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Portrait Lighting Basics
Transcript of Portrait Lighting Basics
Portrait lighting is either composed towards, or away from the camera. If the lighting is closest to the camera is is broad lighting. If the shadow side of the face is closest than it is short lighting.
Portrait Lighting Basics
Single light source which casts light on exactly 1/2 of the face.
-Split lighting illuminates half of the face. It is intended to make a nose or face look slimmer, etc.
- Half of the face is highlighted, half is shaded/dark
-Light fill can hide facial irregularities
-No fill will make a picture very dramatic
Position of lamp for Split lighting
Butterfly lighting, also known as Paramount lighting, became a staple pattern for the Hollywood photographers of the 1930s. This lighting is characterized by the butterfly-shaped shadow that it casts below the nose. The butterfly pattern can be quite useful for a variety of faces, but is at its best on lean subjects with high and pronounced cheekbones. It is produced by placing the light source above the face (typically 25-70 degrees) and in line with the direction in which the face is pointing.
Position of Lamp for Butterfly lighting.
Rembrandt lighting is named after the famous Dutch painter of that name. The lighting is similar to loop lighting, but with the light source moved higher and further left or right of the face.
It creates a strong pattern characterized by a small triangle of light that appears under the eye on the shadow side of the face
, along with a nose shadow that nearly extends to the corner of the mouth. This is not an all-purpose lighting and is probably best reserved for character studies and moody fashion work.
Position of lamp for Rembrandt lighting
-Named for the loop-shaped shadow that it creates under the nose, is the most frequently-used pattern.
-It is considered to be a relatively flattering and adaptable pattern that lights most of the face while imparting a sense of depth.
-It is produced by placing the main light above the face (typically 25-60 degrees) and somewhat to the right or left of the of the direction in which the face is pointing (typically 0-50 degrees).
Position of lamp for Loop lighting
More complicated Rembrandt setup.
Why is portrait lighting important in photography?
What are the main 4 types of lighting styles?
What are some types of equipment you can use in controlled lighting?
What is portrait lighting?
What are the four main types of classical portrait lighting?
Can you use a single light to complete the four main types?
What is the difference between broad and short?
Why is it important to know how to control your lighting?
Browse the links provided
Lighting Info and Activity
The following links discuss lighting terms, types, and important vocab terminology. Take time to review it. I highly encourage you to take notes as a reference guide!
General Overview of lighting styles, locations, and terms
Create a visual example of each of the following terms. Then go back to your blog. Insert your examples on your blog with the types of lighting equipment. Labeling IS important! Label each example image!
Show examples of an explain what each of these descriptions means in lighting terms:
Hard vs Diffused (soft) Light
Over view of basic Light types
(dead as of Oct. 2015) http://www.picturecorrect.com/tips/types-of-light-in-photography/
Read and research about the different types of lights and some details about where the placement of the light is at for the below terms.
Natural Light - What is the main source of natural light? What other sources are argued about that could be considered natural light? What is your opinion?
Incandescent (aka Tungsten) Light - What color do these bulbs give off? What effect are they good for in photography?
LED's - What colors can these LED lights emit? What steps do you need to take to make LED lights usable in photography?
Fluorescent - What color variations can these bulbs give off? Why is this type of lighting hard to work with?
External Flash (AKA Hot shoe Flash/external flash/strobe)- What are the practical uses of flashes? What are the practical uses of strobes?
On your weebly website create a visual information sheet for the below terms. Find visual examples of each, along with a short description of it. I encourage you to find examples where the equipment is in use.
Barn door light
Umbrella + silver and gold.
Reflector disk + silver, gold, white, gray