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Jean-Jacques Rousseau

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Gunindu Abeysekera

on 29 March 2013

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Transcript of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Contribution to Romanticism Jean-Jacques Rousseau Jean-Jacques
Rousseau Quiz Born: June 28, 1712
Geneva, Switzerland - his initial goal: to become a composer; to introduce his new numerically based system of musical notation(was presented to the Academy of Science, but was rejected) -1742 traveled to Paris, met Denis Diderot Last years Influenced by Rousseau's experience with political work
- Identified corruption within political "entity" Theory of Natural Man Died: July 2, 1778
Ermenoville, France - father fled to evade persecution
- Rousseau was sent to a nearby pastor
- under his care; he was apprenticed to an engraver
- left the city age 16
- Roman catholic noblewoman, Baronne de Warens ,influenced him to travel to the city of Turin
-APRIL 1728: he converted into a Roman Catholic
- he spent his time working as a domestic servant in a noble household in Turin -Up to age ten his father educated him Saw a fundamental divide between society and human nature
- believed that man acts "appropriately" when surrounded by the natural environment
- "nature" = amongst wildlife and the condition of humankind before the creation of civilization and modern society/government Theory of Natural Man II Amour Propre
- pride/vanity
- artificial
- forces man to compare himself to others
- creating unwarranted fear
- allowing men to take pleasure in the pain/weakness of others Amour de Soi
- human desire for self-preservation
- basic biological needs Rousseau and Romanticism Romanticism
a revolt against political and social norms
a reaction against rationalism
placed an emphasis on apprehension, horror, and terror
made spontaneity a desirable characteristic
reaction against Industrial revolution
Rousseau's Influence
called the father of Romanticism
thought returning to the natural sate would end all social problems
loved nature throughout his entire life Romanticism Jean-Jacques
Rousseau Denis Diderot Thomas Hobbes François-Marie
Voltaire Early Stage of life continued.... - in Paris he contributed to Denis Diderot's encyclopedia - Introduced to Italian art while serving as a tutor and secretary for the French Ambassador in Venice
-opened his eye to corruption Thérèse Levasseur - Affair with Rousseau
started in 1745
- From then on, she
became his mistress,
housekeeper, mother of
their 5 children, and finally wife in 1768
- He persuaded her to give them up to a foundling hospital because they were illegitimate children - was taking a walk on an estate
- had a stroke, fell on a rock, and suffered from a hemorrhage
- died at age 66 Renaissance
Philosophers continued... thought that institutions corrupted humans who were naturally born good
got rid of all intellectual aspects and he only expressed emotions
a living example of Romanticism
strongly disliked the education and political system
had very little discipline in his life and loved individual freedom
was one of the first to write an autobiography because he started seeing individuality of each person in a society
tried to stay away from the cities
believed a child's emotions should be enhanced before reason Social Contract - idea has been around throughout history
- an agreement between the rulers and governed
of a society
- defines and limits the rights and duties of each individual
- assurance that laws will be fair and humane
- prevents corruption 1600-1700s: Epistemology
- Rousseau: Human Nature = Good
- John Locke: Tabula Rasa &Natural Rights: life, liberty, and property
- Thomas Hobbes: good gov = people fear consequences - both were educated through similar circumstances
- had similar theories that evolved enough to distinguish
them - Aristotle
- Cicero
- Niccolò Machiavelli
- Baruch Spinoza
- Montaigne
- Grotius
- Pufendorf ☺☺⚡⛄☁ - Sponsored Rousseau in France
- influenced him to apply
for French school - NATURE
- criticized for
naivety worked together
- man is violent
- contradicted Rousseau
- criticized for being
too harsh & pessimistic 7)Who was considered a living example for Romantics?
8)Did Romantics and Rousseau prefer civilization or nature?
9)What was Romanticism a revolt against? And how is this related to Rousseau's characteristics? Works of Rousseau Father: Isaac Rousseau Mother: Sabine Cartier - (1645-1705)
Father: David Rousseau - (1641-1738) Born: 1672, Geneva
Died: 1747, Nyon - Derived from a line of adroit clock makers & merchants 1722: Isaac Rousseau trespassed on the land of a wealthy landowner
- fled away when Rousseau was 10 Émile: Or, On Education
- Treatise on the education of the whole person for citizenship.
Julie, or the New Heloise
-importance to the development of pre-romanticism and romanticism in fiction.
Rousseau's Confessions
- initiated the modern autobiography
- his Reveries of a Solitary Walker
- exemplified the Age of Sensibility
- featured an increased focus on subjectivity and introspection that later characterized modern writing.
Discourse on the Origin of Inequality, on the Social Contract, & Considerations on the Government of Poland
- cornerstones in modern political and social thought. (5 Generations ago) Didier Rousseau
- a bookseller who published Protestant tracts
- escaped persecution from French Catholics
- 1549: fled to Geneva
- became a wine merchant - Isaac Rousseau developed a passion for the arts
- taught dance - Maintained an excellent education
- Passed on to Jean-Jacques Rousseau Isaac Rousseau Contd... - Egotistical man
- Got into arguments easily
- When masculinity and dignity were questioned 1699: Got into a political argument with visiting British officers
- They drew their swords as a warning
- Isaac Rousseau was punished
- Forced Geneva to question foreign affairs Jesica Banila
Johans Acosta
Gunindu Abeysekera "I may be no better,
but at least I am different." - When people become conscientious of themselves as social beings, morality also becomes possible Pitié
- directs us to attend to and relieve the suffering of others The State of War
- supports legal codes (Hugo Grotius)
ex) the law of war & peace (Natural Law) *Natural Goodness *nonexistent "state of nature" = everyone for themselves =no rules/gov...yet = chaos John Locke - Natural Rights
- Tabula Rasa Freedom of religion, expression, separation of church and state True or False?:
4) Rousseau believed that man was naturally bad.
5) The Social Contract is a generally new concept.
6) What is Epistemology? Work Cited "Romanticism." Romanticism. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2013. Boeree, Dr. George C. "Romanticism." Romanticism. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2013. "RomanticismAbout Our Definitions: All Forms of a Word (noun, Verb, Etc.) Are
Now Displayed on One Page." Merriam-Webster. Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2013. "Jean-Jacques Rousseau | Philosopher." Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Philosopher. Robin Chew,
2013. Web. 22 Mar. 2013. Kemerling, Garth. "Rousseau." Rousseau. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0
Unported License., 25 Nov. 2011. Web. 22 Mar. 2013. BrainyQuote. Xplore, n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2013. Bertram, Christopher. "Jean Jacques Rousseau." (Stanford Encyclopedia
of Philosophy). Ed. Gintautas Miliauskas. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2012 Edition), 27 Sept. 2010. Web. 23 Mar. 2013. <http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/rousseau/>. "Jean-Jacques Rousseau." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 27 Mar. 2013. Web. 24
Mar. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-Jacques_Rousseau>. "Social Contract Theory Lecture Final." YouTube. YouTube, 19 Jan. 2012. Web. 25 Mar. 2013. "Theory of a Natural Man" StudyMode.com. 06 2008. 06 2008
<http://www.studymode.com/essays/Theory-Natural-Man-154137.html>. German, Robert. "The Rant: Theory of Natural Man." The Rant:
Theory of Natural Man. N.p., 12 Feb. 2009. Web. 24 Mar. 2013. <http://robertgerman.blogspot.com/2009/02/theory-of-natural-man.html>. *Social Beings - The subjective nature of knowledge: knowledge as personal, emotional, individual experience
- Each man is an individual, unlike any other; truth is subjective
- True knowledge is emotional
- The self is a subject worthy of study and representation Suzanne Bernard - Mother of Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Born into a wealthy family
- Father died at young age
- Sent to uncle
- Met Isaac Rousseau
- Died 9 days after giving birth to Rousseau Jessica Banila
Johans Acosta
Gunindu Abeysekera Mr. Van Dam
Period 4 True or False?:
1) Isaac Rousseau passed away when his Jean-Jacques was 10.
2) Rousseau went to France to become a mime.
3) What was the real reason Rousseau gave up his children? Man is not good-natured
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