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Transcript of The Crusades
The Beginning of the Crusades
A French monk, who went by the name, 'Peter the Hermit', created a mixed up army, that consisted of soldiers and peasants. Peter and his army created a Peoples Crusade in 1096, by inspiring people to battle against the Muslims for the Holy Land. The Peoples Crusade ended badly and unfortunately failed, resulting in most of the Crusaders being killed by Turkish soldiers.
Pope Urban III
The first crusade was called together by Pope Urban II, as their first attempt at taking the Holy Lands in 1095. It began as a widespread pilgrimage, in western christendom. It however ended with Roman Catholic Europe, trying to regain the Holy Lands taken in the Muslim conquest of the Levant.
Historians have learned a great deal about the Crusades from chroniclers like William of Tyre and Ibn al-Qalanisi. Today, reporters and newscasters travel all over the world to report on international events, including conflicts. Imagine what we might know had there been journalists with access to television, cell phones, and social media in the 13th century.
Time for you to take on the responsibility of being an international journalist! You are using social media to report the thick of the action of the Crusades!
The Third Crusade
This Crusade was also known as The Kings Crusade, and it was very successful. The Third Crusade was an attempt by European leaders to reconquer the Holy Land from Saladin. Although it was unsuccessful in capturing Jerusalem, they did however reverse some of Saladin's conquests and capture the cities of Acre and Jaffa.
By. Naomi Conway
The First Crusade
The Brothers Godfrey and Baldwin of Bouillon, were the people who started off the First Crusade. The first Crusader State at Edessa, was created by Baldwin. After a lengthy siege, the Crusaders finally captured Anitach. The Crusaders finally reach Jerusalem, August 1098. Following Godfrey's death, Baldwin became the first king of the Christian Kingdom of Jerusalem.
By joining the German, French, Italian, and Belgium an able army was constructed by, 1097. After the army achieved a number of 30,000 soldiers, they then created a strong force. The Pope promised, that all places taken over, would be given over to the Byzantine Empire.
The Second Crusade
The Crusades lasted for the next 100 years. To keep control over the crusader states, like Edessa, some European lords were slaved. The Holy Order of Knights attacked back, when a Crusader state was stormed, the two most powerful monarchs involved were Emperor Conrad III and King Louis VII. Most of the Crusaders ended up going home and the plan was unsuccessful because the Emperor and the King both wanted to take over Damascus instead of protecting Edessa. The few Crusaders who stayed, helped defend Jerusalem.
The Forth Crusade
The Fourth Crusade appears to not have very much ability to support it. In 1202, with the French Knights leading the Crusade, they started out for the Holy Land. On the way there, the Knights got distracted by the Venetian Lords, who persuaded them to siege the Eastern Orthodox Constantinople instead of reconquering the Holy Lands. The Pope was a Roman Christian Orthodox and not a Greek Orthodox ruler, meaning he was being selfish for ruling an additional Christian Land. Finally, when Constantinople was under Roman Orthodox's rule, they lost the power to control it to the Muslims.
Fredrick II, of the Holy Roman Empire, was the person who managed the Sixth Crusade. Fredrick II gained back the power of Jerusalem. King Andrew II of Hungary started the Fifth Crusade. His effort to taking the Holy Land back was unorganized, resulting in this Crusade to be a failure.
The Seventh Crusade
The Seventh Crusade was made up of two separate journeys, that were guided by King Louis IX of France.
This Crusade was not successful in creating any regional achievements. Acre was the final fortress of Christendom in the Holy Land, and it broke down in 1291, to the Mamluk.
For a whole year, King Richard kept on attempting to control Jerusalem, however he was always failing. He then decided to go a whole different direction, in his plan. King Richard began to create a connection with Saladin, his enemy, while he was trying to take over Jerusalem. Even after continuously failing, he never gave up, until one day when he made a deal with Saladin, saying that Christians weren't allowed to go into the Holy Land and visit their shrines.