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Purpose of ANZUS and SEATO
Beth Con 18 September 2012
Transcript of Purpose of ANZUS and SEATO
The way the treaty works is that if one of these countries s threatened the other countries must assist it, otherwise they are breaking the treaty. With matters concerning conflicts in other countries, it is not part of the treaty to assist them in that situation, however they may do so. ANZUS Due to the fact that the NZ Labour government of Lange denied entry of the US ships that were nuclear-armed or nuclear-powered into the NZ ports the treaty has weakened in its power. Since this decrease in trust, it has become more of a bilateral treaty between Australia and the US.
The treaty was created during WWII, when it became apparent that the three nations worked well together and were willing to defend each other under attack. When Australia was threatened by Japan during the war, NZ and the US came to defend Australia and the treaty was triggered. History of ANZUS The South East Asia Treaty Organisation, is a treaty that Australia signed in 1954. Set up by the US, the treaty consisted of Australia, the United States, Pakistan, France, Thailand, Britain and the Phillipines. Any country that was European at the time was not allowed to join the treaty.
The purpose of this alliance was to fight communism, primarily in South East Asia. The countries involved in the treaty had to undergo joint military exchanges and training exercises. SEATO Australia's Involvement in SEATO The fact that Australia was a member in the SEATO was a great expression of how Australia had formed a forward defence strategy. A forward defence strategy is the policy of fighting to prevent the expansion of communism into one's country by containing its expansion expansion elsewhere, hence why they joined the treaty in the first place.
It also represented Australia's desire to ensure that they did not succumb to communism. SEATO, also known as Manila Pact, dissolved in 1977.