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QEP Project Art 363

The Elements of Art: Value

Maria Glover

on 18 September 2014

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Transcript of QEP Project Art 363

The Elements of Art

Value refers to the




of a color. It is the range from








Chiaroscuro - Light to Dark
What's The


Value is used to create the illusion of light.
Value creates the illusions of highlights and shadows.
Highlights and shadows combine to create the illusion of a light source.
Value also lets us know whether the subject has volume or is flat; it lets us know what type of texture the surface of the subject has.
Value creates the visual structure of an image.

Shade (Low Value) : Results of mixing a color with black (or a darker color)

Tint (High Value): Results of mixing a color with white (or a lighter color)
Valuable Terms

How Valuable is Value To an Artist?
Artists can use value to communicate their message using: pen-and-ink, charcoal, and pencil drawings; etchings; block prints; and black and white photographs.

In drawings, paintings and prints, artists can create the illusion of the form of a natural object by changes in value. This is known as shading or modeling. It was first introduced and developed during the Renaissance.
Four shading techniques help create different values to show the illusion of three dimensional form on a flat surface:
Hatching, Cross-Hatching, Stippling, and Blending.
What Else is Value Worth?
Value can also elicit expressive response due to the dramatic qualities of strong darks and lights. The variety of contrasting dark and light areas grabs attention and provokes feelings. Artists can create emphasis by using the direction of light to show a strong contrast of light and dark shadows.
An Iron Forge
- 1772 - Jospeh Wright of Derby - Oil Paint On Canvas Support: 1213 x 1320 mm
frame: 1458 x 1570 x 123 mm
On display at Tate Britain
The artist wants this as the focal point of his painting. He uses area of high contrast to capture our attention. However, he balances the painting by using areas of low contrast around the focal point.
The artist creates the illusion of depth. Our eyes assume that this is a three dimensional object. (Cast Shadow)
Involves making a series of fine parallel lines of the same or different lengths. Hatching is best accomplished with pens or pencils since they make sharp, clean lines. The closer together the lines, the denser and dark the value appears. When the lines are farther apart, the effect is a lighter value.
Involves making two or more intersecting sets of parallel lines. The farther apart both hatched and cross-hatched lines are, the lighter the value; the closer together they are, the darker the value.
Is making many repeated dots with the tip of the drawing instrument. If the dots are very close together, even touching each other, they present a dark value. If the dots are more widely spaced, the effect is a lighter value.
Consists of a gradual, smooth change from dark to light value.
Ralph Peacock, 1897. Oil paint on canvas.
Support: 1327x740 mm.
The visibility of an item depends on how much contrast it makes with its' surroundings. Notice the colors the artist decides to use in this painting. Since the contrasts are extreme (black and white), the girls' face is the most visible object. The artist has controlled visibility and placed emphasis on the girl's face. This is an example of using low-key value (dark colors).
The Lady of Shalott.
John William Waterhouse. 1888. Oil on canvas. Support: 1530 x 2000 mm
frame: 2000 x 2460 x 230 mm
On display at Tate Britain.
The background of this painting is generally dark. However, the artist leads our eyes to the lady's white dress which then leads us to the colorful quilt.
Notice the slight gradation of color (jet black to a deep blue) to give the illusion of depth. We can infer that the boat is floating on the water.
Portrait Study.
Charles Conder 1868–1909
Oil paint on board
Support: 432 x 318 mm
Conder uses high-key values (the use of bright colors) in his painting. The woman's pale skin and white dress on the dark background is our focal point. The black/dark areas of the image alludes us to think that the black is "blacker" than if most of the image was black and no areas were light. Thus causing the necessary contrast the artist wants us to see.
Symphony in White, No. 1: The White Girl
, 1862
James McNeill Whistler (1834–1903)
Oil on canvas; 83 7/8 x 42 1/2 in. (213 x 107.9 cm)
Salon des Refusés, 1863
National Gallery of Art, Washington, Harris Whittemore Collection 1943.6.2
Venetian Interior,
c. 1880-82
John Singer Sargent, (American, 1856-1925)
oil on canvas, 26 7/8 X 34 3/16 in. (63.3 X 86.8 cm)
High Key Vs. Low Key
Value In Everyday Life
If you can read this, it's because of value! The area of high contrast is the tan background and the area of low contrast are the brown words you're reading. Graphic design artists know how to capture your attention or place emphasis on a certain subject using value.
When you take a picture - whether you're a professional photographer or amateur - you want to make sure you capture the point of interest so you make sure your subject is surrounded by light - whether it be sunlight or artificial light. Without light, we cannot see anything. If the values are the same, the image will be flat and unnoticeable.
When you take a color picture and change the filter to black and white or gray scale, you're using value! The object is still able to be recognized but we can also depict the form and locate the light and dark areas of the photo.
Blended Girl. Digital Image. Google Images, n.d. Web. 08 Sept. 2014.

Cross Hatching Vase. Digital Image. Google Images, n.d. Web. 08 Sept. 2014.

"Element of Design: Value." Art Foundations. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Sept. 2014.

Fussell, Matt. "The Elements of Art-"Value"" Value- The Elements of Art. The Virtual Instructor, n.d. Web. 09 Sept. 2014.

"Hatching And Cross Hatching Still Life by Fluffy11cat on DeviantART." Hatching And Cross Hatching Still Life by Fluffy11cat on DeviantART. Google Images, n.d. Web. 08 Sept. 2014.

Herberholz, Donald W., and Barbara J. Herberholz. Artworks for Elementary Teachers: Developing Artistic and Perceptual Awareness. 9th ed. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill, 2002. Print.

"Herimone Stippling." Google Images, n.d. Web. 08 Sept. 2014.

Ontavilla, Violetta. "Visual Arts." : Value. Light and Shadows. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Sept. 2014.

Saw, James. "Design Notes: Using Value." Design Notes: Using Value. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Sept. 2014.

Stippled baby face. Digital image. Google Images, n.d. Web. 08 Sept. 2014.

"The Importance of Value & Tone in Painting." Fine Art Tips With Lori McNee. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Sept. 2014.

"Value/Tone." Studio Codex: Create and Learn. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Sept. 2014.

Light source- Area where light is originating from
Value scale- A guide to creating a range of value
Tints- Light values
Shades- Dark values
Highlights- Areas on an object where light is hitting
Shadows- Areas on an object where light does not hit
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