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Transcript of Robin Hood
He was an outlaw in Sherwood Forest, Nottinghamshire, England The Legend of Robin Hood A common enemy in many of the original ballads and the modern versions, was the Sheriff of Nottingham.
As the legend goes, during a tournament to compete for a golden arrow, Robin Hood shot and split his opponent's arrow in two. All of the evidence points towards the idea that Robin Hood really existed.
But there are so many versions of the story, that we don't know which one is the truth. Class Structure of Medieval England The truth behind the tale The earliest reference to the legend of Robin Hood dates back to 1377.
In the ballad, "Piers Plowman" by William Langland, the priest, Sloth, doesn't know the Lord's Prayer; however, he does know the rhymes of Robin Hood. Moral Lessons Robin Hood's philosophy of stealing from the rich and giving to the poor, provides a basis for literature in which the underdog fights the corrupt leader to gain freedom for the people. 8 Robin Hoods An oubliette is a wine bottle shaped cave that criminals would be thrown into to either starve to death or go mad.
With only one opening, it was near impossible to ever escape. In an early ballad, Robin Hood is cast away into a dungeon and was rescued by the Merry Men using a rope.
The dungeon in this story is similar to the oubliettes found in Nottingham today. Oubliettes Because of this outbreak of the name Robin Hood amongst outlaws, historians believe that they either adopted or were given the name of an infamous thief. Is the Story of Robin Hood True to History? Maid Marian Other Merry Men The Merry Men Little John Robin Hood and the Monk This was the first piece of literature that was about the adventures of Robin Hood. The Gest of Robyn Hode This story was written in 1492. Little John is the second strongest character (literally and figuratively) in the tales of the Merry Men After King Richard the Lionhearted left England to fight in the Crusades, his brother, John took over the kingdom.
King John led England into debt and abused both the peasants and the nobles Together with his band of friends, known as the Merry Men, he stole from the rich and gave to the poor Robin met John when crossing a stream on a narrow bridge
Since both men could not cross at the same time, they drew their swords and Little John won the fight
Robin was impressed with John's strength and asked him to join the Merry Men Will Scarlet
Allen a dale Marian is Robin Hood's wife.
Because she was created after the ballads (around 1500s), the many versions of the story of Robin Hood portray her differently. Between the 13th and the 14th centuries, there have been eight cases of outlaws being tried under the name Robin Hood. During Medieval times, during King John's reign, prison was built in Nottingham. Most likely, an outlaw named Robin Hood did live between 1180 and 1280.
But whether he actually stole from the rich and gave to the poor is still unknown.