept? Not one.”- Sitting Bull
What are three words you would use to describe Sitting Bull’s tone?
The Massacre at Wounded Knee
Sitting Bull was a wanted man
Sitting Bull captured!
150 Sioux Indians murdered by U.S. Troops
EVENT: Nez Perce-
Promised by the gov't they could keep their
land in Oregon
Within a few years the gov't says they need to
move into a reservation in Idaho
And the trains were so loud
they scared the buffalo away.
"Your people make big talk, and
sometimes make war, if an
Indian kills a white mans ox to
keep his wife and children from
starving. What do you think my
people ought to say when they
see their buffalo killed by your
race when you are not hungry?"
A Cheyenne chief