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Enhancing Descriptive Language
Transcript of Enhancing Descriptive Language
Descriptive Language What is Descriptive Language? Descriptive language is when an author uses purposeful word choice that brings images to life for the reader. Add Colorful and Vivid Words to
enhance your writing. Find Descriptive Language Listen to A Quiet Place by
Douglas Wood. As you are
listening, write down some descriptive language you hear in the story, especially words that help you visualize the story. Use the 5 Senses Sight: including colors, shapes, sizes
(green, red, , square, round, large, small)
Sound: including types and volume
(rattling, scraping, blowing, loud, soft)
Smell: including scents and strengths
(putrid, sweet, foul, pungent, strong, faint)
Taste: including flavors and strengths
(sweet, sour, spicy, bland, strong, weak)
Touch: including textures and temperatures
(smooth, rough, soft, hard, cool, hot)
Emotions: (happy, ecstatic, lonely, beautiful, ugly Figurative Language Figurative Language expresses images through metaphors, personifications, similes, and hyperbole. How to enhance descriptive writing:
* Use colorful and vivid words to help paint
a picture in the reader's mind such as,
adjectives and adverbs.
*Use words to express the 5 senses:
feel, hear, taste, touch, and see.
* Uses figurative language to express
images such as, metaphor, personification,
similes, and hyperbole. * Use specific adjectives (describing a noun).
Instead of: Look at the cat.
Try: Look at the old, matted cat.
* Use specific adverbs (describing verbs).
Instead of: The cat slumped to the floor.
Try: The cat slumped listlessly to the floor.
* Use a thesaurus to help find interesting,
colorful and vivid words. Now it's your turn to enhance sentences. 1. The girl ate some cake.
2. The boy walked his dog.
3. The baby was crying.
4. It was snowing outside. Don't forget to add in adjectives and adverbs. Where do you get these words? 5 Senses Now it's your turn:
Let's look at a short piece of writing. You will code this writing looking for the 5 Senses within the description.
Codes: Feel = F
Smell = S
Hear = H
See = C Place the letters next to a sentence that makes you feel, taste, smell, hear, or see what the author is writing about. The Horse Farm
I am jarred out of a relaxing sleep by a voice yelling my name in a loud whisper, and a light burning through my eyelids. Groggily, I open my eyes to see my father standing in the doorway to my messy room. He tells me that I need to get going, that it is 3:00 a.m., and I'm burning daylight. I find my clothes and get dressed. The whole time I wonder why I get up this early to visit the rugged outdoors. I want to go back to bed, but I know my dad will be back in to make sure I am getting ready, in a little bit. Instead, I put my boots and my wide-brimmed, black cowboy hat on, and walked out to catch the horses. The horses are all excited because it is dark and they are not that cooperative. My dad and I get them saddled and in the trailer, and go back into the house to get our lunch, water, and a cup of coffee. Now, we can head for the high country.
It is still dark when we get there, so our horses are still very alert; they keep moving around and snorting with eyes wide and nostrils flared. I strap my pistol to my hips and tie the tip of the holster to my leg so it doesn't flop. We are ready to go, so I take a deep breath of the sharp, clean, mountain air and step into the saddle. As we ride along in the dark, I begin to relax. Man, I love the smell of cool mountain air; there is nothing in the world quite like it. It is so refreshing for me.
As the sky begins to brighten to a gray, and the stars that were so brilliant just seconds ago begin to grow dim, my imagination starts to picture things moving that are really nothing but shadows in the trees. It is as if the shadows are racing around trying to find their owners before the sun peeks its gleaming face up over the horizon. A deer jumps from its bed, scaring the horses and pumping a quart of adrenaline through my system, as my pistol jumps to my hand. Once I realize it is just a deer, I put my pistol back in its holster.
In the last seconds before the sun rises, the sky turns a soft blue. The sun breaks the horizon and begins to shine its warmth down on me; I can see more of the beauty that is all around me. I can see beams of light perfectly outlining the ragged mountains, as I look across the valley. As the sun floats higher in the pure blue sky, it reveals more and more of the beauty that the land holds. In every direction my eyes take in the trees, cattle grazing on a side hill, and elk moving through the aspen trees. Sometimes, when I am here, I will see a coyote appear and then vanish like the wind.
Each time I visit this place I get the same relaxing feeling, yet in a way it is new. When I look upon the beauty of nature, I know that these places were created knowing there would be people like me on earth to enjoy them. Read and Code Observations: Quick Write: Take 10 minutes and write about your quiet place. Use descriptive words. Remember to use colorful, vivid adjectives and adverbs. Don't forget to use the senses to help your reader picture your quiet place.
We will share in our author's circle. Where is your quiet place? Now it's Your Turn Example: Metaphors Metaphors is a comparison between two unlike things that actually have something in common. Examples:
The goalkeeper was a rock.
Life is a roller-coaster.
The world is a stage.
The test was a walk in the park.
David is a worm for what he did to Shelia.
Her eyes were fireflies. Similes Similes are comparisons using as or like. Examples:
The goalkeeper was as solid as a rock.
She was as cute as a kitten.
Life is like a box of chocolates.
He was as busy as a bee.
He is as strong as an ox. Personification When a thing, idea, or an animal take on a humans trait. Examples:
The stars danced playfully in the moonlit sky.
The run down house appeared depressed.
The first rays of morning tiptoed through the meadow.
The flowers waltzed in the gentle breeze. Hyperbole Deliberate and obvious exaggeration used for effect. Examples:
I’ve told you a million times.
It was so cold, I saw polar bears wearing jackets.
I am so hungry I could eat a horse.
I have a million things to do.
I had a ton of homework. References: Now It's Your Turn Title Author Metaphor Excerpt Title Author Simile Excerpt Title Author Personification Excerpt Title Author Hyperbole Your turn to find examples Your turn to find examples Your turn to find examples Your turn to find examples Responses: Did the author enhance his writing by
using the senses to help us feel, taste,
smell, see, and hear the story? Explain. Excerpt from : Owl Moon by Jane Yolen I could hear it
through the woolen cap
Pa had pulled down
over my ears.
A farm dog answered the train,
and then a second dog
They sang out ,
trains and dogs,
for a real long time.
And when their voices
it was quiet as a dream.
We walked on toward the woods,
Pa and I. Quick Write: Write your own story incorporating one of the figurative languages. We will all share our quick writes in the author's cirlce discussing figurative language choices. We will listen intently to try to figure out which figurative language the author used. Baldwin, Pamela (2012). Types of descriptive or figurative language. Ehow mom.
Retrieved December 9, 2012 from
Ehmann, S., & Gayer, K., (2009). I can write like that! A guide to mentor texts and craft
studies for writer's workshop. International Reading Association: Newark, DE.
Salvadore, Marie. (2012). Descriptive writing. Reading Rocket. Retrieved December 8,
2012 from http://www.readingrockets.org/strategies/descriptive_writing/
Wood, Douglas ( 2002). A quiet place. Simon & Schuster Children's Publishing Division:
New York, NY.
Yolan, Jane (1987). Owl moon. Penguin Putnam Division: New York: NY. Congratulations!
You now have learned
the tools to help you
enhance your descriptive language in your writing pieces.
Enjoy and HAVE FUN!