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Art History: The Periods of Art

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Hailey Clark

on 21 July 2013

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Transcript of Art History: The Periods of Art

by, Hailey Clark
AP Art History P.1B

Art History: The Periods of Art
Prehistoric:
Non-Western:
Asain:
Reagionalist:
Native American:
21st Century Artist Vladimir Kush:
Mesolithic period
"Teotihuacan Ivory Belt Mask for a Queen"
"Mayan Calendar"
"The the Safe Heaven"
'Master of Symbolic Execution"
"Reliquary Head(Nio Bieri)"
"Priest Shunjobo Chogen"
"Amida Descending From the Mountains"
"Travelers Among Mountains & Streams"
"Presentation of Captives to Lord Chan Muwan"
"Goddess Mural Painting; Teotihuacan"
"Delivering the Mail" by Buck Dunton
"Towering Pines" by Hennings
"Heavenly Fruits"
"Invite for Lunch"
This bust is from the mid 16th century. Her name is "Idia" and she was Oba Esigles mother. Esigles is known for his contributions to the flourishing and expansion of the Benin kingdom under Portuguese rule.
This Portuguese piece is very passionate in subject matter. The material is ivory & resides in the 15th - 16th century. An axe - bearing man is the essential focal point and cultural scars cover the chests of the remaining figures.
Priest Shunjobo Chogen is known for his architectural achievements & he is an important figure in the reconstruction of Nara. Lines are used to express his old age. He carries buddhist beads & this teaching goes back to the 11th - 13th centuries.
This piece is a hanging scroll and the medium is ink on silk. This piece depicts Amids descent. This representation of Japans spiritual beauty engages viewers. An element in which brings the piece together is Amidas halo that also resembles a rising moon.
This piece is of the northern Song period(11th century). The presentation of nature is "beautifully sublime" and represents the goal of becoming one with nature. The nature over powers the figures thus expressing that one is small in contest with nature.
This piece relates to the ancestral cult "Bieri". The piece represents tranquility, vitality, and the ability to hold opposites in balance. The composition consists of straight lines and sinuous curves.
The Mayans are known for there intricate calendars in which flourished in this culture. The Mayans, for some time, were the richest and most populated nation on the globe. hieroglyphic language of the Mayan culture were printed on calendars as well as spiritual images that represent a specified faith.
This depiction is of the Mayan culture (790 ce) & is located in Mexico. Social structure is expressed though ritual representation. The Mayans sought to control the Mesoamerican region from the Olmec's & Teotihuacan culture. The use of Mayan blue is captivating & is used to reveal importance.
The great goddess (spider woman) is enveloped by vibrantly colored frescoes. Its location is in Mexico & complex ornate deities are scattered in each direction. The piece is a painted stucco in which is just one of many murals created by the Mayan people.
Dunton's use of color (hazy blues, browns, earth colors ect.) set the mood for the image. The land defines the culture and it brings the piece together as a whole.
Rich Earth colors like solid green and red are used to convey the natural beauty of wide open land. The pines branches draw spectators attention and the painting is enveloped by a soft sky blue hue.
Color plays a vital role in the depiction of the Taos lands. The use of pastel colors reveals the peaceful aspect of nature. The mountains tower in the background allowing depth. The rigid/repetitive tree trunks bring the piece to life in relation to the use of color.
This piece is a symbolic representation of faith through a candle lights aura in which guides a lost ship at sea. The imagery defines the subject matter perfectly.
A ladder is risen to the tree branch(which also resembles clouds) in the sky. The uplifting message is inspirational and causes one to question the significance of life on earth.
The spirit of the Andes raises the napkin inviting the people to feast in which resembles the return of souls of their ancestors to the Earth. I think of my uncle when I see this piece it's truly beautiful.
Architecture:
"Mesolithic Battle Scene"
The Mesolithic period was a period of transition. A Period of constant rivalry influenced the art in which they created as well as how they went about daily life.
This piece is a depiction of a battle. It resides in a shelter cave & much of the art created was produced in caves and on rock.
"Mesolithic Pottery"
Pottery was a major contribution to the art created during this period. Simple images and designs were painted on the pottery(usually daily life depictions). Bowls, such as this one, were used for agricultural storage.
"Mesolithic Hunting Scene"
This depiction of a hunting scene was also created in a shelter cave. The figures are composed of simple shapes as well as color.The color used is a grainy red color and is commonly used.
African
Nara Period
Maya
"Aspens in Color" by Hassler
Taos/Santa Fe
Baroque
Modern
Renaissance
"San Carlo Alle Quattro Fontane"
Architect: Borromini
"St. Paul's Cathedral"
Architect: Wren
"Palace at Versailles"
Architect(s): Le Vau & Le Brun
Architecture:
This roman catholic church is an iconic piece of Baroque architecture. The building was a monument dedicated to the freeing of christian slaves.
Located in the city of London, this building is of the English Baroque style. The dome allows light to accent the interior. The Great Fire of London initiated it's re-construction and is one of the most recognizable sights in London.
Located in France, this building is a royal chateau. It is a symbol of the system of absolute monarchy due to the French Revolution during Louis XIV reign.
"Seagram Building" Architect(s): Van Der Rone & Johnson
"Robbie House" Architect: Wright
"Guggenheim" Architect: Genry
~international style
~serves as an office building made with a steel frame and walls of glass. No ornamentation reveals the machine aesthetic in realtion to it's composition
~Located in Chicago
~"Prairie Style"
~The building is somewhat isolated to assure comfort.
~Post Modern style
~Serves as an art museum and is a piece of art its self.
~The deconstructive make up consists of manipulated surface structure and distorts the traditional nature of architecture.
"Santo Spirito" Architect: Brunelleschi
"Palazzo Rucellai" Architect: Alberti
"Villa La Rontonda" Architect: Palladio
~Serves as a church
~"St. Mary of The Holy Spirit"
~The Interior is one of the pre-eminent examples of renaissance architecture
~Located in Florence
~Serves as a townhouse
~The facade was one of the first to consist of the new ideas of renaissance architecture. (pilasters and entablatures are in proportional relationship.
~Awakened a passion for classical architecture.
~The building is highly proportional and designed with class.
10 Favorite Periods of Art:
Surrealism:
"Soldier Take Warning"
by Salvador Dali
"Metamorphosis"
by Vladimir Kush
"Out of The Blue"
Artist unknown
Baroque:
"David and Goliath" by Caravaggio
"Slaying Holofernes" by Gentileschi
"Ecstasy of St. Teresa" by Bernini
Expressionism:
"Davos I'm Schnee" by Kirchner
"The Starry Night" by Van Gogh
"Scream" by Munch
Romanticism:
"Fisherman at Sea" by Turner
"The Colossus" by Goya
"Emigrants Crossing The Plain" by Bierstadt
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